Presentation on theme: "Welcome to London FORWARDУрок английского языка в 8 классе Лицей №1537, СВАО Учитель Музланова Елена Сергеевна 15-03-06."— Presentation transcript:
Welcome to London FORWARDУрок английского языка в 8 классе Лицей №1537, СВАО Учитель Музланова Елена Сергеевна 15-03-06
London is the capital of the UK Its population is about 8 and a half million London is the capital and the largest city of the UK. Its population is about 8 and a half million. London is the country’s main industrial and financial centre. London is one of the largest ports in the UK. London is one of the largest ports in the UK. It is linked with all parts of the country by roads and railways. Besides, London is a great educational and cultural centre. Main information
Traditionally London is divided into several parts: the City, Westminster, the West End and the East End.
The City The heart of London is the City, its financial and business centre. The heart of London is the City, its financial and business centre. Few people live here, but over a million come to the City to work. There are a lot of banks, offices and firms there, There are a lot of banks, offices and firms there, including the Bank of England, the Stock Exchange and the Old Bailey.
The Tower of London For many centuries the Tower has been a fortress. The City is famous for its oldest part, the Tower of London, which was founded by Julius Caesar and rebuilt in the 11th century by William the Conqueror. For many centuries the Tower has been a fortress. But at various periods of history it was also used as a Royal Palace, a prison, a royal treasury, a mint, an arsenal, a Royal observatory and even a Royal Zoo. It is now a museum of arms and armour. Test
the Tower of London contains the Crown Jewels. As one of the strongest fortresses in Britain, the Tower of London contains the Crown Jewels. The Crown Jewels are mostly post-Cromwellian though the oldest objects survive from previous centuries. The Imperial State Crown (1838) contains the Black Prince’s ruby. The Tower Of London
The Ravens are also a part of its history. The Ravens are also a part of its history. There is a legend that if the ravens disappear, the British monarchy will fall. That’s why their wings are cut back and they are carefully guarded. «Beefeaters» The Tower is guarded by the famous «Beefeaters» in the picturesque uniforms. The Tower Of London
St. Paul’s Cathedral St. Paul’s Cathedral designed by Sir Christopher Wren in the 17th century St. Paul’s Cathedral designed by Sir Christopher Wren in the 17th century is one of the most famous churches in the world. It took Sir Christopher Wren 35 years to build this masterpiece. It is a beautiful building with many columns and towers. The magnificent classical structure is crowned by the dome. Test
There are many memorials in the Cathedral including those to heroes such as Wellington and Nelson. Inside the dome there are scenes from the life of St. Paul. Here too is the famous Whispering Gallery, where the words whispered into the stone wall can be heard right round the other side. There are many memorials in the Cathedral including those to heroes such as Wellington and Nelson. St. Paul’s Cathedral
The Palace of Westminster houses the Houses of Parliament.The Clock Tower is known as “Big Ben”. Westminster is now the political centre of London. The Palace of Westminster is among the world’s most famous buildings. It houses the British Parliament and is often called the Houses of Parliament. The Clock Tower of the Houses of Parliament is famous for its big hour bell, known as “Big Ben”. Westminster Big Ben Test
Big Ben Why Big Ben? Why Big Ben? There are two answers – either can be chosen. It could have been named after Sir Benjamin Hall, chief commissioner of works at the time. Or, perhaps, it was named by workmen who brought the bell from Whitechapel Foundry on a cart pulled by 16 white horses. Their hero of the day was Benjamin Caunt, a 17 stone prize fighter. Test
Opposite the Houses of Parliament there is Westminster Abbey In the Poet’s Corner one can find the tombs of Byron, T. S. Eliot and others. Opposite the Houses of Parliament there is Westminster Abbey where from the Norman times British monarchs have been crowned and later buried. Many other famous people are also buried in Westminster Abbey including statesmen, musicians and writers. In the Poet’s Corner one can find the tombs of Byron, T. S. Eliot and others. the Poet’s Corner the Poet’s Corner Westminster Abbey Test
Poets’ Corner Some of the great writers of the past 150 years are commemorated by floor-plaques in Poets’ Corner.
Around Whitehall Many government buildings, including 10 Downing Street, the official residence of Prime Ministers for more than 250 years, are nearby. No. 10, with the most photographed door in the world, is guarded outside by a single policeman. In 1990, for security reasons, a pair of gates was erected at the end of the street. Test
Buckingham Palace Buckingham Palace is the official residence of the Queen Buckingham Palace is the official residence of the Queen. the Changing of the Guard London’s most popular spectacle is the Changing of the Guard. It takes place in the forecourt and lasts about 30 minutes. Test
The West End It’s the richest and most beautiful part of London. The West End is the name given to the area of central London which includes the main shopping areas of Oxford Street, Regent Street and Bond Street, and the entertainment centres of Soho, Piccadilly Circus and Leicester Square. It’s the richest and most beautiful part of London. The best hotels, shops and restaurants, clubs and theatres are situated there. The West End Test
Trafalgar Square Trafalgar Square is considered to be the geographical centre of London. Trafalgar Square, which is also in the West End, is considered to be the geographical centre of London. It was laid out in memory of Lord Nelson’s great victory of 1805 in the Battle of Trafalgar. Nelson’s Column Nelson’s Column in the middle of the square commemorates this national hero, who died during the battle. Test
Museums and Galleries the National Gallery the British Museum There are a lot of museums and galleries in London. On the north side of Trafalgar Square there is the National Gallery, one of the finest art galleries in the world. The biggest museum in London is the British Museum. It contains a priceless collection of ancient manuscripts, coins, sculptures and is famous for its library. Test
The Parks of London St James’s Park, Green Park, Hyde Park, Kensington Gardens and Regent’s Park The Royal Parks of London – St James’s Park, Green Park, Hyde Park, Kensington Gardens and Regent’s Park – are London’s lungs.
The East End The East End covers a wide area to the east of the City The East End covers a wide area to the east of the City and is quite different from the other parts of London. There are many warehouses and factories producing clothes there. It is also one of those areas of London where working class people live It is also one of those areas of London where working class people live. PRACTICE
Check yourself What can you find in the City? a) Westminster Abbey b) St.Paul’s Cathedral c) the Houses of ParliamentWestminster Abbey St.Paul’s Cathedral the Houses of Parliament The richest and the most beautiful part of London is…. a) the City b) the East End c) the West Endthe Citythe East Endthe West End The geographical centre of London is … a) Buckingham Palace b) Trafalgar Square c) Picagilly CircusBuckingham PalaceTrafalgar SquarePicagilly Circus The Tower of London is …. a) a fortress b) a prison c) a minta fortressa prisona mint St. Paul’s Cathedral was designed by … a) William the Conqueror b) Sir Cristopher Wren c) Julius CaesarWilliam the ConquerorSir Cristopher WrenJulius Caesar Westminster Abbey is famous for … a) the Whispering Gallery b) the Poets’ Corner c) the ravensthe Whispering Gallerythe Poets’ Cornerthe ravens
Check yourself The Prime Minister lives at …. a) 10 Downing Street b) 11 Downing Street c) 10 Oxford Street10 Downing Street11 Downing Street10 Oxford Street The famous ceremony that takes place every day in the forecourt of Buckingham Palace is called … a) Trooping the Colour b) Changing the Guard c) the Ceremony of KeysTrooping the ColourChanging the Guardthe Ceremony of Keys On the north side of Trafalgar Square there is … a) The British Museum b) the National Gallery c) the National History MuseumThe British Museum the National Gallerythe National History Museum What can you find in the West End? a) Leicester Square b) The Bank of England c) the Tower of LondonLeicester SquareThe Bank of Englandthe Tower of London
Answer the questions What’s the population of London? Traditionally London is divided into several parts. What are they? What do you know about the City? Who founded the Tower of London? What is the Tower of London famous for? Who designed St. Paul’s Cathedral? What can you see in St. Paul’s Cathedral? What is Westminster Abbey famous for? Where is the official residence of the Queen? Why does Buckingham Palace attract so many tourists? What historic event does Trafalgar Square commemorate? What is there in the middle of Trafalgar Square? What museums and galleries are there in London? What is the difference between the West End and the East End? What places in London would you like to visit and why?
the Fill in the where necessary ____(1) ____(2) ____(3)____(4) ____(5)____(6) ____(7)____(8) ____(9)____(10) ____(11) ____(12)____(13) ____(14) Traditionally ____(1) London is divided into several parts: ____(2) City, ____(3) Westminster, ____(4) West End and ____(5) East End. The two main sights of ____(6) City are ____(7) St. Paul’s Cathedral and ____(8) Tower of London. ____(9) Westminster is the political centre of ____(10) London. Here you can see ____(11) Houses of Parliament, ____(12) Westminster Abbey and ____(13) Buckingham Palace, which is the official residence of ____(14) Queen. ____(15) ____(16)____(17) ____(18) ____(19)____(20) ____(15) West End includes the main shopping areas of ____(16) Oxford Street and ____(17) Regent Street, and the entertainment centres of ____(18) Piccadilly Circus and ____(19) Leicester Square. It’s ____(20) richest and most beautiful part of the capital. Check
Check yourself ____ the ____ thethe the ____ the ____ ____ the ________ the Traditionally ____ London is divided into several parts: the City, ____ Westminster, the West End and the East End. The two main sights of the City are ____ St. Paul’s Cathedral and the Tower of London. ____ Westminster is the political centre of ____ London. Here you can see the Houses of Parliament, ____ Westminster Abbey and ____ Buckingham Palace, which is the official residence of the Queen. The ____ ____ ________ the The West End includes the main shopping areas of ____ Oxford Street and ____ Regent Street, and the entertainment centres of ____ Piccadilly Circus and ____ Leicester Square. It’s the richest and most beautiful part of the capital.
Write the following letter in full sentences. Use the present forms. Dear Mike, I / write / you / London. I / be / here / a week / and / I / enjoy myself / very much. So far / I see / most of / important historic places. I usually / spend / several hours every day/ in museums and galleries. The hotel / I stay / be lovely / but it/ be very expensive. So I / plan / move / cheaper one / rest / my stay. Tomorrow / I take / trip through Kent / which I /look forward to. I hope / you be/ OK. See you soon, Victor
Thank you for the lesson Your hometask: Imagine you’re staying in London. Write a letter to your English friend. Tell him/her what places you have already visited and what places your are going to see soon. Suggest a time when you can meet in London. Write between 100-120 words. Good-bye.