Presentation on theme: "Prescription & Over-the-Counter Drugs: Get the Facts"— Presentation transcript:
1 Prescription & Over-the-Counter Drugs: Get the Facts Lesson 2-4
2 ObjectivesTSW differentiate between proper use, misuse and abuse of prescription and over-the-counter drugs.TSW correctly read sample labels for prescription and over- the-counter drugs.
3 Health Terms Dosage Food and Drug Administration (FDA) Over-the-counterPrescription
4 IntroTransitionIn your student journals, write about a time you were given a prescription from a doctor for a medicine, or a time you took medicine purchased from a store for a cold, allergies, or other illness. What were your symptoms and how did the medicine help?
5 IntroMotivateWhat are some other medicines you’ve heard of or may have taken?What do all of these drugs have in common?What’s the difference between prescription and over-the- counter drugs?
6 Intro Prescription Drugs Drug gotten legally from a pharmacy with a written prescriptionMay be stronger or have side effectsUsed to treat critical or chronic health conditionOver-the-counter DrugsBought from a drug store or grocery storeUsed to treat symptoms of common illnessesLimited – there are sometimes limits, must be 18 to buyToday you’re going to look at how to use prescription and over-the- counter drugs properly, ways these drugs can be misused and abused, and some of the dangers associated with taking them improperly.
7 Teaching StepsSurveyWhat do you know about how drugs used for medical purpose are classified and regulated?ExplainU.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) – federal agency that determines what drugs are going to be prescription drugs and which ones will be over-the-counter drugsSome start out as prescription drugs then become over-the- counter drugs (Claritin, Zantac)All drugs must be approved by the FDA, shown to be safe and work correctly, and labeled with the proper instructions
9 Teaching Steps Ask and Discuss What are some similarities between two labels?Name of the drug/active ingredient, amount and strength of the drug, instructions of how often and when to takeWhat are some difference between the labels?
10 Teaching Steps Prescription drug label: Person’s name prescribed too Prescribing doctor’s nameQuantity in the containerNumber of refills allowedExpiration dateDrug store contact infoSpecific directionsOver-the-Counter drug label:Uses and symptoms to relievePurpose of the drugWarnings – side effects, who shouldn’t take drug,Amount and timing of dosesOther info – how to storeInactive ingredients
11 Teaching Steps Ask and Discuss Why do you think there are differences between prescription and over-the-counter drug labels?SummarizeOver-the-counter labels – more info because it’s not known who will be taking the drugNot needed in prescription drugs because it’s prescribed for particular person not just anyone
12 Teaching StepsReviewLet’s apply what you’ve already learned about drug misuse and abuse specifically to prescription and over-the-counter drugs.What are all of the ways you can think of that a person might misuse a prescription or over-the-counter drug?Taking more of a drug than suppose toTaking the drug more frequently than suppose toUsing an over-the-counter drug longer than supposeTaking 2 or more drugs at the same timeNot finishing a prescription until its gone
13 Teaching StepsReviewWhat are some ways you can think of that a person might abuse a prescription or over-the-counter drug?Taking a drug when there’s no medical reasonTaking a drug to get highTaking a drug that was prescribed for someone elseObtaining a prescription drug with a doctor’s orderGetting multiple prescriptions from different doctors or pharmaciesUsing drugs with alcohol or other illegal drugs
14 Teaching Steps Summarize Drug Misuse: Over-the-counter drugs – people believe taking more or taking more often will lead to symptoms to stop (WRONG!!!)Prescription drugs – forgetting to take dose or stop taking once symptoms get betterMajor difference abuse and misuse – intent and how habitually a person misuses any kind of drug addiction
15 Teaching Steps Create and Share Create a list as many reasons people might misuse or abuse prescription and over-the-counter drugs as you can think of in 1 minute.
16 ClosureCloseWhat’s the most important thing that you learned today to help you avoid misusing or abusing prescription or over-the- counter drugs?