Presentation on theme: "Psychology of Freud. Sigmund Freud Theories based on his work with the mentally ill Believed behavior is not driven by rational thinking, but rather is."— Presentation transcript:
Sigmund Freud Theories based on his work with the mentally ill Believed behavior is not driven by rational thinking, but rather is strongly determined by the unconscious Believed people repress events into their unconscious (especially from childhood), but that these events still influence the way that they behave.
Invented Psychoanalysis Talking through problems with a psychiatrist Psychiatrist probes deeply into the memories of the patient’s childhood to retrace the path of repression. Freud believed this was the only way to bring a person’s repression out into the open and resolve a patient’s psychic conflict. He relied on hypnosis and analysis of dreams using an elaborate code.
Mind divided into Three Parts Id Irrational, unconscious, lustful, aggressive, powerful, violent Driven by the subconscious desire for pleasure and away from pain (the “pleasure principle”) Ego Rationalizing conscious, seat of reason, coordinator of inner life Knows that people can’t really do everything they want to do (the “reality principle” Superego Ingrained moral values Inhibitions ingrained by society (especially by parents) Humans are a battleground between the Id, Ego, and Superego The Superego forces the Ego in inhibit the Id If the Ego and the Superego are too strong they: Force the Id to repress sexual desires Bring on guilt, neurotic fears – mental illness (which should be addressed by psychoanalysis)
Effects of Freud Popular opinion was that he was pro- sexual experimentation, though he would disagree with this People became fearful of a society directed by the unconscious rather than the rational Mental illness treated through psychoanalysis