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Guide for Mechanistic-Empirical Design of New and Rehabilitation Pavement Structures By Matt Mason.

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Presentation on theme: "Guide for Mechanistic-Empirical Design of New and Rehabilitation Pavement Structures By Matt Mason."— Presentation transcript:

1 Guide for Mechanistic-Empirical Design of New and Rehabilitation Pavement Structures
By Matt Mason

2 Overview Objective Current Use Justification
Flexible Pavement Design Process Input Levels and Selection Required Inputs Design Procedure Pavement Response Models Current Status

3 Objective “The overall objective of the Guide for the Mechanistic-Empirical Design for New and Rehabilitated Pavement Structures is to provide the highway community with a state-of-the-practice tool for the design and rehabilitated pavement structures, based on mechanistic-empirical principles.” Dictionary Definitions Mechanistic- Anything explained in terms of physical forces Empirical- Depending upon experience or observation alone

4 Current Use 80% of States use the 1972, 1986, or 1993 AASHTO guides
Iowa Department of Transportation currently uses the 1993 Guide Development from empirical performance equations from the 1950s AASHO Road test

5 AASHO Road Test Location Time Test Facilities Soils Ottuwa, Illinois
Test Facilities 6 two-lane test loops Loop 1 control Soils A-6 and CBR approximately 2-4

6 Justification for a New Design Guide
Rehabilitation Climate Soils Surface Material – HMA & PCC Truck Characteristics Design Life – short duration of road test Performance Reliability – AASHTO 1986 guide

7 Design of New and Reconstructed Flexible Pavements
Conventional Deep Strength Full Depth “Semi-Rigid”

8 Design Process

9 Design Input Levels Level 1 Level 2 Level 3
Site and/or material specific inputs Level 2 Use of correlations to establish or determine the required inputs Level 3 Use of national or regional default values to define the inputs

10 Input Level Selection Sensitivity of the pavement performance to a given input The criticality of the project Information available at the time of design Resources & time available to the designer to obtain the inputs

11 Inputs General information Site/Project Identification
Analysis Parameters Traffic Climate Drainage and Surface Properties Pavement Structure

12 General Information Design Life Base/subgrade construction month
Pavement construction month Traffic opening month

13 Site/Project Identification
Project Location Project Identification Functional Class Principal Arterial – Interstate & Defense routes Principal Arterial – Other Minor Arterial Major Collector Minor Collector Local Routes & Streets

14 Analysis Parameters Initial IRI Performance Criteria
Surface-down fatigue cracking Bottom-up fatigue cracking Thermal cracking Fatigue fracture of chemically stabilized layers Total permanent deformation Smoothness

15 Traffic ESAL Approach Data required Base year truck traffic volume
Vehicle operation speed Truck traffic directional and lane distribution factors Vehicle class distribution Axle load distribution factors Axle and wheel base configurations Tire characteristics & Inflation pressures Truck lateral distribution factor Truck growth factors

16 Traffic Collection Agency’s typically collect
Weigh in Motion (WIM) Automatic Vehicle Classification (AVC) Vehicle counts Iowa Department of Transportation Two-way AADT Percentage of trucks in design lane Operational speed Monthly adjustment factors Vehicle class distribution information Weigh in Motion Reasonable assumptions about number of axles & axle spacing for each truck class Tire inflation pressure & wheel wander data is not collected

17 Traffic Input Levels Level 1 Level 2 Level 3 Level 4
Site specific vehicle classification & axle weight data Level 2 Site specific vehicle classification & regional axle weight data Level 3 Regional vehicle classification & axle weight data Level 4 Default vehicle classification & axle load distribution

18 Traffic Module Data Analysis
AVC – Vehicle Classification WIM – Axle Load Distribution AADTT AADT Percent Trucks Truck Traffic Classification (TTC)

19 Truck Traffic Classification
Functional Classification Distribution of trucks

20 Traffic Module Data Analysis
Loading details Tire pressures Tire & axle load Axle & tire spacing Average number of axles per vehicle classification Traffic factors Time distribution factors Weekday & Weekend truck factors Directional Distribution Lane Distribution Lateral Distribution Traffic growth function

21 Lateral Distribution Accounts for the wander of trucks across one lane of traffic

22 Climate Weather information Hourly air temperature
Hourly precipitation Hourly wind speed Hourly percentage of sunshine Hourly ambient relative humidity Seasonal or constant water table depth

23 Drainage & Surface Properties
Pavement shortwave absorptivity Ratio of the amount of solar energy absorbed by the pavement surface Typical values for weathered for new pavement Potential for Infiltration At this time does not allow Recommend subdrainage Pavement cross slope Length of drainage path

24 Pavement Structure Layer Properties defined by user subdivide layers
Maximum of 10 is recommended subdivide layers 12-15 sub layers Maximum of 19

25 Pavement Structure Asphalt Concrete & Asphalt Stabilized layers
Specify maximum of 3 HMA layers Asphalt aging modeled only for top sub layer Layer inputs Layer thickness Poisson’s ratio Thermal conductivity Heat capacity Total unit weight

26 Pavement Structure Dynamic Modulus, E* Stiffness property Function of
Temperature rate of loading Age binder stiffness aggregate gradation binder content air voids Inputs Asphalt mixture properties Asphalt binder Air voids

27 Pavement Structure Bedrock
Presence within 10 feet of the pavement surface influences the structural response of the pavement layers Inputs Layer thickness (infinite) Unit weight Poisson’s ratio Layer modulus

28 Design Procedure Predict a variety of distress types
Asphalt fatigue facture Permanent deformation HMA thermal fracture Chemically stabilized load associated fatigue fracture

29 Design Procedure Select an initial trial pavement structure
Identify pavement cross section Specify layer material types & thickness Is Seasonal Analysis required? NO – constant values for modulus & Poisson's ratio YES – Two options EICM Monthly Seasonal values

30 Pavement Response Models
Determines structural responses of the pavement system Outputs are the stresses, strains and displacements within the pavement layers Tensile horizontal strain at the bottom of the HMA layer Compressive vertical stresses/strains within the HMA layer Compressive vertical stresses/strains within the base/subbase layers Compressive vertical stresses/strains at the top of the subgrade

31 Pavement Response Models
Permanent Deformation 3 distinct stages of rutting behavior

32 Pavement Response Models
Fatigue Cracking Both top-down & bottom-up Based on calculating the fatigue damage at the surface & at the bottom of each asphalt layer Based upon Miner’s Law

33 Pavement Response Models
Thermal Fracture Amount of transverse cracking expected is predicted by relating the crack depth to the amount of cracking present Enhanced version of model developed by the SHRP A-005 research contract

34 Current Status My involvement Current Activity Gyratory compactor

35 Questions

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