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Poetry Terminology. Stanza Section of line, or verse, of a poem that form a unit Similar in _____and _____scheme Much like the “paragraphs” of a poem,

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Presentation on theme: "Poetry Terminology. Stanza Section of line, or verse, of a poem that form a unit Similar in _____and _____scheme Much like the “paragraphs” of a poem,"— Presentation transcript:

1 Poetry Terminology

2 Stanza Section of line, or verse, of a poem that form a unit Similar in _____and _____scheme Much like the “paragraphs” of a poem, however, not necessarily divided by the completion of ___________

3 Types of Stanzas Couplet – two rhyming lines ______ – three lines, may or may not _____ Quatrain – four lines, may or may not rhyme Cinquain – _____ lines, may or may not rhyme Sestet – six lines, may or may not rhyme _______ – seven lines, may or may not rhyme Octave - ______ lines, may or may not rhyme

4 Stanza example The Road Not Taken by Robert Frost Two roads diverged in a yellow wood, And sorry I could not travel both And be one traveler, long I stood And looked down one as far as I could To where it bent in the undergrowth; Then took the other, as just as fair And having perhaps the better claim, Because it was grassy and wanted wear; Though as for that, the passing there Had worn them really about the same, And both that morning equally lay In leaves no step had trodden black Oh, I kept the first for another day! Yet knowing how way leads on to way, I doubted if I should ever come back. I shall be telling this with a sigh Somewhere ages and ages hence: Two roads diverged in a wood, and I I took the one less traveled by, And that has made all the difference.

5 Rhyme Scheme Regular pattern of rhyme ____________ throughout the poem Poems can rhyme without any regular pattern can be called _________ poems, but only those with ____________ pattern can be said to have rhyme scheme Labeled according to their rhyme sounds – Each rhyme sound is given its own ______ to distinguish it from other rhyme sounds that may appear in the poem

6 Rhyme Scheme Examples Alone Edgar Allen Poe From childhood’s hour I have not been a As others were; I have not seen a As others saw; I could not bring b My passions from a common spring. b From the same source I have not taken c My sorrow; I could not awaken c My heart to joy at the same tone; d And all I loved, I loved alone. d Then—in my childhood, in the dawn e Of a most stormy life—was drawn e From every depth of good and ill f The mystery which binds me still: f From the torrent, or the fountain, g From the red cliff of the mountain, g From the sun that round me rolled h In its autumn tint of gold, h From the lightning in the sky i As it passed me flying by, i From the thunder and the storm, j And the cloud that took the form j (When the rest of Heaven was blue) k Of a demon in my view. k

7 Meter Rhyme of a ______ Determined by how many ___ per line

8 Foot The basic unit of _____________ in poetry Made of ___ or ______ syllables Combination of _________ and __________ Must have at least one ______ It’s like music, only in poetry the accent is used instead of a ____ to make the rhythm ˘ (_____ mark) represents unstressed syllables / (slash or _____ mark) represents stressed syllables

9 Types of Meter Dimeter: the line has two feet ________ : the line has three feet Tetrameter: the line has four feet Pentameter: the line has _____ feet Hexameter: the line has six feet Hendecasyllabics have _______ syllables per line. – This is very unusual

10 Types of Meters Iambic: 2 syllables - first unaccented, second accented (in LEAVES no STEP) ________: 2 syllables - first accented, second unaccented (SOME-where AG-es) Spondee: 2 syllables - _____accented (TWO ROADS) – even though there are two accents, a spondee is one foot Anapest: _ syllables - first and second unaccented, third accented (with a SIGH) Dactyl: 3 syllables - first accented, second and third ___________ (one trav - el / (er))

11 Examples of Meter See Meter_new.ppt Second.ppt on the blog

12 Chorus Part of the poem that ________ itself, usually without any change in wording, but not always Usually reveals the ____ _____or subject Usually a _______ stanza than the rest of the poem (not all poems have a chorus) Also referred to as a ______


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