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© 2008 Delmar Cengage Learning. Chapter 4 Congress Mark A. Peterson
© 2008 Delmar Cengage Learning. 2 U.S. Congress: A Unique Institution Few other legislatures play such a powerful role when it comes to initiating policy Accords with the “consensus” model of policy making –Interests must bargain with numerous institutional actors in order to achieve positive outcome on any given issue
© 2008 Delmar Cengage Learning. 3 U.S. Congress: A Unique Institution Lack of competing national (unifying) institutions –Tradition of bureaucratic government ensures Congress retains powerful role in policymaking
© 2008 Delmar Cengage Learning. 4 The Changing Face of Congress Party unity/discipline has changed over time –Generally lower than in majoritarian systems House started 20 th century as a highly centralized institution –Power gradually decentralizing over time –Up to the 1990s
© 2008 Delmar Cengage Learning. 5 The Fate of Health Care Reform in Congress-1 National health care reform legislation first introduced (gingerly) by Robert Wagner in 1939 President Truman made health care reform a priority –Further reform attempts were made in the 1970s –Most recently, in 1993-’94
© 2008 Delmar Cengage Learning. 6 The Fate of Health Care Reform in Congress-1 Not a single piece of health care reform legislation ever made it to the stage of debate on the floor of the House or Senate
© 2008 Delmar Cengage Learning. 7 The Fate of Health Care Reform in Congress-2 Despite Democratic majorities in mid-20 th century and party leadership commitment to health care reform –Party cohesion in Congress was low throughout the period
© 2008 Delmar Cengage Learning. 8 The Fate of Health Care Reform in Congress-2 Conservative southern Democrats managed to scuttle reform efforts through the mid-1960s Next, the American Medical Association (AMA) became an obstacle to reform
© 2008 Delmar Cengage Learning. 9 The Fate of Health Care Reform in Congress-2 Newer groups such as the National Federation of Independent Business (NFIB) led interest group opposition to health care reform legislation over time
© 2008 Delmar Cengage Learning. 10 Presidential Strategy and Health Care Reform President Clinton waited too long to unveil reform plan –Too close to the midterm elections Ordering of process also proved faulty –Administration hoped to prevail in the House before moving on to the Senate but this did not work
© 2008 Delmar Cengage Learning. 11 Presidential Strategy and Health Care Reform Lengthy (secretive) process of formulating reform plan gave interest groups time to galvanize members against it Intensity of opposition generated greater than expected enthusiasm among natural allies
© 2008 Delmar Cengage Learning. 12 Chapter 4 Summary Congress is unique among the legislatures of the world Structural profile of Congress has changed significantly over time
© 2008 Delmar Cengage Learning. 13 Chapter 4 Summary Congress has often served as the graveyard of health care reform legislation Clinton health care reform package died largely as a result of poor legislative strategy
© 2008 Delmar Cengage Learning. Chapter 5 The Presidency David Blumenthal and James Morone.
American Government and Organization PS1301 Monday, 23 February.
Pearson Education, Inc., Longman © 2006 Chapter 9 Congress American Government: Policy & Politics, Eighth Edition TANNAHILL.
CHAPTER 14 Campaigns and Elections. Learning Objectives Copyright © 2014 Cengage Learning 2 Describe the historical development of the presidential selection.
© 2008 Delmar Cengage Learning. Chapter 14 Medicare: The Great Transformation John Oberlander.
Chapter 13 THEBUREAUCRACY. Learning Outcomes 13.1 Define the concept of bureaucracy, explain the role of organizations on the administration of the nation’s.
AMERICAN GOVERNMENT, 10th edition by Theodore J. Lowi, Benjamin Ginsberg, and Kenneth A. Shepsle Chapter 8: The Federal Courts: Structure and Strategies.
UNIT #3 The Executive Branch CHAPTER #9 The Powers of the Presidency LESSON #3 Presidential Leadership.
The System of Power in the USA.. How does the political system work? * Who is the head of the executive branch in the USA? * Which officials in the USA.
Introducing Government in America. Introduction Politics and government matter. Americans are apathetic about politics and government.
The Organization of Legislative Bodies Centralization 2: Leadership in the Texas Legislature.
Chapter 22 Who Governs? To What Ends?. Copyright © 2011 Cengage Justice is the end of government. It is the end of civil society. It ever has been and.
FRQ Members of Congress are charged with three primary duties — writing laws, overseeing the implementation of laws, and serving the needs of their constituents.
© 2008 Delmar Cengage Learning. Chapter 7 Federalism Frank J. Thompson and James Fossett.
Intro 2 Click the mouse button or press the Space Bar to display the information. Textbook Assignment (pp ) 1)What did Bill Clinton feel the key.
Legislative Branch Vocabulary! 1) Legislative Branch of government that makes laws 2) Bicameral Legislative branch divided into 2 parts with equal power.
Seminar 7. Chapter Overview Chapter 7 provides a basic overview of the problem of uninsurance and health reform attempts to reduce the number of uninsured.
THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES Chapter 5 Section 2.
Chapter 8 Review. Just a reminder…. How people’s concerns become political issues on the policy agenda Parties, elections, interest groups, and.
American Government and Organization PS1301 Thursday, 9 September.
Congress Chapter 12. The Representatives and Senators The Job – Salary of $174,000 with retirement benefits. – Office space in D.C. and at home and staff.
Chapter Seven: Interest Groups and Political Parties.
THE NEW FRONTIER AND THE GREAT SOCIETY THE GREAT SOCIETY.
The Presidency Chapter 13. Presidents Face of the Government Head of State vs. Head of Government Perhaps most powerful person in world but often.
© 2008 Delmar Cengage Learning. Chapter 9 Privatizing Health Politics: The Origins and Enduring Dilemmas of America’s Public-Private Insurance Framework.
Resources⁴ Educators THE PORTAL TO TEXAS HISTORY 1 Democrat vs. Republican Newspaper Narratives Where do you stand.
Chapter 11 Sec. 1 Jackson Era. Election of 1824 John Quincy Adams was elected President in William Crawford, Andrew Jackson, and Henry Clay were.
Chapter 7 Section2 Political and Economic Challenges.
© 2008 Delmar Cengage Learning. Chapter 1 Values in Health Policy: Understanding Fairness and Efficiency Deborah Stone.
1 Chapter 8 Political Parties. 2 Introduction Political Party = a group with common vision that come together to elect officials to public office Introduced.
Speaker of the House – the presiding officer of the House of Rep., selected from the membership. Floor Leader – A spokesperson for a party in Congress;
The Presidency Chapter 13. The Presidents Great Expectations – Americans want a president who is powerful (Washington, Jefferson, Lincoln, Roosevelt and.
PP 620: Public Policy and Health Administration Unit One Seminar Kris R. Foote, J.D., M.P.A., M.S.W. Kaplan University.
The Role of Governors in the National PMP: A Comparative Perspective of Latin American Cases Francisco Monaldi IESA and UCAB Inter-American Development.
Over the break, I will…. Goals: -What is unionization? -What is a demagogue? Main Idea: In 1935 Roosevelt introduced new programs to help unions, the.
Presidential and Congressional Elections November 12, 2007.
Genetics, Privacy and Applied Politics “It is one of the happy incidents of the federal system that a single courageous State may, if its citizens choose,
AMERICAN GOVERNMENT, 10th edition by Theodore J. Lowi, Benjamin Ginsberg, and Kenneth A. Shepsle Chapter 5: Congress: The First Branch.
Policy Makers: Roles and Realities Chapter 4 March 30, 2004.
Objective State the implications of presidential and parliamentary systems on democracy and the policy-making process. Prime Minister Gordon Brown President.
2013 Engineering Deans Council Public Policy Colloquium Tobin Smith Vice President for Policy Association of American Universities February 12, 2013.
Introducing Government Chapter 1 Young people have a low sense of political efficacy—the belief that political participation matters and can make a.
Chapter 2 MAJORITARIAN OR PLURALIST DEMOCRACY?. Learning Outcomes 2.1 Distinguish between the two theories of democratic government used in political.
Chapter Eight Congress. Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved. 8-2 Enduring Questions Are the members of Congress representative of.
CHAPTER 10 NOTES. Elections and Voting Behavior Elections are the process through which power in government changes hands. Such a change is possible because.
The Presidency Chapter 13. The Presidents Great Expectations – Americans want a president who is powerful and who can do good: Washington, Jefferson,
The Changing Role of Political Parties Answer Review.
Chapter 9 NOMINATIONS, ELECTIONS and CAMPAIGNS. Learning Outcomes 9.1 Describe how election campaigns have changed over time 9.2 Explain the procedures.
Lawmaking Process Page 19 What is a volcano? A mountain with hiccups!
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