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The beliefs in the Elizabethan century, the chain of being, love and marriage From Jana, Keno, Svenja and Rebekka.

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Presentation on theme: "The beliefs in the Elizabethan century, the chain of being, love and marriage From Jana, Keno, Svenja and Rebekka."— Presentation transcript:

1 The beliefs in the Elizabethan century, the chain of being, love and marriage From Jana, Keno, Svenja and Rebekka

2 Content  The Great Chain of Being  Tudor London  Tudor England  Tudor Sports and Pastimes  Elizabeth I.  The Poor in Elizabethan England  Women and marriage in Tudor England

3 The Grat Chain of Being God Angels Humans Animals Plants Non living objects Kings Queens Nobles Merchants Peasants Father Mothers Sons Daughters Servants everything in the universe has a specific place Shakespeare believed in the Divine Order Plays revolve around beliefs desire to maintain God’s order

4 Tudors London  London was the biggest city in western Europe  Monarchs were Henry the VIII and daughter Elizabeth I.  City of future  Rich and poor live next together, hard punishments for crimes, put the heads onto the bridge for deterrence  Narrow and full streets, the probability that one get robbed was very high  rich travel by boat  Much entertainment: theatres, bear baiting, many inns and alehouses

5 Tudor England  Most important trading city of Tudor England  Main exporter of wool  Ever increasing population and a lack of a structured sewage system  all rubbish lands in the Thames  Big plague epidemic in 1665  Fire was a big problem because of wooden houses: city burned down in 1666  No police, Rich make the laws as judges  Executions were popular events

6 Tudor Sports and Pastimes  Kings or Queens decided on which sports and pastimes were allowed  Henry VIII liked especially hunting, Elizabeth I. liked especially bear-baiting and bear- gardens  Not everyone was allowed to participated in sports  working class has to work, the rich have no regulations  Heavily controlling  Football was well liked, but banned in 1540  1585 bear-baiting was banned, but Elizabeth ignored it because she loved it  Arena: poor standing, rich sitting  Elizabeth saw a great growth in the popularity of the theatre, she witnessed the career of Shakespeare and the popularity of globe theatre

7 Elizabeth I.  Queen from 1558 to 1603 in which year she died  Two important points:  Execution of Mary, Queen of Scots in 1587  The Spanish Armada of 1588  Personality:  Intelligent, very educated, spoke Latin, French and German  Famous for her temper  Half-sister Mary became Queen in 1553, Elizabeth was locked up in the Tower of London because she was a protestant  As queen of England she took it nearly to the heights of its power  In her last years she was getting very unpredictable and dangerous  However, her reign is considered by some to an era of glory

8 The poor in Elizabethan England  Very harsh life  No welfare state  More poor than rich people, so there was the fear of an peasants revolt  Not easy to find a job  Concern about poor was at it greatest in Elizabeth’s time  Government made every parish responsible for the poor, landowners had to pay the so called Poor Rate which should help the people  Benefits:  Made the poor feel that something was being done for them  The poor done good work within the parish to help

9  Three groups of poor:  Helpless Poor  old, sick, disabled and children  Able bodied group  people could work and also wanted it  Rouges and vagabonds  people who could work but preferred to beg or steal  Great increase in crime in Tudor England (mostly thieves)  Poor live in now called ghettos in the east, were punished when they were found in the rich places  Developed their own language  protection against the law  Poor in the countryside suffered because of enclosure

10 Women in Tudor England  Church told that girls were inferior, used bible to show that they are right  men and women believed it, because the priests say it was ordered by god  Protestant leader John Knox: Women were made to serve and obey men  Function in life: marry, have children, look after home and husband  Have to be obedient to men  Education:  Rich: learn things like managing a household, needlework and meal preparation  Poor: no real education, learn things from their mothers  General: teaching girls writing or reading was a waste of time  Clothes: long dresses which covered the hole body

11 Marriage in Tudor England  Young rich ladies have no choice over who they marry  Reason for marriage:  No legal age for marriage, many get married at the age of 14  Main function: bear a son to continue family line, not unusual to be pregnant every twelve months  Birth and be pregnant was dangerous (health, e.g. puerperal fever and post-birth infections)  Hair  Married women: have to hide their hair under a wood or veil  Not married: can wear it loose

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