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The Rights of the People.  Rights are things you have  Rights are things you can do  Government cannot grant rights, they can take away rights  Freedom.

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Presentation on theme: "The Rights of the People.  Rights are things you have  Rights are things you can do  Government cannot grant rights, they can take away rights  Freedom."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Rights of the People

2  Rights are things you have  Rights are things you can do  Government cannot grant rights, they can take away rights  Freedom is the condition of being free  The power to act or speak or think without imposed restraints

3  First 10 amendments to the Constitution  Added in 1791  They guaranteed basic freedoms to the people  They also limited the powers of the federal and state governments

4  Freedom of religion, speech, press, assembly and petition  Government can’t force a religion upon you; practice what you want or none  Say what you want, but there are limits (ex: can’t threaten the president)  Can gather together as long as no disturbance to public safety  Can complain to/about the government

5  Right to keep and bear arms; states’ right to have militia  Gun control?  Should citizens have weapons or just a “well regulated militia?”

6  Freedom from having to allow soldiers to stay in citizens’ homes in times of peace  Soldiers cannot stay in civilian houses

7  Freedom from unreasonable searches and seizures  Property cannot be searched without a warrant  Warrant is approved by a judge and has to describe what is being searched

8  Freedom of being accused of a crime except by grand jury indictment and from being tried twice for the same offense; right to due process  Grand Jury to decide if enough evidence for trial  No Double Jeopardy- person can’t be tried twice for same crime  Plead the 5 th - person can’t be forced to testify against himself (self-incrimination)

9  Due process of law- certain procedures that those charged with a crime have to go through  Eminent Domain- private property can’t be taken for public use without compensation

10  Right to a fair trial in criminal cases  Speedy and public trial  Have to be told what you are being charged with  Confront witnesses and have witnesses testify on your behalf  May have a lawyer  Miranda Rights

11  Right to a jury trial in most civil cases  Jury trial in cases dealing with money and property

12  Right to reasonable bail, fines, and punishment  No excessive bail or fines  No cruel or unusual punishment  Death Penalty?

13  Protection of rights not written in the Constitution  Any rights not listed in the Bill of Rights are the people’s rights  Right to privacy

14  Powers not given to federal government reserved for states or people  States rights- any power not given to the federal government are rights for the States to decide unless it goes against the Constitution  Ex: Same-sex marriage, Abortion


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