alliteration Repetition of consonantsounds at the beginning of words The s limy, s lithering s nake s nuck across the s alty s ea coast.
foreshadowing A technique the playwright uses to provide clues or hints about something that will happen later in the story When Ruth Jones's alarm clock woke her at seven o'clock that morning, she had no idea that today would be the longest day of her life.
imagery Words that appeal to the 5 senses : sight sound touch taste smell
allusion A reference to a mythological, literary, or historical person place, or thing
similes & metaphors simile : comparison of two unlike things using “like” or “as” metaphor : a DIRECT comparison of two unlike things http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=G1c6zF9aJxs&f eature=related http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=G1c6zF9aJxs&f eature=related
personification Giving human qualities to inanimate (lifeless) objects or nonhuman things As soon as the panda began singing “Kung-Fu Fighting,” all the chipmunks started break dancing in the trees. panda = singing chipmunks = dancing
rhyming couplet 2 back-to-back lines of poetry that rhyme Shakespeare ends all of his sonnets with a couplet Shakespeare ends most of the scenes of his plays with a rhyming couplet
sonnet A 14 line poem that has a structured rhythm and rhyme scheme Rhythm : iambic pentameter Rhyme scheme : Ababcdcdefefgg
aside A quick comment made by a character that is directed at the audience, but is not heard by the other characters onstage Frequently used to provide information to the audience and to reveal private thoughts of characters http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=iO2S irSH7Rg
oxymoron (oxymora) Two consecutive words that have contradictory meaning Examples: a little big an educated guess awfully good pretty ugly jumbo shrimp
paradox A statement that seems contradictory, but upon closer inspection, it actually makes perfect sense. Examples: Don’t go near the water until you have learned how to swim. "Some day you will be old enough to start reading fairy tales again." (C.S. Lewis to his godchild, to whom he dedicated The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe)
tone The author’s voice or attitude heard through the text Developed through: Characters’ actions Characters’ speech Characters’ thoughts Stage directions Pacing of events…fast or slow… Examples: fearful; angry; happy
mood The way the reader feels while reading the text Examples: Depressing Anxious Scary
symbol a particular object that represents an idea larger than itself http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uwE_ai5zyOg
hyperbole Hyperbole: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EAt36- EqHIE&feature=related http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BjJbuwwlk nk
Dramatic irony… The audience knows information the characters in the play, movie, or story do not know Example : In a scary movie, when the audience knows the character is about to die, but the character does not know http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4sFkcyNxOJ M http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4sFkcyNxOJ M
situational irony When the outcome of a story or situation is opposite of what was expected Examples: A firehouse burns down A teacher is caught cheating A policeman gets a DUI A man steps aside to avoid getting sprinkled by a wet, shaking dog, only to accidentally fall into a swimming pool
Comic Relief A technique a playwright uses to lighten the mood. Usually, a funny scene follows a stressful one. Example: In Act 1, Romeo and Benvolio have a deep, heartfelt talk about how Romeo is depressed that Rosaline doesn’t love him. In the next scene, the Nurse blabs about Juliet having sex, a rooster’s testicle, and how sexy Paris is - all to lighten the mood!
Tragic Hero & Tragic Flaw Tragic Hero: a literary character who makes an error of judgment or has a fatal flaw that, combined with fate and external forces, brings on a tragedy Tragic Flaw: the character defect that causes the downfall of the protagonist of a tragedy
Leonidas: Leader of the Spartan Army…too proud??? Movie: 300
Tragedy Tragedy: Drama where the main character(s) suffer disaster or great misfortune (often death ) In many tragedies, downfall results from: Fate (something that was destined to happen) A character flaw (tragic flaw) A combination of the flaw and fate