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Chapter Four (Part I): Gamelan in Central Java
Layers of Influences on Java Indigenous animistic beliefs Hinduism Buddhism Islam (16th century)
Layers of Influences on Java (cont.) Various Indonesian kingdoms/empires Portuguese, Dutch, British colonial rule Independence in 1945
Javanese Tuning Systems Slendro –5 pitches (pentatonic) –Equidistant intervals (all “medium-sized”) Pelog –7 pitches (heptatonic) –Non-equidistant intervals (“big” and “small”) –5-pitch subsets
Loud Style vs. Soft Style Loud style –Bronze instruments in foreground –Elaboration by bronze instruments Soft style –Non-bronze instruments in foreground –Singing
Musical Layers in ladrang "Pangkur“ Underlying cycle (“colotomic”) Main melody (balungan) Elaboration (panerusan) Rhythmic control / drumming
Summary Layers of ideas, philosophies, and approaches Musical layers in gamelan music –colotomic (time marking) –tempo leader (drummer) –main melody (balungan) –elaboration
Summary (cont.) Two tuning systems –Slendro –Pelog Two different “styles” –“loud” style –“soft” style
Chapter Three: Gamelan in Cirebon. Indonesia 13,000+ islands, 300+ languages Former Dutch colony Bhinneka Tunggal Ika (“Unity in Diversity”)
Music of Indonesia: Java and Bali. Overview Nation of 17,000+ islands World’s 4 th most populous country National language: Indonesian Independence from.
Chapter Five: Sundanese Gamelan Salendro. Sundanese (West Java) Second-largest ethnic group –Language and culture: Sundanese 15th Century: Pajajaran vanquished.
Gamelan Music. Today you will: Learn where Gamelan music originates from. Learn about the different styles of Gamelan. Learn the instruments used.
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TEST # 1 (2 nd Half) Friday, 14 March 2014 (later this week) Covers only “Music of the Middle East” (chapter 3) Written only (no listening) Counts for.
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Chapter Four (Part II): Gamelan in Bali. Bali Hindu enclave in Muslim Indonesia Artistic activities part of everyday life –aesthetically pleasing things.
TEST # 1 (2 nd Half) Friday, 14 March 2014 (next class meeting) Covers only “Music of the Middle East” (chapter 3) Written only (no listening) Counts for.
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Week 12 - Africa Birthplace of mankind Separation of North and South due to divide of Sahara Until 100 Sub saharan had no literacy tradition Oral-aural.
1 Chapter 7: Music of Indonesia. 2 Terms & Ideas to know Gamelan Tuning and scales (Pélog and Sléndro) Gendhing Loud and Soft Playing styles
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Chapter 7. Republic of Indonesia 17,000 islands (close to 6,000 inhabited) Southeast Asia Formerly Dutch East Indies Company (colonized by Dutch) Independence:
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The Music of Java. Java’s Gamelan Two types of gamelan: Loud playing: outside, festivals, parades, noisy events (cd set :Kembang Pacar”) Soft playing:
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