2 Rhyme Lines of poetry are often divided into sections called stanzas 2 lines = couplet3 lines = tercet4 lines = quatrain5 lines = pentad (hardly ever used)6 lines = sestet7 lines = septet8 lines = octet
3 RhymeWe mark rhyme by placing lower case letters at the ends of the lines. Try this…For thy sweet love remembered such wealth brings, That then I scorn to change my state with kings.“Sonnet 29” - Shakespeare
4 Rhyme Easy, right! Now try this… For thy sweet love remembered such wealth brings, a That then I scorn to change my state with kings aEasy, right! Now try this…They are all gone into the world of light! And I alone sit lingering here; Their very memory is fair and bright, And my sad thoughts doth clear.“They Are All Gone into the World of Light” - Henry Vaughan
5 Rhyme They are all gone into the world of light! a And I alone sit lingering here; bTheir very memory is fair and bright, aAnd my sad thoughts doth clear bQuatrains can also be made up of 2 couplets!
6 Rhyme Come live with me and be my love, a And we will all the pleasures prove, aThat valleys, groves, hills, and fields, bWoods, or steepy mountain yields b“The Passionate Shepherd to His Love” - Christopher MarloweLet’s try a harder one!
7 Rhyme She walks in beauty, like the night Of cloudless climes and starry skies;And all that's best of dark and brightMeet in her aspect and her eyes:Thus mellow'd to that tender lightWhich heaven to gaudy day denies.“She Walks in Beauty” – Lord Byron
8 Rhyme It is a sestet made up of 2 tercets (terza rime) She walks in beauty, like the night aOf cloudless climes and starry skies; bAnd all that's best of dark and bright aMeet in her aspect and her eyes: bThus mellow'd to that tender light aWhich heaven to gaudy day denies b
9 Rhyme Terza rime can also look like this… a “Villanelle” Do not go gentle into that good night, aOld age should burn and rave at close of day; bRage, rage against the dying of the light. aThough wise men at their end know dark is right, aBecause their words had forked no lightning they bDo not go gentle into that good night. a“Do Not Go Gentle Into That Good Night” – Dylan Thomas
10 Meter Like music, most poems have a specific number of beats per line. Modern poetry tends to follow the rhythm of natural speechOlder poems tend to follow a formal rhythm system called “meter”
11 Meter Determining the meter of a poem is a process called “scansion” A unit of measure is called a “foot”A foot is made up a stressed syllable (/) and the unstressed syllables (-) that go with it.
13 Iamb That time of year thou mayst in me behold - / - / - / - / - / Examine the syllablesThat time of year thou mayst in me beholdDecide which are stressed and which are not- / / / / /
14 IambDivide into feet- / / / / /That time I of year I thou mayst I in me I behold5 feet of iambic meter = “iambic pentameter”
15 Trochee Double double toil and trouble / - / - / - / - / - / - / - / - / / / / -/ / / / -Double I double I toil and I trouble
16 Anapest'Twas the night before Christmas, when all through the house/ / / // / / /'Twas the night I before Christ I mas, when all I through the house*Remember, we are looking at syllables not words!
17 Dactyl Half a league, half a league, Half a league onward, / - - / - - / /Half a league,I half a league,*Just try to find the “beat” of the poem as you read.
18 You try! She walks in beauty, like the night And he breathed in the face of the foe as he passedShe walks in beauty, like the nightFire burn and cauldron bubbleCaught in a trap in the depths of the caldera
19 She walks I in beau I ty, like I the night Iamb! / / / /And he breathed I in the face I of the foe I as he passedAnapest!/ / / /She walks I in beau I ty, like I the nightIamb!
20 / / / / -Fire I burn and I cauldron I bubbleTrochee!/ / / /Caught in a I trap in the I depths of the I calderaDactyl!