Presentation on theme: "Who’s Who Between the World Wars SSWH17: Major Political and Economic Factors that shaped world societies between World War I and World War II."— Presentation transcript:
1Who’s Who Between the World Wars SSWH17: Major Political and Economic Factors that shaped world societies between World War I and World War II
2Sigmund FreudPsychoanalysis—The Interpretation of Dreams (theories of the unconscious mind)Human behavior was determined by repressed experiences/memoriesRepression—people repress desires and emotions into their subconsciousFreudian Slip: An error in speech that is interpreted as occurring due to the interference of some unconsciousAs a common pun goes, "A Freudian slip is when you mean one thing, but you say your mother."
3Albert EinsteinTheory of Relativity—if all material things disappear out of the universe, time and space would also disappear—deep!Wrote a letter to American President, FDR encouraging him to develop “extremely powerful bombs of a new type" with hints that the German government might already be doing so
4Pablo PicassoPainting: Guernico—portrays German bombing during the Spanish Civil War (1930’s)Stayed in Paris during WWII—continued to paint—he was not able to show his works, because they didn’t fit the Nazi view of Art
5The Bolsheviks Faction of Marxism Ultimately became the Communist PartyVladimir LeninRemember the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk?
6Vladimir Lenin Led the Bolshevik Revolution New Economic Policy (NEP) “Comrade Lenin cleanses the earth of Filth”Led the Bolshevik RevolutionNew Economic Policy (NEP)Makes changes in Russia—land to peasants, factories, etc.Royal Family (Romanovs) murdered in 1916Organized self governing republics (USSR)
7Joseph StalinReplaced New Economic Policy (Lenin) with Five Year PlansLaunching a period of rapid industrialization and economic collectivizationThe upheaval in the agricultural sector disrupted food production, resulting in widespread famine6-8 million people died
8Benito Mussolini II Duce Fascism/Italy/totalitarianism Black shirts Believe that imperialism is necessaryA nation must have a warrior mentality
9Adolf Hitler Racial policies/”Aryan Race” Racial Hygiene/Scientific RacismCompulsory/Forced Sterilization (over 400,000 sterilized against their will)Said, “people suffering from hereditary defects cost the German people $$”Ultimately led to the HolocaustPurge Europe of insane, handicapped, mentally retarded, Jewish, etc.
10HirohitoJapanese Emperor December 25, 1926, until his death in 1989
11Francisco Franco Spanish Civil War Hitler and Mussolini allied with Franco—tested out weapons they would later use in WWII
12Sun Yat Sen Father of Modern China Key figure in overthrowing the Qing Dynasty in 1911
13Mustafa Kemal Attaturk Following the defeat of the Ottoman Empire, he led the Turkish National MovementHe successfully led the liberation movement of the country and to the establishment of Turkey.During his presidency, he embarked upon a program of political, economic, and cultural reformshe sought to transform the former Ottoman Empire into a modern, democratic, and secular nation-state.Breaks the Islamic Stronghold
14Mohandas Gandhi Indian Independence Movement Civil Disobedience Assassinated in 1948 by a Hindu Nationalist