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Civics- Chapter 4 The Bill of Rights
Amendment # 1 The First amendment to the Constitution protects five basic freedoms: freedom of religion, freedom of speech, freedom of the press, freedom of assembly, and freedom to petition the government.
Amendment # 2 It provides for each state to maintain “a well regulated militia” by allowing the members of those militias to carry arms. Federal and state laws determine who can be licensed to own firearms.
Amendment # 3 In peacetime, soldiers may not move into private homes without the consent of the homeowner. In times of war, the practice must be authorized by Congress.
Amendment # 4 This amendment protects Americans “against unreasonable searches and seizures.” No soldier, government agent, or police officer can search your home or take your property without a search warrant.
Amendment # 5 This amendment states that no one can be put on trial for a serious federal crime without an indictment- a formal charge by a grand jury. It also protects people from double jeopardy.
Amendment # 6 The people accused of crimes have the right to hear the exact nature of their crimes. If an accused person requests a jury trial, the trial must be speedy and public, and they are entitled to have a lawyer.
Amendment # 7 This amendment guarantees the right to a jury trial in civil cases if the amount of money involved is more than $20. It deals with disagreements between people rather than crimes.
Amendment # 8 The accused may have two choices: stay in jail OR remain free by paying bail. This amendment also forbids excessive fines for people convicted of crimes. In addition, it forbids “cruel and unusual punishments.” VS.
Amendment # 9 This amendment makes it clear that citizens have other rights beyond those listed in the Constitution. Example: The right to privacy.
Amendment # 10 Any powers the Constitution does not specifically give to the national government are reserved to the states or to the people (Reserved Powers of the Constitution).
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