Presentation on theme: "Status of GHS Implementation In Malaysia Ministry of Interntional"— Presentation transcript:
1Status of GHS Implementation In Malaysia Ministry of Interntional BySri Ram LetchimananMinistry of InterntionalTrade & Industry
2OUTLINE Why is GHS important GHS Implementation in Malaysia (Roadmap) UNITAR-GHS ProjectImpact of GHS in MalaysiaChallenges of GHS Implementation
3Why is GHS Important Before GHS After GHS Laws and regulations similar and yet differences are significant enough to cause confusionDifferent labels or SDS for the same product in different countriesDifferent definitions of hazards, e.g. a chemical may be considered flammable in one country, but not in another.Laws to include GHS elements understood and practiced all over the worldOne labelling and SDS criteria practiced internationallyOne definition of hazards information, acceptable
4Malaysia’s Chemicals Industry Sub-sectors Source: MITIStructure of Chemicals IndustryChemicals & Chemical ProductsPetroleum Products & PetrochemicalsAgricultural chemicals, pesticides & fertilizersSoap, detergents, cosmetic & toiletry preparationsInorganicchemicalsIndustrial gasesPaints, varnishesOleo-chemicalsPlastic ProductsOrganic ChemicalsPlasticresins
5GHS “Setup” in Malaysia IndustrialWorkplace(DOSH)Pesticides(PB)Transport(MOT)ConsumerProducts(MDTCC)GHS National Coordinating Committee(NCCGHS)GHS Technical Working Group (TWGGHS)
6GHS “Setup” in Malaysia (continued) Project Coordination Committee (PCC)Chaired by: MITIFacilitate and coordinate all activities under the projectPreparation of PCC meetingsPresent overall progress of the project in PCCPrepare periodic status reportNational CoordinatorFinancial Official: MITI (Finance)Approve and sign all financial statements and budget requests associated with the project
7GHS Implementation In Malaysia Malaysia is committed to GHS implementation;Currently reviewing and ensuring the existing laws and legislations pertaining to the control chemical substances, in the related sectors are in line with the GHS implementation as introduced in the “Purple Book”;Identified and addressing sectoral issues (situational and gap analysis) ;Organized training and capacity building programs for parties involved in control of chemical substances in each sector; andIncreasing awareness on the benefits of regulatory harmonization
8GHS Implementation Roadmap in Malaysia The GHS Implementation Roadmap for Malaysia (MyGHS) was established in 2010A total number of 8 strategies and 19 action plans have been identified in the MyGHS Roadmap.Out of the 8 strategies, 1 of the strategies is cross sectoral strategy, whereas other strategies are focusing on industrial workplace (i.e. 3 strategies), agriculture (i.e. 1 strategy), transport (i.e. 2 strategies) and consumer (i.e. 1 strategy).The implementation of MyGHS Roadmap involved participation of all stakeholders, including government, private sector, NGOs, professional bodies, research institutes and academia.
9GHS Implementation Roadmap ST1 (cross sectoral strategy): Enhance capacity of the National Coordinating Committee on the implementation of GHS (NCCGHS)No.Action PlansLead agencyCollaborating agenciesStatusAP1To establish a Group of Resource Person on GHS (GRPGHS)MITIDOSH, IKM, LESTARIHave been established in Sept 2011 (completed)AP2To establish a Technical Working Group on Establishing an Integrated Chemical Database (TWGCD)DOE, DOSH, IKM, LESTARIHave established an e-Technical Working Group in April 2012 however the latter is underwayAP3To enhance cooperation between the NCCGHS and the National Committee on the Management of Environmentally Hazardous Substances (NCMEHS) towards a sound chemicals management in MalaysiaNREIn progress
10GHS Implementation Roadmap ST2 (Industrial Workplace): Strengthen upstream chemical safety requirements at industrial workplaceNo.Action PlansLead agencyCollaborating agenciesStatusAP4To establish common definitions related to GHSDOSHDOEHave merged some of CPL into CLASS 201XAP5To incorporate GHS provisions into Occupational Safety and Health (Classification, Packaging and Labelling of Hazardous Chemicals) Regulations 1997 (CPL 1997)Proposal of CLASS 201x in final stages with Attorney General’s officeAP6To incorporate GHS provisions into the Occupational Safety and Health (Use and Standards of Exposure of Chemicals Hazardous to Health) Regulations 2000 (USECHH 2000)In progress
11GHS Implementation Roadmap ST3 (Industrial Workplace): Facilitate data generation for chemicalsNo.Action PlansLead agencyCollaborating agenciesStatusAP7To ensure data reliability (e.g. establish guidelines to obtain reliable data from various databases)DOSHDOEHeld workshop completed in May 2012AP8To maintain the list of SAMM accredited laboratories and GLP Compliant Testing Facilities in the field of chemical and toxicity testing.Standards MalaysiaIKM, SIRIM BerhadIn progress
12GHS Implementation Roadmap ST4 (Industrial Workplace): Enhance awareness and capacities of industrial workersNo.Action PlansLead agencyCollaborating agenciesStatusAP9To amend GHS training modules by incorporating elements of the CLASS regulation (that will replace CPL 1997)DOSHCICM, NIOSH, LESTARIIn ProgressAP10Training of trainersNIOSHDOSH, CICMIn progressAP11Sustainability of the training course
13GHS Implementation Roadmap ST5 (Agriculture): Enhance preparedness for GHS implementation in agriculture sectorNo.Action PlansLead agencyCollaborating agenciesStatusAP12Identify possible amendments on the requirements for pesticide classification and labelling based on available WHO and FAO guidelinesPBMCPAIn planning with WHO. No indication on completion yetAP13GHS capacity building for upstream personnelIn the stage of identifying personnel and reporting by year end 2013
14GHS Implementation Roadmap ST6 (Transport): Adopting the latest version of the UNRTDG in transport sectorNo.Action PlansLead agencyCollaborating agenciesStatusAP14Enhance capacities and capabilities of port authorities and port operatorsMOTMDM, Port authorities and port operatorsDiscussions have been planned and expected for reporting by year end 2013AP15Enhance transport safety of dangerous goods by road and railLand Public Transport Commission (SPAD), RTD, DORDiscussions are still underway and expected to be reported by year end 2013
15GHS Implementation Roadmap ST7 (Transport): Enhance GHS implementation at areas that relate to transport sectorNo.Action PlansLead agencyCollaborating agenciesStatusAP16Reduce the risks of chemicals in transit that are stored at bonded warehouseCustomsDOSHOngoing enforcement at warehouseAP17Enhance safety of customs officers, and other related officers at the custom ports.-Custom officers on duty are well briefedAP18Enhance capability of emergency responders in addressing chemical accidentsBOMBAInitiated for BOMBA to give seminars
16GHS Implementation Roadmap ST8 (Consumer): Enhance preparedness for GHS implementation in consumer sectorNo.Action PlansLead agencyCollaborating agenciesStatusAP19To carry out Comprehensibility Testing (CT) and Situation and Gap Analysis (SGA) for consumer sectorMDTCCLESTARIOngoing
17Training and Capacity Building for the Implementation of GHS in Malaysia
18GHS Training SessionsThe GHS advanced training sessions were held on September 2011 (Session 1) and September 2011 (Session 2).A total number of 195 participants have completed the training sessions. It comprises about 90 agencies/companies.
19GHS ImpleTraining Sessions After the training sessions were held in 2011, 10 GHS trainers have been identified (i.e. GHS trainers), i.e. 6 representatives from DOSH, 2 representatives from NIOSH, 1 representative from SIRIM and 1 representative from LESTARI.In 2012, 5 training sessions were held in different regions and each training session comprises GHS awareness seminar and GHS advanced training course.
20GHS Training SessionsA total number of 543 participants have completed the GHS basic training whereas 396 participants have completed the GHS advanced training. It comprises about 174 agencies/companies.
21GHS Awareness Materials GHS Awareness Seminar:Session 1: Introduction to GHS (by NIOSH)Session 2: GHS implementation in Malaysia (by MITI)Session 3: Importance of GHS to the industry (by CICM)Session 4: GHS toolkit (by SIRIM)Session 5: CPL vs GHS-Malaysia supplier perspectives (by DOSH)Session 6: Legislative GHS requirement in Malaysia-CLASS regulations (by DOSH)GHS Advanced Training Course:Session 1: Classification and communication of chemical hazards (UKM)Session 2: Environmental hazard classification criteria for substances and mixtures (SIRIM)Session 3: Practicing environmental hazards classification (SIRIM)Session 4: Physical hazard classification criteria for substances and mixtures (NIOSH)Session 5: Practicing physical hazards classification (NIOSH)Session 6: Health hazard classification criteria for substances and mixtures (DOSH)Session 7: Practicing health hazards classification (DOSH)
34GHS Awareness Material The booklets have been distributed to some of the schools students :
35Impact of GHS In Malaysia Industrial WorkplaceGHS in Work placeA safer work environment throughconsistent and comprehensiblesystem of chemical hazardscommunications and practices forsafe handling and use;Improved relations with employees;One standard hence avoids duplication of testing and evaluating chemicals and chemical mixturesA new regulation based on GHS principles Occupational Safety and Health (Chemicals Classification, Labeling and Safety Data Sheet) Regulations 201X (CLASS) is going to be implement by end of 2013.Malaysian Standard on GHS-Specification for Classification, Labelling and Formulation of Safety Data Sheet for Chemical Products in 2008 (MS1804:2008)DOSH has translated the GHS Purple Book into Bahasa Malaysia (3rd revised edition)
36Impact of GHS In Malaysia (contd.) Transport SectorGHS in TransportSafer transport of chemicals, with common signals and precautionary statementAvoids duplication of testing and evaluating chemicals and chemical mixturesFacilitates international trade at ports of entryGHS pictograms are similar to UNRTDG pictogramsCivil Aviation Act 1969 [Act 3]Civil Aviation Regulations 1996Road Transport Act 1987 [Act 333]Merchant Shipping Ordinance 1952Railway Act 1991 [Act 463]Carriage of Goods By Sea Act 1950 [Act 527]UN Recommendations on the Transport of Dangerous Goods, (UNRTDG)
37Impact of GHS In Malaysia (contd.) Agricultural sectorGHS in AgricultureBy incorporation into international agreements, e.g.FAO Pesticide Labelling Guideline (not yet in line with GHS)Updated WHO classification that already in line with GHSPesticide labels remain the primary communication tool with the farmer on safe and effective handlingprovide clear and transparent messages on health and safetyInformation transfer via label and SDSAlign with other guidelines such as FAO International Code of Conduct on the Distribution and Use of PesticidesPesticides (Labelling) Regulations 1984Label wording must be consistent, clear and applicable to local use
38Impact of GHS In Malaysia (contd.) Consumer sectorGHS for consumerConsumer Protection Act 1999Different and inadequate labelling of consumer productsLabel provides important source of information for consumers on the chemical hazards involved.GHS- harmonised hazard communication elements (pictograms, signal words and hazard statements)
39Challenges of GHS Implementation Legal ChallengesRecommendationsReview/Amendment of regulations and law takes timeMore resources needed/ expertise (for legal review)Dependent on international regulatory development and guidelines( e.g. FAO Guidelines on Labelling of Pesticides)Adopt and adapt GHS to local needs ( do not reinvent the wheel)To leverage on the existing infrastructures and systems, and the strengthsto synergize GHS with other initiatives relating to chemicals management (Environmental Hazardous Substance Scheme, Multilateral Environmental Agreements, MEAs)
40Challenges of GHS Implementation Technical ChallengesRecommendationsMore experts needed to classify chemicals and competent and translatorMore trainers to train the industry players and regulatorsToo many precautionary statementsCapacity-buildingLack of technical experts within the regionAcceptable database on chemicals – like OECD to come up with a web Portal on chemicalsTo step up training and capacity building under the UNITAR project fundingEngage the assistance of ASEAN partnersInformation sharing– through a help desk from industry, print materials and electronic media.Require supplier to provide reports on chemicals.List of chemicals – for monitoring.Continuing support from UNITAR.Need for multinationals to be on-board –added value.Cooperation with industry organization and association.
41Challenges of GHS Implementation Implementation ChallengeRecommendationsEngaging stakeholder – different stakeholdersDevelop a national policyRoad Map – promoting GHSProvide incentives or matching grantsMNCs to spearhead the implementation of GHS( mentor/mentee)Process of classification – different sets of dataAdditional resources needed (financial and manpower)Different building blocks – by different countriesNeed for guidelines to consider it as mixtures or as a separate classificationCommitment from all the stakeholder
42Challenges of GHS Implementation Dissemination ChallengeRecommendationsNeed to reach out to Small & Medium Companies.Website – regular updates on GHSKnowledge and awareness, generally lacking & need further enhancement within government, - especially for policy makers.MITI continue to engage with other government agencies, civil society and industry to promote GHS in Malaysia through the print and electronic media.To coordinate training:> GHS Awareness Seminars,> GHS advanced trainings
43CONCLUSIONGHS can lead to Harmonization; allow recognition of GHS prior to formal commencement; more reach-out programme to be organized;Efforts have been made to introduce A Malaysian Standard by SIRIM and new regulation based on GHS is in the pipeline by DOSH;GHS has been planned to be implemented for industrical chemicals and will be extended to other sectors;Goods get faster clearance at ports especially for movements of shipment and transshipments goods;
44MINISTRY OF INTERNATIONAL TRADE THANK YOUMINISTRY OF INTERNATIONAL TRADEAND INDUSTRYMALAYSIA