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Chapter Four (Part I): Gamelan in Central Java
Layers of Influences on Java Indigenous animistic beliefs Hinduism Buddhism Islam (16th century)
Layers of Influences on Java (cont.) Various Indonesian kingdoms/empires Portuguese, Dutch, British colonial rule Independence in 1945
Javanese Tuning Systems Slendro –5 pitches (pentatonic) –Equidistant intervals (all “medium-sized”) Pelog –7 pitches (heptatonic) –Non-equidistant intervals (“big” and “small”) –5-pitch subsets
Loud Style vs. Soft Style Loud style –Bronze instruments in foreground –Elaboration by bronze instruments Soft style –Non-bronze instruments in foreground –Singing
Musical Layers in ladrang "Pangkur“ Underlying cycle (“colotomic”) Main melody (balungan) Elaboration (panerusan) Rhythmic control / drumming
Summary Layers of ideas, philosophies, and approaches Musical layers in gamelan music –colotomic (time marking) –tempo leader (drummer) –main melody (balungan) –elaboration
Summary (cont.) Two tuning systems –Slendro –Pelog Two different “styles” –“loud” style –“soft” style
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