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How did women gain the right to vote? Aim: To practice Paper 2-style questions on votes for women A revision presentation from

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1 How did women gain the right to vote? Aim: To practice Paper 2-style questions on votes for women A revision presentation from

2 About this PowerPoint You will find 3 Paper 2-style questions about women’s suffrage Answer the question to the best of your ability The next slide will show the mark scheme for the question. What level is your answer? What mark? Question 1 also contains some sample answers. See if you can grade the answers using the mark scheme and compare your marking to the examiner’s comments.

3 Why do you think sources E and F were produced? Use the sources and your own knowledge to explain your answer. [8] Source E: A Suffragette poster showing a hunger-striking Suffragette being force-fed Source F: A Suffragette poster from 1913, attacking the Liberal Government

4 Why do you think sources E and F were produced? Use the sources and your own knowledge to explain your answer. [8] Level 1 Generalised answers unsupported with details from the source They were produced because women were fed up with the way they were treated for trying to get the vote. [1- 2] Level 2 Valid inferences supported from the sources They were introduced to oppose the way the Liberals were treating women. In Source E you can see a woman being force fed, which is a terrible thing to do. [3- 6] Level 3 As level 2, but uses contextual knowledge to support answers They were introduced as part of the campaign to attack the Liberal government. The government didn’t want women dying from hunger strike in their prisons, so it force fed them or passed the Cat and Mouse Act to let them go until they were better. The two posters show the horror of this. One shows a woman being held down, the other shows her helpless in a cat’s mouth. [7- 8]

5 Why do you think sources E and F were produced? Use the sources and your own knowledge to explain your answer. [8] Obviously they were produced to show how badly women were treated. In Source E you can see someone having a tube stuck up her nose and food poured down it. At the same time there are five people holding her down in a very rough way. When people saw this they would be shocked by what is happening. That was obviously the purpose of the picture.

6 Why do you think sources E and F were produced? Use the sources and your own knowledge to explain your answer. [8] Level 1 Generalised answers unsupported with details from the source They were produced because women were fed up with the way they were treated for trying to get the vote. [1- 2] Level 2 Valid inferences supported from the sources They were introduced to oppose the way the Liberals were treating women. In Source E you can see a woman being force fed, which is a terrible thing to do. [3- 6] Level 3 As level 2, but uses contextual knowledge to support answers They were introduced as part of the campaign to attack the Liberal government. The government didn’t want women dying from hunger strike in their prisons, so it force fed them or passed the Cat and Mouse Act to let them go until they were better. The two posters show the horror of this. One shows a woman being held down, the other shows her helpless in a cat’s mouth. [7- 8]

7 Why do you think sources E and F were produced? Use the sources and your own knowledge to explain your answer. [8] Obviously they were produced to show how badly women were treated. In Source E you can see someone having a tube stuck up her nose and food poured down it. At the same time there are five people holding her down in a very rough way. When people saw this they would be shocked by what is happening. That was obviously the purpose of the picture. The candidate understands the purpose of the sources (Level 2). However, no detailed knowledge of the historical context is provided (why were the women force fed?), and since it address only one of the sources it cannot be marked at the top of the level. Level 2 Valid inferences supported from the sources [3-6]

8 Why do you think sources E and F were produced? Use the sources and your own knowledge to explain your answer. [8] I think that these posters were introduced to help women get the vote. What they are supposed to do is shock people into realising how badly treated the women were. If people understood how badly women were being treated then they might change their minds about whether they should have the vote or not. So the posters are all part of trying to get women the vote.

9 Why do you think sources E and F were produced? Use the sources and your own knowledge to explain your answer. [8] Level 1 Generalised answers unsupported with details from the source They were produced because women were fed up with the way they were treated for trying to get the vote. [1- 2] Level 2 Valid inferences supported from the sources They were introduced to oppose the way the Liberals were treating women. In Source E you can see a woman being force fed, which is a terrible thing to do. [3- 6] Level 3 As level 2, but uses contextual knowledge to support answers They were introduced as part of the campaign to attack the Liberal government. The government didn’t want women dying from hunger strike in their prisons, so it force fed them or passed the Cat and Mouse Act to let them go until they were better. The two posters show the horror of this. One shows a woman being held down, the other shows her helpless in a cat’s mouth. [7- 8]

10 Why do you think sources E and F were produced? Use the sources and your own knowledge to explain your answer. [8] I think that these posters were introduced to help women get the vote. What they are supposed to do is shock people into realising how badly treated the women were. If people understood how badly women were being treated then they might change their minds about whether they should have the vote or not. So the posters are all part of trying to get women the vote. Reads well, but makes no reference to the sources and has no detailed knowledge of context. Inferences based on common sense with no support. Level 1. Level 1 Generalised answers unsupported with details from the source [1-2]

11 Why do you think sources E and F were produced? Use the sources and your own knowledge to explain your answer. [8] They were introduced to show people how badly women who tried to get the vote were treated. At this time women were carrying out violent campaigns, which got them arrested. In jail they went on hunger strike. The government didn’t want them to die in prison, so it started force feeding them, which Source E shows was barbaric. It shows five people holding down the women while she is being force fed. Source F shows how the Suffragettes complained about the Liberals’ use of the Temporary Discharge of Prisoners Act. The prisons let women go and took them back once they had recovered. The Suffragettes called this the Cat and Mouse Act. This shows a helpless woman in the jaws of a “mean” cat. This was bound to win sympathy.

12 Why do you think sources E and F were produced? Use the sources and your own knowledge to explain your answer. [8] Level 1 Generalised answers unsupported with details from the source They were produced because women were fed up with the way they were treated for trying to get the vote. [1- 2] Level 2 Valid inferences supported from the sources They were introduced to oppose the way the Liberals were treating women. In Source E you can see a woman being force fed, which is a terrible thing to do. [3- 6] Level 3 As level 2, but uses contextual knowledge to support answers They were introduced as part of the campaign to attack the Liberal government. The government didn’t want women dying from hunger strike in their prisons, so it force fed them or passed the Cat and Mouse Act to let them go until they were better. The two posters show the horror of this. One shows a woman being held down, the other shows her helpless in a cat’s mouth. [7- 8]

13 Why do you think sources E and F were produced? Use the sources and your own knowledge to explain your answer. [8] They were introduced to show people how badly women who tried to get the vote were treated. At this time women were carrying out violent campaigns, which got them arrested. In jail they went on hunger strike. The government didn’t want them to die in prison, so it started force feeding them, which Source E shows was barbaric because it shows five people needing to hold her down. Source F shows how the Suffragettes complained about the Temporary Discharge of Prisoners Act. The prisons let women go and took them back once they had recovered. The Suffragettes called this the Cat and Mouse Act. This shows a helpless woman in the jaws of a “mean” cat. This was bound to win sympathy. An excellent answer. Both sources are referred to and inferences are supported. Knowledge of context is also shown. Full marks. Level 3 As level 2, but uses contextual knowledge to support answers [7-8]

14 What could a historian studying the Suffragettes learn from this source? Use the source and your own knowledge to explain your answer. [6] We believe that if we get the vote it will mean better conditions for our unfortunate sister. We believe that only through new laws can any improvements be made. We have tried every way. We have presented larger petitions than were ever presented before and succeeded in holding greater public meeting than men ever held. But we have been criticised and had contempt poured upon us. Violence is the only way that we have to get the power which every citizen should have – the same kind of power that the worst of men have. Emmeline Pankhurst speaking in her defence in court in 1912

15 What could a historian studying the Suffragettes learn from this source? Use the source and your own knowledge to explain your answer. [6] Level 1 Generalised comments which don’t make specific reference to the source We can learn that women were trying to get the vote. [1] Level 2 Answers which simply lift or quote information from the source From this source we can learn that women had presented larger and larger petitions about getting the vote. [2- 3] Level 3 Answers which make inferences from the information in the source Obviously by this time women were getting fed up about not being able to vote. Emmeline Pankhurst says that women have “tried every way” but none of them have been successful – so they need to turn to violence. [4- 5] Level 4 Answers which use contextual knowledge to support inferences Obviously by this time women were getting fed up about not being able to vote. Emmeline Pankhurst says that women have “tried every way” but none of them have been successful – so they need to turn to violence, as demonstrated by women attacking buildings or Emily Davison’s attempt to disrupt the Derby. [6]

16 “This source is obviously biased, so it is of no value to an historian studying attempts by women to win the vote”. Do you agree? Use the source and your own knowledge [8] A poster issued in 1912 by a group of artists supporting votes for women

17 “This source is obviously biased, so it is of no value to an historian studying attempts by women to win the vote”. Do you agree? Use the source and your own knowledge [8] Level 1 Answers which accept the statement as true Obviously if it is biased it would be no good because it wouldn’t tell the truth [1] Level 2 Answers which demonstrate how the source is biased It is biased. It shows women doing good things and the only men shown are doing bad things, so it is not telling the whole truth [2- 3] Level 3 Answers which show that information can be obtained from the source It might be biased but it still tells you all sorts of things, such as if men were convicts they could still vote. [4- 5] Level 4 Answers which use cross- referencing or contextual knowledge to dispute bias. It is biased because it only puts forward the women’s side. But it doesn’t actually say anything that is incorrect. It was true that women were able to be doctors or teachers and still not have the vote [6- 7] Level 5 Level 2, 3 or 4 plus a consideration of the value of the source in studying methods to win the vote The above, plus: The poster shows how some women campaigned for the vote. It is part of a non-violent campaign, which later became more violent through the Suffragettes [8]


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