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Looking under the hood Preservation Status of e-Resources: A Potential Crisis in Electronic Journal Preservation CNI Forum, December 20 11 Oya Y. Rieger.

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Presentation on theme: "Looking under the hood Preservation Status of e-Resources: A Potential Crisis in Electronic Journal Preservation CNI Forum, December 20 11 Oya Y. Rieger."— Presentation transcript:

1 looking under the hood Preservation Status of e-Resources: A Potential Crisis in Electronic Journal Preservation CNI Forum, December 20 11 Oya Y. Rieger AUL for Digital Scholarship & Preservation Services Cornell University Library Robert Wolven AUL for Bibliographic Services and Collection Development, Columbia University Libraries/Information Services



4 genesis of the study Cornell and Columbia spend more on e-materials than other forms of content. Cornell University Library Annual Statistics Report 2009/2010

5 Yet as the creation and use of digital information accelerate, responsibility for preservation is diffuse, and the responsible parties … have been slow to identify and invest in the necessary infrastructure to ensure that the published scholarly record represented in electronic formats remains intact over the long-term. Urgent Action Needed to Preserve Scholarly Electronic Journals, Donald J. Waters et al., 2005 genesis of the study E-journal archiving responsibility is distributed and elusive

6 Research Questions How do we participate in the LOCKSS alliance? – Do we understand the difference between LOCKSS and CLOCKSS? – Who is overseeing the coordination of preservation decisions? How do we keep track of which e-subscriptions are represented in LOCKSS to understand their preservation status? – How do we have back issue access when a journal is canceled? – What kind of a mechanism do we have in place between the ERM/LMS and the local LOCKSS box to support uninterrupted access to digital content? Can we do an analysis that compares Portico and LOCKSS coverage of the 2CUL e-journals?

7 Initiative Leads Oya Rieger, AUL, Digital Scholarship & Preservation Services, Cornell Patricia Renfro, Associate VP for Digital Programs and Technology Services, Columbia Research Team Marty Kurth, Coordinator, Digital Scholarship Services, Cornell (now NYU) Jeff Carroll, Collections, Columbia Bill Kara, Central Library Operations, Cornell Bill Kehoe, Information Technology, Cornell Jim Spear, Technical Services Assistant, Cornell Breck Witte, Library Information Technology, Columbia Bob Wolven, Collection Development, Columbia 2CUL LOCKSS Assessment Study

8 international community initiative that provides libraries with open-source digital preservation tools and support facilitate easy and inexpensive collection and preservation of institutional copies of authorized e- content 200+ members & over 8,600 e-journal titles from 500 publishers

9 digital preservation service provided by ITHAKA, a not-for-profit organization with a mission to help the academic community use digital technologies to preserve the scholarly record 139 participating publishers, 718 partner libraries, 12,381 e-journal titles, and 123,586 e-book titles

10 Leveraging LOCKSS Only surface understanding of the preservation strategy and its implications No formal process in place for identification of e-journals for preservation consideration LOCKSS is currently being used for dark archiving Lack of organizational leadership to bring together related parties from collections, IT, and scholarly communication teams

11 Operational Aspects Neither Columbia nor Cornell currently uses its ERM to record and manage details related to potential LOCKSS or Portico access Identification of titles for which access has been triggered is not handled through the ERMs at Cornell; Columbia tracks CLOCKSS and Portico triggered content in Serials Solutions Neither of the libraries have we taken advantage of LOCKSS so far by gaining access to a canceled subscription or a closed journal or by participating in a failure-recovery test

12 LOCKSS & Portico Coverage Study The short version: – “Only 13% (or 15%) of Cornell’s and Columbia’s e- journals are currently being preserved.” A closer look under the hood: – What we found – What should be done about it

13 Disclaimers Not an evaluation of LOCKSS or Portico Not a complete survey of e-journal preservation Not a rigorous research study Not up to the minute Set out to measure overlap; ended up …

14 LOCKSS and Portico coverage study Data for e-journal titles extracted from catalog – Limited to titles with ISSN or e-ISSN (50%) – 45,000+ titles for Cornell – 55,000+ titles for Columbia Data sent to Portico for matching – Cornell data also compared to LOCKSS

15 LOCKSS and Portico Coverage Cornell data LOCKSS only:3.9% Portico only:14.5% LOCKSS and Portico: 7.6% – Not necessarily same holdings Total coverage:26.1% of titles

16 26% of What? Serial publications In digital form With ISSN or e-ISSN Titles Not content Not expenditures Titles vs Holdings: South Asia Research LOCKSS: vol. 25, 26, 27, 28 Portico: vol. 23(1), 24, 25, 26, 27(1), 28(3), 29(1)

17 Serial publications Scholarly, peer-reviewed journals Trade publications, newsletters Annual reports Newspapers Government documents Conference proceedings Monographs in series

18 In digital form Current, from publisher Backfiles, from publisher Current or backfiles, from aggregator Historical, scanned by libraries, Google Historical, in commercial digital collections Published on the web

19 Breaking down the numbers: what’s not preserved (35-40,000 titles) Available through aggregators: 25-30% Miscellaneous freely accessible: 22-25% Newsletters: 10% East Asian: 10% Participating publishers: 8-9% Non-participating publishers: 4-5%

20 Breaking down the numbers Digitized collections with e-journals (commercial): 5% Digitized collections, library based (e.g. Hathi Trust): 4% Government, IGO (e.g. OECD): 3-4% Book series, conference proceedings: 2-3% Data errors (e.g., ISSN mismatch): 2%

21 A few examples Aggregator:Popular electronics – In multiple databases Freely accessible:Jornal brasileiro de pneumologia – In Scielo Brasil, 2004- NGO: Yearbook … Balkan Human Rights Network – In Central European Online Library, 2006 Trade Newsletter: Malaysia Food & Drink Report – In ABI/Inform, 2009- East Asian: 대한산업공학회지 – In DBPIA

22 More examples Historical: Bulletin d’archeologie chretienne – In Gallica, 1870-1876 Book series:Developments in volcanology – In ScienceDirect e-book collection Data error:Music and Medicine – In SAGE Premier, 2009- (ISSN mismatch) Foundations of Computational Mathematics – In SpringerLink 2001-present (LOCKSS, not Portico) Proceedings … User Services Conference – In ACM Digital Library 1974-present

23 Breaking down the numbers: what’s not preserved (35-40,000 titles) Available through aggregators: 25-30% Difficult; 3 rd -party agreements Important; libraries going e-only Miscellaneous freely accessible: 22-25% Questionable; many “acquired” en masse Newsletters: 10% Secondary? Ephemeral? East Asian: 10% Different legal, technical environment

24 Breaking down the numbers Participating publishers: 8-9% Publisher platforms as distributors (aggregators) Content not structured as journals Non-participating publishers: 4-5% Cost/benefit issues Government, IGO (e.g. OECD): 3-4% Whose responsibility? Data errors (e.g., ISSN mismatch): 2% Fewer than expected

25 Different preservation strategies Scholarly journals – LOCKSS; Portico Historical – HathiTrust; Portico digital collections Free on the web – web archiving; e-Depot University published – Institutional repository? Book series, conferences – as books

26 Next steps? Repeat, extend analysis Work with other libraries on priorities, strategies Work with publishers Work with LOCKSS, Portico, Keepers Registry Investigate international context Develop intersystem data exchange

27 We wish to thank the staff of LOCKSS and Portico for their assistance in conducting this study. Questions?

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