Presentation on theme: "Drug Vocabulary (Chapter 17). Drug: any chemical that causes a change in a person’s physical or psychological state. Tolerance: Your body’s ability to."— Presentation transcript:
Drug: any chemical that causes a change in a person’s physical or psychological state. Tolerance: Your body’s ability to resist a drug. As your tolerance increases, you need more of the drug to produce it’s original effect. Overdose: the taking of a larger amount of a drug than a person’s body can handle. Can result in a coma, brain damage, and death. Impurities: illegal drugs are not regulated by law. There is no guarantee that they are pure. Often the are contaminated with other chemicals.
Drug Addiction: the uncontrollable use of a drug. There are 2 types: –Physical Addiction: when the body needs the drug –Psychological Addiction: when the mind needs the drug Withdrawal: the process when the drug is taken away from the addicted person. Detoxification: the process by which the body rids itself of drugs.
Side Effect: Any effect caused by the drug that is unintended. Effects can be physical or mental. Drug Interaction: When you take more than one drug at a time, the drugs may interact in different ways than when taken alone. 2 types of interactions: –Antagonism: drug is cancelled out or reduced effectiveness –Synergism: Interaction creates a greater effect than it would if taken alone.
proper use, misuse, and abuse Proper Use: taking the drug correctly for it’s intended purpose Drug Misuse: taking the drug for it’s intended purpose but not following directions exactly as it says Drug Abuse: taking the drug for reasons other than it’s purpose and/or taking it incorrectly
Gateway Drugs Drug that people start with that often lead to “harder” drugs Alcohol Marijuana Tobacco
How Drugs Enter the Body Oral (pills, syrup, liquid) Inhale (smoke, inhalers) Injection (muscle, vein) Nasal (sniff, sprays) Topical (creams, ointments) Transdermal (patches) Drops (eyes, ears) Suppository (anal)
Medicine: any drug that is used to cure, prevent, treat, and alleviate symptoms and discomfort. Over the Counter (OTC) Can be bought without RX Doesn’t cure Treats symptoms that will eventually go away without it Can be harmful if taken incorrectly Not as potent as RX Prescription (RX) Need to get from doctor Cure or manage the problem Stronger than OTC meds Require more government control Includes: antibiotics, heart meds, inhalers for asthma, medicines for chronic diseases like diabetes
Proper Drug Use Follow the RX guidelines and OTC directions Correct dosage: how much and when Considerations: take with food, on empty stomach, don’t take with alcohol, don’t operate heavy machinery Finish all prescribed medicine Don’t share medicine Drug interactions: tell your doctor about all medication you use Drug allergies and side effects
Pre test true/false 1.Rx drugs can be as dangerous and addictive as heroine. 2.Heroine and crack cocaine are the two most widely abused drugs in the nation. 3.OTC’s carry much less risk of abuse than RX drugs since they don’t require a doctor’s prescription. 4.A daily allergy pill could have lethal effects when taken with another type of medicine. 5.Severe withdrawal symptoms like shaking, vomiting, and hallucinations can occur with RX drug abuse
6. Getting RX drugs online is fine as long as the prescriber identifies themselves as a doctor. 7. If your friend is having a migraine, it is okay to give them one of your RX migraine pills. 8. It is totally legal to carry around RX pills that belong to someone else as long as you don’t attempt to sell them. 9. Breaking up with a boyfriend/girlfriend or stressing out about school to the point where you can’t sleep is a legitimate reason to ask a friend to share anxiety medication with you. 10. Crushing a pill from its tablet form is much more dangerous than taking it whole.
Pharmaceutical Drug Abuse RX drug abuse is on the rise in the U.S. across all age groups 1:5 teens report abusing RX drugs that were not prescribed to them 4:10 teens say RX drugs are safer to use than illegal 3:10 teens believe RX pain relievers are not addictive 1/3 of teens say they feel pressure to abuse RX drugs It is illegal to use RX drugs without a valid RX