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Chapter 12 Notes 12.1 A Drug-Oriented Society
Every year, pharmaceutical companies spend about $25 billion on advertising.
The alcohol industry spends $18 to 20 billion on advertising.
One of the biggest sponsors of athletic events is the beer industry.
Today, drugs can prevent, treat, or cure most illnesses.
The problem is that many people think drugs can solve all problems.
A drug is a substance that causes physical or emotional change in a person.
Natural remedies contain substances that occur in nature and can treat or prevent ailments.
Over the counter drugs can be bought without a doctor’s prescription.
Prescription drugs require doctor’s order to buy.
Tobacco products contain the drug nicotine.
Beer, wine and distilled liquors contain the drug alcohol which is illegal for person’s under 21.
Unrecognized drugs are found in products that are not usually classified as drugs.
One of the most used unrecognized drug is caffeine which is found in coffee.
Taking drugs properly and in their correct amounts is called drug use
The improper use of a drug is called drug misuse
Drug abuse occurs when a person takes a legal drug for a non medical reason.
An effect on a person’s mood or behavior is a psychoactive effect.
Four drugs which cause psychoactive effects are: alcohol caffeine nicotine tranquilizers
When a person develops a physical need for a drug they are said to have an addiction
12.2 Over-the-Counter and Prescription Drugs Two types of medicines are over- the-counter and prescription drugs.
Analgesics are used to relieve pain.
Three types of analgesics are: 1. aspirin 2. acetaminophen 3. ibuprofen
Drugs used to slow the body and make you sleepy are sedatives
The correct amount of a drug to be taken at one time is the dose
Sometimes the effect of a medicine can be made greater or smaller if there is already another drug in your system. This influence is called drug interactions
A desired effect is the expected effect of a drug.
An unwanted effect that accompanies the desired effect of a drug is a drug allergy
We live in a drug oriented society.
Physical exercise or a relaxation exercise can often relieve pain without medicine
Seven classifications of drugs are: 1. natural remedies 2. over-the-counter 3. prescription 4. tobacco products 5. alcohol 6. illegal 7. unrecognized
You can misuse a prescribed drug by taking the wrong dosage.
Psychoactive drugs impair a person’s ability to make good decisions.
Five psychoactive drugs are 1. caffeine 2. nicotine 3. tranquilizers 4.alcoh0l 5. heroin
Three of the most common types of over- the-counter drugs are: 1. analgesics 2. sedatives 3. stimulants
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