1.07 Evaluate the extent to which the Bill of Rights extended the Constitution
Bill of Rights guarantees personal liberties
protects the people from the power of the central (federal) government, guarantees powers of the people the 14th Amendment applies these liberties to the citizens of the states, the Bill of Rights originally did not limit the power of the states
Bill of Rights 1st Amendment, RAPPS
Freedoms of Religion, Assembly, Petition, Press, and Speech (expression) Religion = free exercise clause and establishment clause Free Exercise Clause – persons may participate in their own religions Establishment Clause – government may not organize a state religion or make a law that establishes a religion
Bill of Rights 2nd Amendment 3rd Amendment 4th Amendment 5th Amendment
Right to bear arms 3rd Amendment No government ordered quartering of soldiers except in time of war 4th Amendment No search and seizure without probable cause or a warrant. 5th Amendment Guarantees due process (fair trial) Eminent Domain (private property can be taken for public use) Forbids double jeopardy (being tried for the same crime twice) Forbids self incrimination (being forced to testify against yourself)
Bill of Rights 6th Amendment 7th Amendment 8th Amendment
Right to a speedy trial with an attorney and jury 7th Amendment Civil trial with a jury is guaranteed 8th Amendment No cruel or unusual punishment No excessive bail or fines
Bill of Rights 9th Amendment 10th Amendment
Explains the powers reserved to the people 10th Amendment Powers reserved to the states Powers not delegated to the US by the Constitution of 1787 are reserved to the states
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