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Inform and Explain Out Loud Writing an informational/explanatory speech.

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Presentation on theme: "Inform and Explain Out Loud Writing an informational/explanatory speech."— Presentation transcript:

1 Inform and Explain Out Loud Writing an informational/explanatory speech

2 The Standard W Write informative/explanatory texts to examine and convey complex ideas, concepts, and information clearly and accurately through the effective selection, organization, and analysis of content. W Write informative/explanatory texts to examine and convey complex ideas, concepts, and information clearly and accurately through the effective selection, organization, and analysis of content.

3 Choose a topic What would be of interest to you? What would be of interest to you? What would be of interest to your classmates? What would be of interest to your classmates? What is “new” information for you and your classmates? What is “new” information for you and your classmates? Can you find information about this topic? Can you find information about this topic?

4 Research and Gather Your guide for topics (related to themes in Lord of the Flies): Your guide for topics (related to themes in Lord of the Flies): Psychological problems – depression, loneliness, aggressive behaviors, phobias, power/control issues, Symbols of power in our and other cultures Human rights violation Wilderness and survival Societal stigmas (obesity, shy behaviors, social anxieties) Leadership (famous leaders) Birth order Anarchism/dictatorships Rebellions Plane crashes Nervous habits – nail biting, hair twisting, etc.

5 What information should you include? Standard: Develop topic thoroughly by selecting the most significant and relevant facts, definitions, details, quotes, or other information and examples appropriate to the audience’s knowledge base. Standard: Develop topic thoroughly by selecting the most significant and relevant facts, definitions, details, quotes, or other information and examples appropriate to the audience’s knowledge base. Don’t tell us what we already know, but make sure to provide us with information that’s important. Don’t tell us what we already know, but make sure to provide us with information that’s important.

6 Organize your gathered information Standard: Introduce a topic; organize complex ideas, concepts and information so that each new element builds on which it precedes to create a unified whole. Standard: Introduce a topic; organize complex ideas, concepts and information so that each new element builds on which it precedes to create a unified whole. What should go first? A definition? An explanation? What logically follows that? What should go first? A definition? An explanation? What logically follows that?

7 Develop your topic - Example The symbol of the butterfly – what is it? What does it look like? The symbol of the butterfly – what is it? What does it look like? Long been a Christian symbol of resurrection Long been a Christian symbol of resurrection Bible verses Bible verses Seen around Easter Seen around Easter Where else is it used? Seen? Where else is it used? Seen? Different types of butterflies Different types of butterflies Also a symbol of metamorphosis Also a symbol of metamorphosis Take these bits of information and develop into organized information Take these bits of information and develop into organized information Make sure info is IMPORTANT and INTERESTING Make sure info is IMPORTANT and INTERESTING

8 Writing your speech Introduce topic with an attention getter Introduce topic with an attention getter Organize your information logically Organize your information logically Use appropriate language to clarify the relationships among complex ideas and concepts. Create links and transitions (use your transition sheet!) Use appropriate language to clarify the relationships among complex ideas and concepts. Create links and transitions (use your transition sheet!)

9 Use your words! Each subject is going to have precise language and domain specific vocabulary - in other words, each subject has its own appropriate lingo Each subject is going to have precise language and domain specific vocabulary - in other words, each subject has its own appropriate lingo Use examples, comparisons, and analogies to make a complex issue or explanation less so Use examples, comparisons, and analogies to make a complex issue or explanation less so

10 Examples of using your words! Resurrection = rebirth Resurrection = rebirth symbol of the spiritual evolution all Christians go through. Butterflies represent rebirth and a new beginning.symbol of the spiritual evolution all Christians go through. Butterflies represent rebirth and a new beginning. in literature and art, butterflies (usually) symbolize transitoriness= they don't live long (transitory) in literature and art, butterflies (usually) symbolize transitoriness= they don't live long (transitory)

11 Don’t take that tone with me! Establish and maintain a formal style and objective tone while attending to the norms and conventions of the discipline of the informational/explanatory speech Establish and maintain a formal style and objective tone while attending to the norms and conventions of the discipline of the informational/explanatory speech Your TONE for this speech: You are providing information. It needs to be objective – no opinions, just information/facts, but make it interesting Your TONE for this speech: You are providing information. It needs to be objective – no opinions, just information/facts, but make it interesting

12 So how does it end? Provide a concluding statement or section that follows from and supports information or explanation presented. Provide a concluding statement or section that follows from and supports information or explanation presented. Wrap it up! Revisit main points, summarize information, end it with a bang! Wrap it up! Revisit main points, summarize information, end it with a bang!


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