“For all have sinned and fall short of the glory of God” (Rom. 3:23) Sin is a universal subject. Sin is a personal subject. Sin has consequences.
According to man, sin is… crime, misdeed, wrongdoing, error, imperfection, mistake, vice, shortcoming, fault, wrong, weakness
1. Lawlessness “Whoever commits sin also commits lawlessness, and sin is lawlessness” 1 John 3:4
1. Lawlessness anomia “condition of one without law – either because ignorant of it, or because violating it; contempt and violation of law” (Thayer) A condition in which the law of God is ignored, held in contempt, or outright violated. Every sin is a violation of some law of God.
2. Transgression “Why do Your disciples transgress the tradition of the elders? For they do not wash their hands when they eat bread. He answered and said to them, Why do you also transgress the commandment of God because of your tradition?” Matthew 15:2-3
2. Transgression parabaino (verb) “to go contrary to, to violate a command” (Strong). “to go beyond” (Vine) parabates (“transgressor”) “one who oversteps the prescribed limit” (Vine).
2. Transgression Law of God sets forth the boundary.
2. Transgression Law of God sets forth the boundary. To transgress is to step over that boundary
2. Transgression “Whoever transgresses and does not abide in the doctrine of Christ does not have God” 2 John 9 SIN
3. Miss the Mark hamarita (noun) hamartano (verb) To miss the mark.
Missing the Mark Go Too Far - 2 John 9 Fall Short - James 4:17 Off To the Side - Deut. 5:32
4. Trespass “For if you forgive men their trespasses, your heavenly Father will also forgive you. But if you do not forgive men their trespasses, neither will your Father forgive your trespasses” Matthew 6:14-15
4. Trespass paraptoma “a false step, a blunder” (para, “aside,” pipto, “to fall”), then “a lapse from uprightness, a sin, a moral trespass, misdeed” (Vine).
4. Trespass “Brethren, if a man is overtaken in any trespass” (Gal. 6:1) “the thought is that of the believer being found off his guard, the ‘trespass’ taking advantage of him” (Vine)
4. Trespass “And you He made alive, who were dead in trespasses and sins” (Eph. 2:1) There is a distinction between the two words, but not in the seriousness of the consequences!
5. Unrighteousness “All unrighteousness is sin, and there is sin not leading to death” 1 John 5:17
5. Unrighteousness adikia “a deed or deeds violating law and justice” (Vine). Emphasizes the manner in which we treat others.
“But in the fourth generation they shall return here, for the iniquity of the Amorites is not yet complete." Genesis 15:16
Collective Body of Sins “So she said to Elijah, ‘What do I have to do with you, O man of God? You have come to me to bring my iniquity to remembrance, and to put my son to death!’” 1 Kings 17:18, NASV
“You shall not bow down to them nor serve them. For I, the LORD your God, am a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children to the third and fourth generations of those who hate Me” Exodus 20:5
Refers to the Deed and the Punishment “Since the days of our fathers to this day we have been very guilty, and for our iniquities we, our kings, and our priests have been delivered into the hand of the kings of the lands, to the sword, to captivity, to plunder, and to humiliation, as it is this day” Ezra 9:7
Refers to the Deed and the Punishment “Know therefore that God exacts from you less than your iniquity deserves” Job 11:6
Refers to the Deed and the Punishment Iniquity involves more than a single act, but the entire “body” of our sin, including the guilt and the consequences.
“At its deepest level, though, anomia is more than specific lawless acts and attitudes. It is basically an attitude toward the law of God as such: an inward hatred and hostility toward law, a spirit of opposition to and rebellion against authority, a demonic zeal for autonomy and for freedom from law of all kinds” (Cottrell, 162).
All Sin Is Committed Against God Adultery - Genesis 39:9 Lying - Leviticus 6:1-7 Failing to help brethren - Num. 32:20-23 Lying to the church - Acts 5:1-4 “Against You, You only have I sinned, and done evil in Your sight…” (Psalm. 51:4).
“Sin is cosmic treason. Sin is treason against a perfectly pure Sovereign. It is an act of supreme ingratitude toward One to whom we owe everything, to the One who has given us life itself. Have you ever considered the deeper implications of the slightest sin, of the most minute peccadillo? What are we saying to our Creator when we disobey Him at the slightest point? We are saying no to the righteousness of God.
Sin Is A Violation Against God Himself We are saying, ‘God, Your law is not good. My judgment is better than Yours. Your authority does not apply to me. I am above and beyond Your jurisdiction. I have the right to do what I want to do, not what You command me to do.’ The slightest sin is an act of defiance against cosmic authority. It is a revolutionary act, a rebellious act where we are setting ourselves in opposition to the One to whom we owe everything. It is an insult to His holiness…” (R.C. Sproul, The Holiness of God)
If I am a sinner… There must be a law to which I am held accountable. I can sin by doing wrong or by failing to do what is right. I can sin willfully or unintentionally. There are consequences for my sin. My sin is more than a violation against God’s law; it is a violation against God Himself!
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