Ionic Bonding Ion = An atom or group of atoms that has an electric charge How does an atom get a charge? By losing or gaining electrons. Lets model it. If you lose an electron you become? Positive If you gain an electron you become? Negative
Ionic Bonding Ions pg. L 23 Polyatomic Ions Poly means many = many atoms Some Ions are made up of many atoms Like other ions Polyatomic Ions have an overall + or – charge.
Ionic Bonds Oppositely charged particles attract. Ionic bonds form as a result of the attraction between positive and negative ions. A compound that consists of positive and negative ions is called an ionic compound.
When ionic compounds form, the ions come together in a way that balances out the charges on the ions. The chemical formula for the compound reflects this balance. Two chloride ions, each with a charge of 1− will balance the charge on the magnesium ion. That’s why the formula of magnesium chloride is MgCl 2. The number “2” is a subscript. A subscript tells you the ratio of elements in the compound. For MgCl 2, the ratio of magnesium ions to chloride ions is 1 to 2.
What do the formulas mean K + Ca2 + Mg2 + PO4 3−
Naming Ionic Compounds For an ionic compound, the name of the positive ion comes first, followed by the name of the negative ion. Examples: Magnesium chloride, sodium bicarbonate, sodium oxide
Properties of Ionic compounds Ionic Crystals 26L Sharp edges, corners, flat surfaces, and cubic shape High melting points Because Ionic bonds are very strong it takes more heat to break them. They are all solids at room temperature Table salt must be heated to 801 o C before the crystal melts. (1473.8 o F)