3 SECULARISM Mohammed Mahin Islam 201104600 Hasan Mahmood Abu TalebMeesum Raza KazmiInstructor: Dr. Hajredin Hoxha
4 OUTLINE What is Secularism ? Countries with High Muslim population following secularism..Positive and negative points of secularismIslam v/s SecularismCreation of East and West Pakistan and Islamic Republic of IranConclusion
5 Question….??What is Secularism …?Examples of secularism…!! ?
6 What is Secularism ?Secularism is a principle that involves two basic propositions:Strict separation of state from religious institutionsPeople of different religions are believers, all are equal before lawSeparation of religion and state is the foundation of secularismIt ensures that religious groups don’t interfere in the affairs of the state
7 Countries with High Muslim population following secularism Turkey – with 97.8% of population being MuslimsBangladesh – with 89.5% of population being MuslimsUzbekistan – with 88% of population being Muslims
8 Characteristics of Secularism…. People no matter of which religion or group all have equal rights in front of law.Religious groups have no influence in decision making in a secular state.
9 Negative Points of Secularism… Secularism itself carries seeds of instabilityDecisions in a secular state is made on basis of laws of the government and there are chances that not everyone in the state is happy creating riots and issues in the state.Usually the leaders in a secular state are chosen through elections and thus not every group in the society is happy creating tension and instability in the state.
10 What is Islamism/Shari’ah…? The main source of laws in an Islamic state is the Holy Qur’an.Allah has revealed the Holy Qur’an to guide us Muslims through the right path. Thus following Shari’ah law is the best form of government for us Muslims.Islamism is not completely followed by any country at recent times, every country now days are secular.Many states believe that some of the Islamic laws inhumanSaudi Arabia is one of state that follows it to a greater extent.
11 Islam v/s Secularism Islamic and Secular laws differ in many aspects. Islam says that only one Muslim leader should lead the country while a secular country can have any person as the leaderIn Islam civil laws and punishments are different then securer lawsMarriage laws are different in Islam and are different in secularismIslamic rules helps a man to be successful in life and after death not the secular rules
12 Impacts of IslamismIslam and Islamism has affected every corner of the world. Some of them have been mentioned below..Muslim nationalization was the main cause of the separation and creation of west and east PakistanMuslim nationalization was also the reason behind creation of ISLAMIC REPUBLIC OF IRAN
13 Separation and Creation of East and West Pakistan … !!