Presentation on theme: "The Rights of the People"— Presentation transcript:
1 The Rights of the People Bill of RightsThe Rights of the People
2 What is the difference between a right and a freedom Rights are things you haveRights are things you can doGovernment cannot grant rights, they can take away rightsFreedom is the condition of being freeThe power to act or speak or think without imposed restraints
3 Bill of Rights First 10 amendments to the Constitution Added in 1791 They guaranteed basic freedoms to the peopleThey also limited the powers of the federal and state governments
4 Amendment I Freedom of religion, speech, press, assembly and petition Government can’t force a religion upon you; practice what you want or noneSay what you want, but there are limits (ex: can’t threaten the president)Can gather together as long as no disturbance to public safetyCan complain to/about the government
5 Amendment IIRight to keep and bear arms; states’ right to have militiaGun control?Should citizens have weapons or just a “well regulated militia?”
6 Amendment IIIFreedom from having to allow soldiers to stay in citizens’ homes in times of peaceSoldiers cannot stay in civilian houses
7 Amendment IV Freedom from unreasonable searches and seizures Property cannot be searched without a warrantWarrant is approved by a judge and has to describe what is being searched
8 Amendment VFreedom of being accused of a crime except by grand jury indictment and from being tried twice for the same offense; right to due processGrand Jury to decide if enough evidence for trialNo Double Jeopardy- person can’t be tried twice for same crimePlead the 5th- person can’t be forced to testify against himself (self-incrimination)
9 Amendment V continuedDue process of law- certain procedures that those charged with a crime have to go throughEminent Domain- private property can’t be taken for public use without compensation
10 Amendment VI Right to a fair trial in criminal cases Speedy and public trialHave to be told what you are being charged withConfront witnesses and have witnesses testify on your behalfMay have a lawyerMiranda Rights
11 Amendment VII Right to a jury trial in most civil cases Jury trial in cases dealing with money and property
12 Amendment VIII Right to reasonable bail, fines, and punishment No excessive bail or finesNo cruel or unusual punishmentDeath Penalty?
13 Amendment IX Protection of rights not written in the Constitution Any rights not listed in the Bill of Rights are the people’s rightsRight to privacy
14 Amendment XPowers not given to federal government reserved for states or peopleStates rights- any power not given to the federal government are rights for the States to decide unless it goes against the ConstitutionEx: Same-sex marriage, Abortion
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