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Chapter Four (Part I): Gamelan in Central Java. Layers of Influences on Java Indigenous animistic beliefs Hinduism Buddhism Islam (16th century)

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Presentation on theme: "Chapter Four (Part I): Gamelan in Central Java. Layers of Influences on Java Indigenous animistic beliefs Hinduism Buddhism Islam (16th century)"— Presentation transcript:

1 Chapter Four (Part I): Gamelan in Central Java

2 Layers of Influences on Java Indigenous animistic beliefs Hinduism Buddhism Islam (16th century)

3 Layers of Influences on Java (cont.) Various Indonesian kingdoms/empires Portuguese, Dutch, British colonial rule Independence in 1945

4 Javanese Tuning Systems Slendro –5 pitches (pentatonic) –Equidistant intervals (all “medium-sized”) Pelog –7 pitches (heptatonic) –Non-equidistant intervals (“big” and “small”) –5-pitch subsets

5 Loud Style vs. Soft Style Loud style –Bronze instruments in foreground –Elaboration by bronze instruments Soft style –Non-bronze instruments in foreground –Singing

6 Musical Layers in ladrang "Pangkur“ Underlying cycle (“colotomic”) Main melody (balungan) Elaboration (panerusan) Rhythmic control / drumming

7 Summary Layers of ideas, philosophies, and approaches Musical layers in gamelan music –colotomic (time marking) –tempo leader (drummer) –main melody (balungan) –elaboration

8 Summary (cont.) Two tuning systems –Slendro –Pelog Two different “styles” –“loud” style –“soft” style


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