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Medieval England and France SOL WH1.. England Formerly part of the Roman Empire Settled by many groups of people, including Angles and Saxons Small, isolated.

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Presentation on theme: "Medieval England and France SOL WH1.. England Formerly part of the Roman Empire Settled by many groups of people, including Angles and Saxons Small, isolated."— Presentation transcript:

1 Medieval England and France SOL WH1.

2 England Formerly part of the Roman Empire Settled by many groups of people, including Angles and Saxons Small, isolated island nation Gradually becomes Christian

3 Medieval Europe

4 Crisis Over the Crown 1066 C.E.—King Edward the Confessor died childless Conflict over who was to be King of England

5 Harold Godwinson Earl of Wessex Most powerful noble in England Elected by the nobility and crowned King of England

6 Harold Hardrada Viking warrior King of Norway Claimed Edward’s predecessor had promised him the crown

7 William the Conqueror Duke of Normandy (area of northern France) Claimed he was promised the crown of England by Edward the Confessor Invaded England in 1066 C.E.

8 The Norman Invasion Battle between Harold Hardrada and Harold Godwinson at York—Godwinson wins! Battle of Hastings—William the Conqueror defeats Harold Godwinson and becomes King Blending of French and Anglo-Saxon cultures and language

9 Reforming the Nation William the Conqueror Made every subject swear their loyalty to him Creates an effective system of taxation Henry II Common law—legal system based on custom and court rulings Trial by jury

10 Magna Carta King John of England abused his power and levied heavy taxes = rebellion! 1215 C.E.—King John signed the Magna Carta (Great Charter) Established the Great Council (Parliament), which made all decisions regarding money and taxes Limited royal power

11 France Founded by the Franks—a tribe of farmers and herders from western Europe Elected kings Clovis, King of the Franks conquered Gaul in 486 C.E. Converted to Christianity

12 Age of Charlemagne Conquered much of the old western Roman Empire Named “Holy Roman Emperor” by the Pope The Church becomes a powerful political force

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14 The Carolingian Renaissance Renaissance = rebirth Under Charlemagne, a new age of learning and education emerged Brought scholars from across Europe to the Palace School at Aachen Literature, art, architecture, and the liberal arts flourished

15 Division of France

16 France Charlemagne’s son Louis reunited France 987 C.E. – Hugh Capet is elected King of France Slowly increased territory and royal power

17 The Hundred Year’s War C.E. (116 years) Edward III of England claimed the French crown Mother had been a French princess Fought for control of the English Channel

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19 Joan of Arc 17 year-old French peasant who believed God had sent her to save France Led the French army in battle Served as an inspiration to French troops Captured and burned to death by the English

20 An End to War France Used cannons to defeat the English The death of Joan of Arc rallied the French army Increased nationalism (pride in one’s country) Increased power of the king England The longbow was an efficient weapon early in the war Power shifted toward Parliament Lost all land in France except Calais

21 Pictures - England Medieval England g Edward the Confessor Stained Glass Harold Godwnison Being Crowned Harold Hardrada William the Conqueror English Flag

22 Pictures - France Clovis: zionale_del_castello_e_di_trianons_versailles.gif Charlemagne: Carolingian France Map: Post-Charlemagne France: CWA.152.jpg French Flag : Hundred Years’ War Cartoon: war.gif Hundred Years War Painting: Joan of Arc Statue, New Orleans: Personal Photograph


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