Presentation on theme: "Shared Fate & Adopted Adolescent Adjustment: Implications for Acknowledging Racial & Ethnic Difference Kayla N. Anderson, M.A. Martha A. Rueter, Ph.D."— Presentation transcript:
Shared Fate & Adopted Adolescent Adjustment: Implications for Acknowledging Racial & Ethnic Difference Kayla N. Anderson, M.A. Martha A. Rueter, Ph.D. Richard M. Lee, Ph.D. Oh Myo Kim, Ph.D. University of Minnesota, USA
Overview This Study! Shared Fate Overview Study Goals
What is the Goal? Shared Fate Race & Ethnicity Child Adjustment
Shared Fate: Racial & Ethnic Differences (Kirk, 1984; Kim et al., 2013; Shiao & Tuan, 2008) Shared Fate ≠ Cultural Socialization Family identity -> multiracial and/or multicultural AcknowledgeRejectionDiscrepant
Study Improvements Where’s Shared Fate? Where’s the Family? What happens when family members don’t agree?
What We Did…. Shared fate (racial & ethnic differences) -> adolescent adjustment Where’s the …. ??Our Solution Shared Fate?- Acknowledging differences = Shared Fate Family?- Family observational measure - Multiple children in family Ability to disagree?- Coded for discrepancies within families
Study Participants Subset of Sibling Interaction & Behavior Study: 111 families with 222 adolescents Both parents White Answered race/ethnicity ??? ≥ 1 Korean adoptee in family
Study Procedures Observational Measures Self-Report Measures Shared FateAdolescent adjustment ?? About Race & Ethnicity Coded transcripts Adolescent self-report
Study Measures Shared Fate Adolescent adjustment Adoption Status AcknowledgeDelinquent Behavior Inventory (Gibson, 1967) Control variable Rejectionα =.891 = not adopted Discrepant2 = adopted
Data Analysis Nested ANCOVAs Nested data Shared Family Variance Adolescents = individual cases
% of Families by Shared Fate Category 62 families: 56% 26 families: 23%
Differences in Delinquency by Shared Fate Category
Nested ANCOVA Results Comparisons between groups: Acknowledging differences < discrepant delinquent behaviors, η p 2 = -3.92, p =.004. Rejection of differences < discrepant delinquent behaviors, η p 2 = -2.28, p =.039. Acknowledging = rejection of differences. Shared Fate adolescent delinquent behavior, F(2, 100) = 4.45, p =.014.
Conclusions Adoption status < important than family context? Discrepant views of differences = poorer adjustment (other two groups) Shared fate (race & ethnicity) adolescent externalizing behavior
Future Directions replication Include discrepancies Other adoptee populations Shared fate non-adoptive members How to reach shared fate?
Acknowledgements & Funding: Data provided by: Minnesota Center for Twin & Family Research Funding provided by: National Institute of Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism [AA11886] National Institute of Mental Health [MH066140, MH070740] Minnesota Agricultural Experiment Station Contact: Kayla Anderson:
References Gibson, H.B. (1967). Self-reported delinquency among schoolboys and their attitudes to the police. British Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 6, Kim, O.M., Reichwald, R., & Lee, R.M. (2013). Cultural socialization in families with adopted Korean adolescents: A mixed-method, multi- informant study. Journal of Adolescent Research, 28(1), Kirk, H.D. (1964). Shared fate: A theory of adoption and mental health. London: Free Press. Kirk, H.D. (1984). Shared fate (Rev. ed.). WA: Ben-Simon. Shiao, J. L. & Tuan, M. H. (2008). Shared fates in Asian transracial adoption. In A. Grant-Thomas & G. Orfield (Eds), Twenty-first Century Color Lines: Multiracial Change in Contemporary America (pp ), Philadelphia, PA: Temple University Press.