2Alliteration Repetition of consonant sounds at beginning of words. Act I, scene iii:Juliet says, “I’ll look to like, if looking liking move.”
3Allusion Reference to a literary or historical character or event Act I, scene i:Romeo alludes to Cupid and Diana from Roman mythology
4AntagonistA character or force in conflict with a main character.
5An apostropheCharacter speaks to a person or idea that isn’t or can’t be presentAct III, scene iii:Nurse says, “O, Tybalt, Tybalt, the best friend I had!(He’s dead)
6Aside Lines spoken by an actor to himself or directly to the audience. Act III, scene 5: Juliet responds to Lady Capulet, “Villain and he be many miles asunder.”
7Comic relief Humor inserted into the play to break a serious mood Act V, scene 5: Conversation between Peter and themusicians.
8Dramatic IronyWhen a character’s words or actions have one meaning for the character and a different meaning for the audience or reader.Act III: Juliet’s despair is interpreted by her father as sadness for Tybalt’s death when in fact she is in despair over Romeo’s banishment.
9FoilA character that highlights or brings out the personality traits of another character in the play.Act I, scene 1 Benvolio, who tries to quiet the brawling servants, is a foil to the fiery Tybalt. Also, his calm and sensible disposition is a foil to the moody and emotional Romeo.
10Foreshadowing: Use of clues to suggest what is going to happen. Prologue at the beginning of the play describe the lovers as “star-crossed”
12metaphor Compares too dissimilar things. Act II, scene ii: Romeo says, “Juliet is the sun!”
13MonologueA lengthy speech delivered by a character and is addressed to other characters in the play, not the audience.Act I, scene 4: Mercutio’s speech to Romeo about Queen Mab,Act III: Friar Lawrence’s speech to Romeo about being fortunate
14Oxymoron- Description that contains a self-contradiction. Juliet says to Romeo, “Parting is such sweet sorrow…”Damned saintHonorable villain
15Personification Object is given human or animal characteristics Act II, “Arise, fair sun, and kill the envious moon who already sick and pale with grief…”
16PrologueBrief opening section of the play spoken by a single actor called “the chorus”Welcomes the audience and gives them a taste of the story.
18PunA play on the multiple meanings of a work, or on two words that sound alike but have different meanings.Romeo and his friend Mercutio clown around a the start of the playRomeo and Mercutio trade wits in a series of more sophisticated punsSome are barely understandable today
19Rites of passageRomeo discovers the difference between infatuation and loveJuliet realizes there is more to life than being a dutiful daughter
20simile Compares two different terms using like or as. Act II, scene ii:Romeo watches Juliet from afar. Romeo says, “For thou art as glorious to this night, being o’er my head, as if a winged messenger of heaven.”
21SoliloquyA long speech delivered by a character alone on stage to let the audience know what the character is thinking and feeling.
22TragedyA drama in which events turn out disastrously for the main characters, often resulting in death.
23Tragic flawThe weakness in the tragic hero, which leads to their downfall.Romeo’s tragic flaw could be reacting without thinking– impulsiveness.