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The Mogollon, the Anasazi, and the Hohokam Adaptations and Alterations Made for Survival.

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Presentation on theme: "The Mogollon, the Anasazi, and the Hohokam Adaptations and Alterations Made for Survival."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Mogollon, the Anasazi, and the Hohokam Adaptations and Alterations Made for Survival

2 2

3 The Mogollon ~1 a.d. – 1450 a.d The Mogollon ~1 a.d. – 1450 a.d. 3

4 4

5 Mogollon Habitat Mountain and desert dwellersMountain and desert dwellers Gila River CountryGila River Country Mimbres RiverMimbres River San Francisco RiverSan Francisco River 5

6 Mountain dwellers Desert dwellers Mogollon Habitat blm.gov/az 6

7 Gila River Country Mogollon Habitat blm.gov/az 7

8 Mimbres & San Francisco Rivers Mogollon Habitat nmsu.edu 8

9 How the Mogollon got food and other goods Hunter-Gatherers: bighorn sheep, elk, mule deer, white-tail deer, antelope, beaver, badger, jackrabbits, cottontails, turkeys Farmers: corn, beans, squash, cotton Traders: traded with people from the coast for shells and pots 9

10 Hunter-Gatherers How the Mogollon got food and other goods Hunter-Gatherers blm.gov 10

11 Farmers How the Mogollon got food and other goods Farmers Corn Squash blog.usa.gov 11

12 Traders How the Mogollon got food and other goods Traders statemuseum.arizona.edu 12

13 Mogollon Artifacts spear pointsspear points stone knivesstone knives grinding bonesgrinding bones (deer, rabbit, squirrel, gopher, prairie dog, badger, pronghorn and mountain sheep) 13

14 Spear Points, Stone Knives Mogollon Artifacts Spear Points, Stone Knives statemuseum.arizona.edu 14

15 Bones Mogollon Artifacts Bones blm.gov 15

16 More Artifacts Pottery Brown or red before 900 a.d. Mimbres (black on white) in 900 a.d.Pottery Brown or red before 900 a.d. Mimbres (black on white) in 900 a.d. Stone axes ground on 3 sidesStone axes ground on 3 sides Shell pendants, bone hairpinsShell pendants, bone hairpins 16

17 statemuseum.arizona.edu Mimbres Pottery Artifacts Mimbres Pottery Blm.gov Nps.gov 17

18 Stone Axes Artifacts Stone Axes Nps.gov 18

19 Shell Pendants, Hair Pins Artifacts Shell Pendants, Hair Pins statemuseum.arizona.edu 19

20 1. Totally relied on environment 2. Followed seasons Mogollon Adaptations and Alterations 1. Totally relied on environment 2. Followed seasons 20

21 May have left area due to climate change or drought which would lead to food shortages Mogollon Adaptations and Alterations May have left area due to climate change or drought which would lead to food shortages 21

22 Gila Cliff Dwelling Kinishba Pueblo Grasshopper Q Ranch Pueblo Point of Pines Pueblo Mogollon Ruins Gila Cliff Dwelling Kinishba Pueblo Grasshopper Q Ranch Pueblo Point of Pines Pueblo 22

23 Mogollon Ruins Gila Cliff Dwellings nps.gov 23

24 Mogollon Ruins Kinishba Pueblo Nps.gov 24

25 The Anasazi ~100 a.d a.d. 25

26 26

27 Anasazi Habitat Stone architecture Cliff dwellings or pueblos Kiva built in center of plaza -underground -for ceremonies -with benches 27

28 Anasazi Habitat Cliff dwellings or pueblos nps.gov 28

29 Kiva: A chamber, built wholly or partly underground, used for religious rites. 29

30 How the Anasazi got food and other goods Farmers: corn or maize, squash Hunter-Gatherers: rabbit, deer, prairie dogs Basket makers 30

31 How the Anasazi got food and other goods Farmers usda.govblog.usa.gov 31

32 How the Anasazi got food and other goods Hunter-Gatherers blm.gov 32

33 How the Anasazi got food and other goods Basket Makers Nps.gov 33

34 Anasazi Artifacts Pottery (learned from the Mogollon)Pottery (learned from the Mogollon) Squash gourds for waterSquash gourds for water BasketsBaskets Stone tools – spear, throwing stickStone tools – spear, throwing stick Digging sticksDigging sticks 34

35 Pottery Artifacts Pottery Loc.gov 35

36 Squash gourds for water Artifacts Squash gourds for water The gourds used to store water would have looked something like this. Nps.gov 36

37 Baskets Anasazi Artifacts Baskets Nps.gov 37

38 Stone tools Anasazi Artifacts Stone tools Throwing Sticks and Spears Nps.gov 38

39 Digging Sticks Anasazi Artifacts Digging Sticks Can you imagine using a stick to dig a hole to plant a seed in order to get food? 39

40 Anasazi Adaptations and Alterations 1. Carried water from source to village 2. Built homes in cliffs for protection from elements and enemies 3. Built homes facing south for heat in winter 40

41 Anasazi Adaptations and Alterations nps.gov 41

42 Anasazi Adaptations and Alterations What may have happened to them? Drought Enemies invaded Internal conflict 42

43 Anasazi Ruins Mesa VerdeMesa Verde Canyon de ChellyCanyon de Chelly KayentaKayenta 43

44 Mesa Verde Anasazi Ruins Mesa Verde usgs.gov 44

45 Canyon de Chelly Anasazi Ruins Canyon de Chelly nasa.gov 45

46 The Hohokam ~1 a.d. – 1450 a.d. 46

47 47

48 Hohokam Habitat Sonoran Desert by riversSonoran Desert by rivers Made homes of ‘jacal’ (adobe)Made homes of ‘jacal’ (adobe) Villages built around plazaVillages built around plaza 48

49 Hohokam Habitat Nps.gov Hohokam adobe dwelling 49

50 Farmers: corn, beans, cotton, agave, and squash Hunter-Gatherers How the Hohokam got food and other goods Farmers: corn, beans, cotton, agave, and squash Hunter-Gatherers 50

51 Farmers How the Hohokam got food and other goods Farmers Virginia.gov usda.gov Cotton Corn Agave usda.gov 51

52 Hunter-Gatherers How the Hohokam got food and other goods Hunter-Gatherers Rabbits Prairie dogs Deer Mo.gov fws.gov Blm.gov 52

53 Pottery--Red on Buff(Beige) Shell ornaments Stone tools Hohokam artifacts found Pottery--Red on Buff(Beige) Shell ornaments Stone tools 53

54 Hohokam Artifacts Pottery – Red on Buff statemuseum.arizona.edu 54

55 Shell ornaments Artifacts Shell ornaments statemuseum.arizona.edu 55

56 Artifacts Stone tools statemuseum.arizona.edu 56

57 1. Moved from desert in summer to foothills, then back to desert in winter 2. Built over 300 miles of canals to irrigate crops Hohokam Adaptations and Alterations 1. Moved from desert in summer to foothills, then back to desert in winter 2. Built over 300 miles of canals to irrigate crops 57

58 Canal system--Old and New Hohokam Adaptations and Alterations Canal system--Old and New waterhistory.org 58

59 May have left due to: drought floods climate change Adaptations and Alterations May have left due to: drought floods climate change 59

60 Casa Grande Snaketown Hohokam Ruins Casa Grande Snaketown 60

61 Hohokam Ruins Casa Grande nps.gov 61

62 Hohokam Ruins Snaketown statemuseum.arizona.edu 62


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