17Landscape refers to : Natural Features Examples (Mountains, Rivers, Wildlife)Human FeaturesExample (Farmers Fields, Buildings)
18In-class Activity Page….. Write the letters of the alphabet on a piece of paper. With a partner brainstorm and quickly jot down words that remind you of Canada that begin with each letter. A class discussion will follow.
19Canada; A Sense of Place Place – Is any spot or area on the surface of the earth. (Fig. 1.4)
20Canada’s Place on the Planet AreaCanada is the second largest country in the world.Canada covers an area of 9,971,000 Square Kilometers, while Russia is the largest with 17,075,000 square Kilometers.
21Canada’s Exceptional Places Canada is known for it’s exceptional natural environment and their unique human characteristicsExample; Canada has 13 UNESCO world heritage sites. Gros Morne National Park is one of those.
22Finding a Place Two Ways to find a place: Relative Location – is a description of where something exist in relation to other places. It shows the way that places are connected to other places – by water, land, transportation route, or technology.Example; St. John’s, Newfoundland is the most easterly city in Canada.
232. Absolute Location – is the exact location 2. Absolute Location – is the exact location of a place measured by its Latitude and Longitude.Example; Bay Roberts, Newfoundland is º latitude, º longitude.Latitude – Is the distance North or South of the equator measured in degrees; the equator is 0 degrees latitude. The equator means equal. (ie) it is divided into two equal parts (spheres).
25Longitude – Is the distance east and west of the Prime Meridian measured in degrees. Lines of longitude passes through both poles and are used to find locations east and west of the zero degrees longitude or the prime meridian, which passes through Greenwich, England.
27Grid – Latitude and Longitude lines intersect to make up a set of coordinates to indicate the Absolute location of any point on the earths surface.
28Note;Latitude and longitude are distance units measured in degrees, minutes and seconds.We write 83º 70´ N Latitude as 83 degrees, 70 minutes North Latitude.** One degree of Latitude represents about 111 kilometers
29Location CanadaHow much land mass does Canada cover?Northern most SettlementAlert on Ellesmere Island83º 70´ N LatitudeSouthern most PlaceMiddle Island in Lake Erie41º 41´ N Latitude
30Eastern most PlaceCape Spear, St. John’s NL.52º 37´ W LongitudeWestern most PlaceBorder between the Yukon and the US State of Alaska.141º 00´ W Longitude
31If you were to draw an imaginary line from Cape Spear, NL If you were to draw an imaginary line from Cape Spear, NL. to the Yukon – Alaska border, you would have covered a distance of approximately 5500 kilometers.
32Using the diagram provided complete the questions.. Give the latitude and longitude for the locations A to E located on the grid.Calculate the number of kilometers Location A and C?
33Answers;Point A - 40ºN 20ºWPoint B - 20ºN 40ºWPoint C - 0ºN 20ºWPoint D - 20ºS 20ºEPoint E - 60ºN 40ºE2. The distance between A and C is 40º, so40ºx111km = 4440 Kilometers
34On the map of Canada indicate the big city that is close to the following coordinates. A. 50ºN 97ºWWinnipegB. 49ºN 123ºW____________C. 45ºN 66ºWD. 44ºN 79ºW
36Earth;The earth is tilted on it’s axis 231/2ºThe earth rotates on it’s axis once every 24 hours, thus giving us day and night.The Tropic of Cancer is 231/2º N of the equator.The Tropic of Capricorn is 231/2º S of the equator.