Presentation on theme: "LATINO EDUCATION AND THE FUTURE OF THE UNITED STATES National Association of Latino Elected and Appointed Officials 6th Annual National Summit on the State."— Presentation transcript:
LATINO EDUCATION AND THE FUTURE OF THE UNITED STATES National Association of Latino Elected and Appointed Officials 6th Annual National Summit on the State of Latino Education Sept 27-29, 2010 Paul E. Lingenfelter, President
Differences in College Attainment Between Younger & Older Adults—U.S. & OECD Countries, Source: OECD. Table A1. 3a. Education at a Glance, 2008
Jobs in the last 4 decades increasingly have required postsecondary education Source: Current Population Survey, Various years.
Education and the U.S. Labor Force, Source: US Census Bureau, CPS, 1973 & 2009; Anthony Carnevale, Help Wanted: Projections of jobs and Education Requirements Through 2018, June 2010 Jobs (in millions)
Challenges: College participation by socioeconomic status College Participation By Achievement Test and Socioeconomic Status Quartile SES Quartile LowestHighest Achievement Quartile Highest78%97% Lowest36%77% Source: Access Denied, Department of Education, February 2001.
Challenges: Degree attainment by SAT scores and socioeconomic status Source: Anthony Carnevale, Liberal Education, Fall 2008, p. 58.
Latinos in a national context Source: Chronicle Analysis U.S Department of Education Digest of Education Statistics; U.S. Census Bureau, Population Division; NCES Education Projections to Enrollment Growth Latino Percent of Population and Enrollment
WICHE Projections of High School Graduates Source: WICHE, Knocking at the College Door: Projections of High School Graduates by State and Race/Ethnicity Latino high school graduate population will grow substantially in Western and Southern states
WICHE Projections of High School Graduates Source: WICHE, Knocking at the College Door: Projections of High School Graduates by State and Race/Ethnicity Latino high school graduate population will not be as dramatic in Midwestern and Northeastern states
Latino High School Seniors ( ) Source: U.S. Department of Education, Common Core of Data, 2009
Out of 100… White Kindergartners Black Kindergartners Latino Kindergartners Graduate from high school or get a GED Complete at least some college Obtain at least a Bachelor's degree Source: The Education Trust. Analysis of U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census. March Current Population Surveys, , in The Condition of Education, 2009.
Composition of Total State Expenditures by Function, Fiscal Source: National Association of State Budget Officers, 2008 State Expenditure Report
State General Fund Expenditures, FY 1990 & 2008 Source: National Association of State Budget Officers, 1990 & 2008 State Expenditure Report
Utah Montana New Hampshire Delaware New Jersey Maine Maryland Massachusetts Wisconsin Vermont Ohio North Dakota Connecticut Kansas Arkansas Virginia Nebraska Oklahoma Minnesota Colorado West Virginia Kentucky Michigan Arizona New York Georgia Hawaii Illinois Pennsylvania Alaska Rhode Island United States New Mexico California Iowa Indiana North Carolina Florida Idaho South Carolina South Dakota Missouri Washington Oregon Texas Nevada Tennessee Mississippi Louisiana Alabama Source: NCHEMS; Don Boyd (Rockefeller Institute of Government), Projected state and local budget deficits as a percent of revenues, 2013
Composition of Spending as a Share of GDP Assuming Discretionary Spending Grows with GDP after 2005 and All Expiring Tax Provisions are Extended Federal Budget – Comptroller General
National Academy of Public Administration
Note: Net tuition revenue used for capital debt service are included in the above figures. Constant 2009 dollars adjusted by SHEEO Higher Education Cost Adjustment (HECA). Source: SSDB Public FTE Enrollment and Education Appropriations per FTE, U.S., Fiscal
Note: Net tuition revenue used for capital debt service is included in net tuition revenue, but excluded from total educational revenue in calculating the above figures. Source: SSDB Net Tuition as a Percent of Public Higher Education Total Education Revenue, U.S., Fiscal
Distribution: $/FTE and Enrollments Full Educational Cost per FTE Student (in 2006 dollars)
% Growth in Appropriations per FTE 1994 to 2009 constant 2009 dollars Source: SSDB and SHEEO SHEF FY 2009 Notes: All constant 2009 dollars have been adjusted by the Higher Education Cost Adjustment, EMI and COLA 2009 State and Local Support and Educational Appropriations include about $2.3 billion of ARRA Funds
% Change in Total Revenue per FTE, constant 2009 dollars Source: SSDB and SHEEO SHEF FY 2009 Notes: All constant 2009 dollars have been adjusted by the Higher Education Cost Adjustment, EMI and COLA 2009 State and Local Support and Educational Appropriations include about $2.3 billion of ARRA Funds
Cost per FTE by Carnegie Grouping, 2007 (public institutions) Source: SHEEO, Degree Production and Cost Trends; A National Analysis, 2010
Cost per Degree by Carnegie Grouping, 2007 (public institutions) Source: SHEEO, Degree Production and Cost Trends; A National Analysis, 2010
Wrong Ideas about Money There is a “right” amount The only way to get better results is spend more money We can get the results we need without spending more money
Right Questions about Money What do we need from higher education? What can we do better with the money we have? What do we need that justifies additional funds?
It takes more than money… Support K-12 Common Core State Standards for Math and English Insist that postsecondary institutions set ambitious goals to increase the number of students completing degrees and certificates Encourage students to study full-time or nearly full-time. Too much work while pursuing postsecondary education is a poison pill Support higher tuition in community colleges in California, while insisting on sufficient state and federal student aid and user-friendly application processes.
Contact Information Paul Lingenfelter President, SHEEO (303) SHEEO, the national association of state-wide higher education executives, focuses on public policy for higher education in the U.S. It was founded in 1954.