Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Shared Fate & Adopted Adolescent Adjustment: Implications for Acknowledging Racial & Ethnic Difference Kayla N. Anderson, M.A. Martha A. Rueter, Ph.D.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "Shared Fate & Adopted Adolescent Adjustment: Implications for Acknowledging Racial & Ethnic Difference Kayla N. Anderson, M.A. Martha A. Rueter, Ph.D."— Presentation transcript:

1 Shared Fate & Adopted Adolescent Adjustment: Implications for Acknowledging Racial & Ethnic Difference Kayla N. Anderson, M.A. Martha A. Rueter, Ph.D. Richard M. Lee, Ph.D. Oh Myo Kim, Ph.D. University of Minnesota, USA

2 Overview This Study! Shared Fate Overview Study Goals

3 What is the Goal? Shared Fate Race & Ethnicity Child Adjustment

4 Shared Fate Theory (Kirk, 1964) Acknowledging > rejecting differences for adoptee adjustment Shared Fate = empathy & creating mutual bonds

5 Shared Fate: Racial & Ethnic Differences (Kirk, 1984; Kim et al., 2013; Shiao & Tuan, 2008) Shared Fate ≠ Cultural Socialization Family identity -> multiracial and/or multicultural AcknowledgeRejectionDiscrepant

6 Study Improvements Where’s Shared Fate? Where’s the Family? What happens when family members don’t agree?

7 What We Did…. Shared fate (racial & ethnic differences) -> adolescent adjustment Where’s the …. ??Our Solution Shared Fate?- Acknowledging differences = Shared Fate Family?- Family observational measure - Multiple children in family Ability to disagree?- Coded for discrepancies within families

8 Study Participants Subset of Sibling Interaction & Behavior Study: 111 families with 222 adolescents Both parents White Answered race/ethnicity ??? ≥ 1 Korean adoptee in family

9 Study Procedures Observational Measures Self-Report Measures Shared FateAdolescent adjustment ?? About Race & Ethnicity Coded transcripts Adolescent self-report

10 Study Measures Shared Fate Adolescent adjustment Adoption Status AcknowledgeDelinquent Behavior Inventory (Gibson, 1967) Control variable Rejectionα =.891 = not adopted Discrepant2 = adopted

11 Data Analysis Nested ANCOVAs Nested data  Shared Family Variance Adolescents = individual cases

12 % of Families by Shared Fate Category 62 families: 56% 26 families: 23%

13 Differences in Delinquency by Shared Fate Category

14 Nested ANCOVA Results Comparisons between groups: Acknowledging differences < discrepant delinquent behaviors, η p 2 = -3.92, p =.004. Rejection of differences < discrepant delinquent behaviors, η p 2 = -2.28, p =.039. Acknowledging = rejection of differences. Shared Fate  adolescent delinquent behavior, F(2, 100) = 4.45, p =.014.

15 Conclusions Adoption status < important than family context? Discrepant views of differences = poorer adjustment (other two groups) Shared fate (race & ethnicity)  adolescent externalizing behavior

16 Future Directions replication Include discrepancies Other adoptee populations Shared fate  non-adoptive members How to reach shared fate?

17 Acknowledgements & Funding: Data provided by: Minnesota Center for Twin & Family Research Funding provided by: National Institute of Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism [AA11886] National Institute of Mental Health [MH066140, MH070740] Minnesota Agricultural Experiment Station Contact: Kayla Anderson:

18 References Gibson, H.B. (1967). Self-reported delinquency among schoolboys and their attitudes to the police. British Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 6, Kim, O.M., Reichwald, R., & Lee, R.M. (2013). Cultural socialization in families with adopted Korean adolescents: A mixed-method, multi- informant study. Journal of Adolescent Research, 28(1), Kirk, H.D. (1964). Shared fate: A theory of adoption and mental health. London: Free Press. Kirk, H.D. (1984). Shared fate (Rev. ed.). WA: Ben-Simon. Shiao, J. L. & Tuan, M. H. (2008). Shared fates in Asian transracial adoption. In A. Grant-Thomas & G. Orfield (Eds), Twenty-first Century Color Lines: Multiracial Change in Contemporary America (pp ), Philadelphia, PA: Temple University Press.


Download ppt "Shared Fate & Adopted Adolescent Adjustment: Implications for Acknowledging Racial & Ethnic Difference Kayla N. Anderson, M.A. Martha A. Rueter, Ph.D."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google