Presentation on theme: "The Kite Runner by Khaled Hosseini Historical, Political and Cultural Contexts A presentation by N. Shamnad."— Presentation transcript:
1 The Kite Runner by Khaled Hosseini Historical, Political and Cultural Contexts A presentation by N. Shamnad Department of Arabic University College Thiruvananthapuram E mail:
2 The Kite Runner By the Afghan-American writer Khaled Hosseini First novel to be written in English by an Afghan NationalBy the Afghan-American writer Khaled HosseiniPublished in 2003, USASold over 3 million copies worldwideSouth African Boeke Prize in 2004A No. 1 New York Times Best seller for 2005Voted the Penguin Reading Group Book of the year for 2007Adapted in to a highly acclaimed feature film in 2007 by Marc ForsterAmerican Library Association: one of its most challenged books of 2008
3 Khaled Hosseini Afghan-American writer Born in 1965 in Kabul, AfghanistanHis father was an Afghan diplomat in Iran and FranceFollowing the 1979 Russian invasion, the family emmigrated to theUnited StatesPolitical asylum in 1980, Settled in California, USHosseini is now a physicianNovels: The Kite Runner (2003), A Thousand Splendid Suns (2007)
4 The Kite RunnerThe story takes place in Afghanistan, Pakistan, and the United States from 1975 to 2003The novel maps the journey of Amir, the narratorAmir belongs to a wealthy family whose father is a businessmanAmir tells the story of his friendship with Hassan.Hassan and his father, Ali, are Amir’s servantsHassan is the victim of discrimination due to his ethnic identityIronically, Hassan is also Amir’s half brother
5 The SeparationAmir desires his father’s approval, and with the help of Hassan,enters a kite running tournamentViolent events occur after the tournament, which have animpact upon the lives of Hassan and AmirAmir overwhelms with guilt when allows Hassan to be beatenby the neighborhood boys and Watch him being assaultedHassan and his father leave KabulAfter Russian invasion Amir and his father flee Afghanistanfor Pakistan and then end up in the US
6 AMIR PAYS HIS DEBT TO HASSAN Amir continues his education, marries and becomes a writerHe returns to Afghanistan in search of HassanWhile in Pakistan, Amir finds out that Hassan and his wifewere killed by the Taliban regimeThey left a son, SohrabAmir arrives at Kabul to rescue Sohrab from Assef, a TalibanleaderAssef was the boy who molested Hassan during their childhoodAmir must defeat Assef in a physical battle in order to takeSohrab out of Afghanistan and try to help repair his spirit.
7 The Kite Runner (Film) A 2007 Hollywood film directed by . Marc ForsterBased on the novel by Khaled Hosseini.A DreamWorks and Paramount VintageproductionMostly shot in China, Pakistan and USDialogue is in Afghan Persian (Dari) andEnglishNomination for the Golden Globe awardfor the best foreign language film in 20075th best film of 2007: Chicago Sun-TimesBanned in Afghanistan from theatres andDVD stores.
8 The Kite Runner (2007) : a Marc Forster film “ … The Kite Runner (2007) : a Marc Forster film “ ….and there is a way to be good again !”
9 The Kite Runner : Historical and Political Contexts The story takes place in Afghanistan, Pakistan and AmericaTells the collapse of Afghan civil society and violations of fundamentalhuman rights1.5 Million people lost their lives5 Million people went in exilePicturisation of the Soviet invasion of 1979 and the tyranny of TalibanWar crimes and the plight of refugeesNovel leaves one feeling, a terrible Sadness for the Afghan people.The power game between the U.S.A. and the former Soviet Unionbrought death and utter destruction to the country.
10 The Kite Runner : Soviet Invasion of 1979 and Refugees
12 The Kite Runner : Cultural Contexts The Novel showsEthnic and religious diversities in Afghanistan andcultural clash / prejudiceRacial discrimination, religious intolerance, oppression ofwomen and persecution of childrenInfluence of tribalism and disintegration of societyFriction between Pashtuns and Hazaras: various ethnic groupsReligious extremism and secularismFriendship, between childhood friends / brothersParent/child relationships, paternal expectations and the need forapprovalKite running
13 Afghan Ethnicity ► Hazaras consists of about10 to 15 percent ► Uzbaks consists of about 9 percent► Others (Turkmen, Aimaq, Baluch, Nuristani)TajikPashtunHazara