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Unit 6a: Why have people invaded and settled in Britain in the past?

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Presentation on theme: "Unit 6a: Why have people invaded and settled in Britain in the past?"— Presentation transcript:

1 Unit 6a: Why have people invaded and settled in Britain in the past?

2 History Unit 6a: Why have people invaded and settled in Britain in the past? A Roman Case Study Who invaded and settled in Britain a long time ago? Dictionary definitions Invade verb to enter for conquest or plunder e.g.“invade a country” Settle verb to establish a place to live, to make one's home e.g “settle in London”

3 History Unit 6a: Why have people invaded and settled in Britain in the past? A Roman Case Study Sort the words into the correct columns InvadeSettle Arrive Visit Conquer Attack Land Remain Stay Defeat

4 History Unit 6a: Why have people invaded and settled in Britain in the past? A Roman Case Study BC AD 1666: The Great Fire of London 1850s: Florence Nightingale 55 BC AD: Roman Britain 625: Burial at Sutton Hoo s: The Viking Age

5 History Unit 6a: Why have people invaded and settled in Britain in the past? A Roman Case Study Who invaded and settled in Britain a long time ago? This is a Roman soldier. He is wearing armour to protect himself in battle and carries a shield, a spear and a short sword. The Roman army invaded Britain. This soldier would have fought in battles, like the one in this picture.

6 History Unit 6a: Why have people invaded and settled in Britain in the past? A Roman Case Study Who invaded and settled in Britain a long time ago? These are Roman settlers. After the invasion, many Romans settled down to make their home in Britain. They may have lived in a house like the one on the right. As well as houses, the Romans also built other useful things, like roads, aqueducts and public baths.

7 History Unit 6a: Why have people invaded and settled in Britain in the past? A Roman Case Study Who was Boudicca? Boudicca was the leader of an important Celtic tribe called the Iceni. She was very tall and had long red hair down to her hips She usually wore a gold necklace and a cloak fastened with a large brooch She lived in the area which nowadays is called Norfolk

8 History Unit 6a: Why have people invaded and settled in Britain in the past? A Roman Case Study What happened in AD 60? Boudicca’s husband was called Prasutagus. After Boudicca’s husband died, the Romans came to ask for taxes. Boudicca didn’t want to pay any money to the Romans. She decided to start an army to fight the Romans. She wanted to get the Romans out of Britain. Many Celtic people wanted to join Boudicca’s army.

9 History Unit 6a: Why have people invaded and settled in Britain in the past? A Roman Case Study The events took place in South East England. Click to see a more detailed map of the area. What happened in AD 60? Boudicca’s Celtic army marched from Norfolk to Colchester, and attacked the Roman soldiers based there Then they went to London. Many of the Romans ran away, so the Celtic army burned the city. They chased the Romans to a battlefield somewhere in the West Midlands. They started a battle. There were lots more Celts than Romans but the Romans were better warriors, and they won the battle. Boudicca was so ashamed that she drank poison and died. South East EnglandNorfolk Colchester London Last battle

10 History Unit 6a: Why have people invaded and settled in Britain in the past? A Roman Case Study What were the results of Boudicca’s revolt? Many of the Celts lost their lives in the battle with the Romans. The Roman governor, Suetonius, lost his job because he had nearly allowed the Celts to defeat the Romans. The Celts who had been fighting had not been able to look after their farms, and so returned home to find that they had no food.

11 History Unit 6a: Why have people invaded and settled in Britain in the past? A Roman Case Study Some of the changes made by the Romans include… Religion Houses Writing Public baths Roads


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