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Contact lenses. Contact lens fact Contact lenses were thought of as early as 1508 when Leonardo da Vinci sketched and described several forms of them.

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Presentation on theme: "Contact lenses. Contact lens fact Contact lenses were thought of as early as 1508 when Leonardo da Vinci sketched and described several forms of them."— Presentation transcript:

1 Contact lenses

2 Contact lens fact Contact lenses were thought of as early as 1508 when Leonardo da Vinci sketched and described several forms of them

3 Contact lens technology Contact lenses are a changing area of optometry with new lenses constantly being developed

4 What do contact lenses do? Contact lenses correct refractive errors Contact lenses are placed directly on the cornea

5 lid margin iris cornea conjunctiva sclera pupil Diagram of the eye

6 Normal focus

7 Short sightedness (Myopia) Distance vision blurry, near vision usually ok Short sighted focus Short sighted correction

8 Long sightedness (Hyperopia) Difficulty seeing clearly and comfortably up close Long sighted focus Long sighted correction

9 Astigmatism The eye is shaped more like a football than a basketball Focusing error that causes blur in one direction

10 Types of contact lenses Rigid gas permeable (RGP) lenses Soft lenses –Disposable or non-disposable –Coloured or clear –Spherical or toric –Extended wear –Multifocal

11 RGP lenses (rigid gas permeable) Smaller than size of cornea May be less comfortable than soft lenses initially Very effective in correcting astigmatism

12 Soft lenses Most commonly used (90%) Made from hydrogel plastic material containing water 1-2mm larger than cornea Easy to adapt to

13 Spherical lenses Correct short or long-sightedness Cheapest, most comfortable lenses Available in disposable form

14 Toric lenses Correct astigmatism Lens is specially weighted to fit the shape of an irregular cornea More expensive than spherical lenses Available in disposable form

15 Disposable lenses Daily, two-weekly or monthly replacement Very simple cleaning (if any) Latest designs and materials Very popular

16 Coloured lenses Handling tint –Useful when inserting or removing Enhancing tint –Makes light coloured eyes more vivid Opaque tint –Can change brown eyes to blue

17 Extended wear lenses New technology Made from silicone material which transmits oxygen well Wear for up to thirty days without removing Will not suit all people

18 Multifocal contact lenses Can wear one reading lens, one distance Can have dual focus lenses New technology – slightly more expensive Available as a disposable lens

19 Advantages of contact lenses over glasses Better field of view No fogging up No one has to know you have refractive error Can be better for sport Sometimes vision correction is better

20 Hygiene is very important Always wash hands before touching lenses If lenses are not clean, bacteria can stick to them A tiny scratch on the eye can get infected

21 If you have a sore, red eye take your lenses out and see your optometrist ASAP

22 If properly looked after, the chance of having an infection with contact lenses is extremely low

23 Tests for contact lenses Contact lenses need to be fitted to each eye Several tests are required –measuring and trying the lenses –teaching insertion and removal –after care

24 Optometrists Provide a comprehensive visual examination Detect and diagnose eye health problems Prescribe and supply glasses and contact lenses when required Diagnose and treat eye coordination and focussing problems

25 Optometrists Are university educated and undertake continuing professional education No referral is required Eye tests attract a medicare rebate

26 To find an optometrist Optometrists Association Australia Yellow Pages


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