Presentation on theme: "The ABCs of the USA Unit 5: Text A"— Presentation transcript:
1 The ABCs of the USA Unit 5: Text A 21st Century College English: Book 3Unit 5: Text AThe ABCsof the USA
2 Writing and Reading Skills Language Points Guided Practice Assignment Unit 5: Text ALead-in ActivitiesText OrganizationWriting and Reading SkillsLanguage PointsGuided PracticeAssignmentThe ABCs of the USA
3 2. How do you know about America? What do think of this country? Lead-in ActivitiesWarm-up Questions1. Nowadays many people are surging into America, how will you comment on this?2. How do you know about America? What do think of this country?3. If you were given the chance to choose a foreign country to live, will you choose America? Why or why not?
4 The ABC of the U.S.A: America, Seen with European Eyes Text OrganizationThe ABC of the U.S.A: America, Seen with European EyesBring about the main focus of the text and make clear that the author comes form Britain while his wife is all-American.Paras. 1-2II. Explanation of America. (In an A-to-Z list to identify differences between America and other countries.)Paras. 3-28
5 Identifying the writer’s purpose in reading materials: Writing and Reading SkillsThe main writing skill in this text is LISTING. There are many different way of using listing. The author prefers an A-to-Z explanation arranged according to the sequence of alphabetical order. It is equally effective to use numerical order or apply phrases such as “ one of the features” and “another feature”.Identifying the writer’s purpose in reading materials:Some of the clues that you can watch for to help you identify what kind of writing you’re dealing with include:
6 Writing and Reading Skills a) Informational wring features facts, observations and evidence, not opinions or value judgments. The writer may present theories to explain the facts, but the aim is not so much to change the reader’s opinion as it is to clarify a question or situation.b) Persuasive writing features emotional appeals: opinions and arguments, rhetorical questions, evaluating language and/or judgmental language.c) Texts written mainly to entertain can, of course, be very varied — but they often use rather informal language, simple sentence structure, dialogs, puns and or figures of speech.
7 The ABCs of the USA Text A: American Seen with European Eyes Language PointsText A:The ABCs of the USAAmerican Seen with European EyesBy Michael Dobbs
8 American Seen with European Eyes Language PointsThe ABCs of the USAAmerican Seen with European EyesBy Michael Dobbs1 America can be a strange experience for a foreigner. My wife and I arrived in the United States in January after seven years overseas — four in France, three in Poland. From the jumble of first impressions, we compiled an A-to-Z explanation of why America can be such a foreign country to those who arrive here from Europe.
9 Language Points2 I should explain at the outset that I am from Britain, but my Florida-born wife Lisa is as American as apple pie. In our list, however, A doesn't stand for apple pie. It stands for:3 Ambition. In the Old World, people are taught to hide it. Here it‘’s quite proper to announce that you’re after the boss’s job or want to make a million dollars by the age of 30.4 Breakfast. The American habit of conducting business at breakfast has reached Europe, but I doubt it will ever really catch on. In France and Britain, breakfast is a family affair. Here, it’s become part of the power game.
10 Language Points5 Credit Cards. You really can’t leave home without them. It’s interesting, and somewhat frustrating, to discover that bad credit is better than no credit at all: I was refused a VISA card on the grounds that I didn't have a credit profile.6 Dreams. The American Dream is still very much alive. Dreaming great dreams is what keeps American society going — from the waitress who wants to become a car dealer to the street kid who wants to become a basketball star. Europeans dream dreams too, but don't seem to believe in them so much.
11 Language Points7 Exercise. A couple of years ago I came to Washington with some French journalists. As our bus passed a health club on the way to the hotel, the French visitors cheered at the sight of body-conscious Americans bending, stretching and leaping around. America's obsession with physical fitness really amuses — and puzzles —Europeans.8 First names. In Europe, people progress in a natural and orderly way from the use of last names to the use of first names. Here, it’s first names at first sight. This can cause confusion for Europeans. With everyone on a first-name basis, how can you tell your acquaintances from your friends?
12 Language Points9 Gadgets. These can be addictive. It’s difficult to imagine now how we survived for so long without automatic ice machines and microwave ovens.10 Hardware Stores. If I were in charge of arranging the programs of visiting delegations from less-developed countries, I’d include a compulsory visit to a hardware store. These temples of American capitalism reveal a whole range of American values, from the do-it-yourself pioneer spirit through a love of comfort that absolutely astonishes most foreigners.
13 Language Points11 Insurance. Americans have policies to cover every possible risk, no matter how remote. So far, we’ve refused supplementary insurance for our car radio, death insurance for our mortgage and accident insurance for our cat. It gives us a feeling of living dangerously.Junk food. Anyone who wants to understand why Americans suffer from higher rates of cancer and heart disease only has to look at what they eat.13 Ketchup. I had to come to America to discover that it can be eaten with anything — from French fries to French cheese.
14 Language Points14 Lines. American lines — beginning with the yellow line at immigration control — are the most orderly in the world. The British queue, once internationally renowned, has begun to decay in recent years. The French queue was never very impressive, and the Italian line is simply a mob.15 Money. In Europe, everybody likes money, but no one shows it off. Unless it’s been in the family for several generations, there’s often an assumption that it was acquired dishonestly. In America, no one cares how you got it.
15 Language Points16 No smoking. No longer just a polite request in America, this phrase has become the law. Nobody would dare ask a Frenchman to put out his Galoise in a restaurant.17 Oliver North. What other major Western democracy lets army officers take over foreign policy? A hero for some, a traitor for others, Ollie (see First Names) is an example of an American recklessness that awes and alarms Europeans.18 Patriots. They exist everywhere, of course, but the American version is louder and more self-conscious than the European. In Britain, it's taken for granted that politicians love their country. Here, they're expected to prove it.
16 Language Points19 Quiet. American cities are quieter than European cities — thanks to noise controls on automobiles and to recent environmental legislation. This was a major surprise for someone brought up to assume that America was a noisy place.20 Religion. The idea of putting preachers on TV is alarming to Europeans. It’s even more alarming to see them in action.21 Sales. Ever since arriving in Washington, we’ve been hurrying to take advantage of this week’s unrepeatable offer, only to discover that it’s usually repeated next week. We’re just catching on that there’s always an excuse for a sale.
17 Language Points22 Television. That grown-ups can watch game shows and sitcoms at 11 AM amazes me — but the national habit, day or night, is contagious. I recently found myself nodding in agreement with a professor who was saying that American kids watch too much television. Then I realized that I was watching him say this on television.23 Ulcers. See Work.
18 Language Points24 Visas. Americans don’t need visas to visit Britain (or most European countries, for that matter). To enter the United States, I had to sign a document promising that I would not overthrow the government by force and had no criminal record. One wonders if many terrorists and criminals answer “yes” on these questionnaires.25 Work. People in less developed countries often imagine that they can become rich simply by emigrating to America. But America became a wealthy society through work, work and more work. It’s still true.
19 Language Points26 X-rated movies. We have them in Europe too, but not on motel-room TVs.27 Yuppies. The European counterpart remains a pale shadow of the all-American original. The animal seems more ambitious, and more common, on this side of the Atlantic.28 Zillion. What other nation would invent a number that’s infinitely more than a billion? America may not always be the best, but it certainly thinks big.
20 e.g. jumble — n. a confused or untidy group of things the jumble which covers the surface of the deskHe found an untidy jumble of things in the drawer.
21 at the outset— at the beginninge.g.You should explain this to him at the outset.At the outset of his career, he didn't earn very much money.
22 as American as apple pie — typically AmericanSince apple pie is a common dessert in the U.S.A, this comparison emphasizes that Lisa, the writer's wife, is a typical American.
23 stand for— represent; meane.g.The olive branch stands for peace.The abbreviation NSPCC stands for National Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children.
24 ambition— n. strong desire for success, power, money, etc.Ambition also means the desire eventually to become or do something special.Examples:Her lifelong ambition was to be a teacher.He has always had an ambition to go to New York.e.g.That politician is full of ambition.Too much ambition caused John to act selfishly.
25 after— prep. in search of; with a desire fore.g.I'm after a tie to go with this shirt.I'm sure she's after my husband.
26 Will helicopters ever catch on as a common mode of transport? — 1. become popular 流行起来2. understand 懂得, 理解Translation:那首新歌很快流行了起来.e.g.Will helicopters ever catch on as a common mode of transport?The best thing about this new worker is that he catches on very fast.The second time the teacher explained the problem, the boy caught on.Key:That new song caught on quickly.
27 catch on— 1. become popular 流行起来2. understand 懂得, 理解Translation:那首新歌很快流行了起来.Key:That new song caught on quickly.
28 Here, it's become part of the power game. — a situation in which different people or groups are competing for powerParaphrase?KeyHere in America, breakfast has become one of the activities in the competition for power.
29 I was refused a VISA card on the grounds that I didn't have a credit profile. Visa International is a credit card and payment system company based in Foster City, near San Francisco, California, U.S.A. Visa is the world's largest consumer payment company, with more than 500 million cards issued and more than half of the world's market in transactions. Visa is collectively owned by more than 20,000 member financial institutions around the world. These institutions issue Visa cards, and each establishes the terms that it will offer to consumers, such as rates and fees.More to learn
30 — a short description of a person's reputation in money matters I was refused a VISA card on the grounds that I didn't have a credit profile.credit profile— a short description of a person's reputation in money mattersMore to learn
31 on the grounds that Paraphrase ? I was refused a VISA card on the grounds that I didn't have a credit profile.on the grounds that— because 根据, 以…为理由e.g.His request was disallowed on the grounds that he was not a full member of the club.He was always declining their invitations on the grounds of ill health.Paraphrase?KeyI failed to get a VISA card because I didn't have anything in the written form to prove my credit.
32 dealer— n. a person whose business involves buying and selling 商人；证券经纪人Compare: dealer and businessmanBoth a dealer and a businessman are people doing business, but a dealer is a trader who handles a certain type of goods and has a specialized knowledge of these goods, while a businessman is a person who not only works in business, but also is the manager of a company.Examples:a used-car dealera dealer in antique（古董）furnitureHe was a successful businessman before becoming a writer.
33 the French visitors cheered at the sight of body-conscious Americans bending, stretching and leaping aroundat the sight of— as soon as seeing (sth. or sb.) 一见之下; 立即e.g.Jane fainted at the sight of blood.The child laughed at the sight of the clockwork toy.More to learn
34 the French visitors cheered at the sight of body-conscious Americans bending, stretching and leaping aroundThe combining form — conscious is used to combine with words such as “safety”, “energy”, “weight”, “figure”, “health”, etc. to form compounds which indicate that a person thinks this particular aspect of a situation is important, and is aware of or worried about it.e.g.We have to be very safety-conscious with this sort of machine.He is so weight-conscious — I've never seen anyone so careful about what they eat.
35 obsession— n. a fixed idea from which the mind cannot be freede.g.Taylor's fascination with bees developed into an obsession.His obsession with motorbikes infuriates（激怒）his wife.
36 In Europe, people progress in a natural and orderly way from the use of last names to the use of first names. Here, it's first names at first sight.In Europe, people use last names in talking to each other when they first meet and don't yet know each other well, and then, unconsciously and step by step, they begin to use first names as they get to know each other better. But here in America, people use first names even when they meet for the first time.Translation ?Key:在欧洲，人们从用姓到用名，有一个自然有序发展的过程，在这儿,第一次见面就直呼其名。
37 addictive— a. causing a person to be so used to sth. that the person cannot stop using ite.g.Cocaine（可卡因）and nicotine（尼古丁）are addictive substances.The problem with PC games is that they are addictive.
38 be in charge of— be responsible fore.g.Mr. Smith is in charge of this project.Who will be in charge of the department when David leaves?
39 do-it-yourself— the activity of making or repairing things oneself, instead of paying workmene.g.The popularity of do-it-yourself (DIY) has put a lot of decorators out of business.A new DIY store has just opened.
40 Translate into Chinese ? Americans have policies to cover every possible risk, no matter how remote.policy— n. a document which shows the agreement one has made with an insurance companyremote— a. (of a possibility, etc) very unlikely to happen; slightTranslate into Chinese?Key美国人对每一种可能的风险都买保险，无论那种风险多么微小。
41 mortgage— n. 抵押；抵押贷款— vt. use (one's land or house) as a guarantee to the lending institution in order to borrow money from it 抵押e.g.We had a party when we made the last payment on our home mortgage.I mortgaged the house so my children could go to college.
42 the yellow line at immigration control the line marked in yellow at international airports in the U.S.A. for people to stand along and have their passports checked by immigration officersNote that the word line in the sentence is used in two different meanings. Here it is a long, thin mark drawn or painted on a surface, but in “American lines” it means a queue, or a number of people standing one behind another forming a continuous row.More to learn
43 e.g. the yellow line at immigration control immigration The biologist studied the route of the birds' migration.The researcher examined the effects of migration on refugees.The persecuted (受迫害的) family looked forward to emigration.There are strict limits on immigration into the country.immigration— n. the coming of people into a country in order to work or settle thereCompare: migration, emigration and immigrationMigration refers to the movement of numbers of people or creatures from place to place，emigration means leaving one's country to live in another, while immigration is the process of coming into a new country to live.
44 A queue of customers waited for the bank to open. — n. a line of people waiting (for a bus, to be served, to enter a place, etc.)— vi. form or join a line 排队(等候)e.g.A queue of customers waited for the bank to open.The tourists queued up in front of the palace.
45 e.g. no one shows it off show off — try to impress people and make them admire your ability, achievements, or possessionsshow sth. off— show sth. to a lot of people because you are very proud of ite.g.Pay no attention to Susan — she’s just showing off.Peter was keen to show off his new car.
46 People often make assumptions that turn out to be false. — n. 1. sth. that is taken as true without proof 假定；臆断2. the taking (of power or responsibility) 夺取；篡夺e.g.People often make assumptions that turn out to be false.My assumption was that you would remember the appointment, so I didn't remind you.The rebel's sudden assumption of power shocked the whole nation.
47 Oliver North— 奥利弗·诺斯Oliver North was former military aide to the US National Security Council, whose name became a household word over the course of the Iran-Contra Affair, American political scandal of 1985 and 1986, in which high-ranking members in the administration of President Ronald Reagan arranged for the secret sales of arms to Iran in direct violation of existing United States laws. The dual goal was to better American relations with Iran and obtain release of American hostages held in Lebanon by pro-Iranian terrorists. Profits from the $30 million in arms sales went to the Nicaraguan right wing “contra” guerrillas to supply arms. North was instrumental in setting up a covered network for providing support to the contras with ship, airplanes, airfield, and secret bank accounts.
48 e.g. bring up — nurture and educate (a child) 养育; 教育 When their parents died, an aunt brought them up.David was brought up to respect teachers.
49 Translate into Chinese ? see them in actionIf you see someone or something in action, you see them doing the job or activity that they are trained or designed to do.e.g.exciting photos of ski jumpers in actionI’d like to see the new computer system in action.Translate into Chinese?Key看到他们真的上了电视
50 Ever since arriving in Washington, we’ve been hurrying to take advantage of this week's unrepeatable offer, only to discover that it's usually repeated next weektake advantage of— make use of; profit from 利用e.g.You should take advantage of the low prices and buy.The government's complicated tax rules take advantage of the people who don't understand them.More to learn
51 Translate into Chinese ? Ever since arriving in Washington, we’ve been hurrying to take advantage of this week's unrepeatable offer, only to discover that it's usually repeated next weekonly to do sth.— to do sth. as a disappointing or surprising resulte.g.Scott arrived at the South Pole only to find that Amundsen had got there before him.Key自从到达华盛顿以后，我们总是急匆匆地赶去享受本周的一次性削价优惠，结果却发现下周又会出现这种优惠。Translate into Chinese?More to do
52 only to do sth.Rewrite each of the following sentences, using an “only + to infinitive” clause. (Ex. X)1. After driving all night we got to Amy's place, and then we unexpectedly discovered that she was away for the weekend. We drove all night [to get] to Amy’s place, only to discover that she was away for the weekend.More to do
53 only to do sth.Rewrite each of the following sentences, using an “only + to infinitive” clause. (Ex. X)2. He spent ages negotiating for a pay increase, and then he unexpectedly resigned from his job soon after he'd received it. He spent ages negotiating for a pay increase, only to resign from his job soon after he’d received it.More to do
54 only to do sth.Rewrite each of the following sentences, using an “only + to infinitive” clause. (Ex. X)3. He spent four years getting a degree, and then he was surprised to learn that there were no jobs for graduates. He spent for years getting a degree, only to learn that there were no jobs for graduates.More to do
55 only to do sth.Rewrite each of the following sentences, using an “only + to infinitive” clause. (Ex. X)4. I hurried to the shop, and then was surprised to find it was closed. I hurried to the shop only to find it was closed.More to do
56 only to do sth.Rewrite each of the following sentences, using an “only + to infinitive” clause. (Ex. X)5. Scott arrived at the South Pole on January 18th, and then unexpectedly found that Amudsen had got there before him. Scott arrived at the South Pole on January 18th, only to find that Amudsen had got there before him.More to do
57 only to do sth.Rewrite each of the following sentences, using an “only + to infinitive” clause. (Ex. X)6. I raced home to tell my family the good news, and then unexpectedly fell down the stairs and broke my leg. I raced home to tell my family the good news, only to fall down the stairs and break my leg.
58 contagious— a. 1. (of a feeling or attitude) spreading quickly from person to person (情绪等)感染性的2. (of a disease) that can spread from person to person (疾病)传染的e.g.Laughter is often contagious.The flu is a highly contagious disease.
59 e.g. in agreement with — 同意，赞同 The business partners were never in agreement with each other about marketing strategies.As to this matter, I'm in complete agreement with you.
60 for that matter— (used to show that a statement is true in another situation or that it can also refer to another person)e.g.I'm going to bed early, and so for that matter should you (= you should also).Don't talk like that to your mother — or to anyone else for that matter (= nor to anyone else either).
61 e.g. by force — by fierce or violent means 用武力或强迫手段 The soldiers took the castle by force.The police had to scatter the crowd by force.
62 X-rated movies— movies having a rating of X, movies that are relating to or characterized by explicit sexual material or activity, produced for exhibition or viewing by adult audiencesToday the Motion Picture Association of America (MPAA) rates films to provide guidance to viewers about what kind of material the movie is likely to contain. There are five ratings. “G” (General) indicates that the film is suitable for all ages. “PG” (Parental Guidance) means that some material may be inappropriate for children. “PG-13” means that some material may be unsuitable for children under age 13. “R” (Restricted) means that anyone under age 17 must be accompanied by a parent or adult guardian. “NC-17” (No Children under 17) means that no one under age 17 is admitted.
63 Yuppies— n. 雅皮士 (Young Urban Professional的缩写， 即城市 职业阶层中的年轻人士)Yuppies usually have a derogative meaning of a young middle-class professional person working in a city. It is an acronym（首字母缩合词）and derivation（派生词）of “young urban professionals”.
64 The European counterpart remains a pale shadow of the all-American original. be a (pale) shadow of— be less powerful or influential or effective thane.g.The new minister is a pale shadow of his predecessor.She used to be a great player, but now she's only a shadow of her former self.More to learn
65 The European counterpart remains a pale shadow of the all-American original. — a. a thing from which another is copied, imitated or translatedParaprase?e.g.The original of this painting is in Rome.I shall keep the original of this report. You can have a photocopy if you want.KeyThe European yuppies are much less impressive than the typical yuppies of America where they originated.
66 e.g. think big — have ambitious ideas He certainly thinks big, but rarely takes any action.Traditionally, one is expected to be modest rather than think big.
67 Vocabulary Cloze Translation Structure Writing Guided Practice The ABCs of the USA
68 Exercises • Vocabulary 《读写教程 III》: Ex. III, p. 139
69 VocabularyIII. Fill in the blanks with the words given below. Change the form where necessary.compile ambition orderly confusion acquaintance supplementrenowned impressive assumption amuse legislation emigrate1. Politicians are always promising to introduce __________ to raise salaries and lower taxes.legislation2. The new poetry collection was __________ from a wide variety of sources and includes poems from twelve countries and seven centuries.compiled
70 VocabularyIII. Fill in the blanks with the words given below. Change the form where necessary.compile ambition orderly confusion acquaintance supplementrenowned impressive assumption amuse legislation emigrate3. Every culture is full of beliefs and __________ that most people never question until they come into contact with another culture.assumptions4. Many people who __________ to America in hopes of becoming rich are surprised at how hard they have to work.emigrate
71 5. He has a wide circle of ______________ but very few close friends. VocabularyIII. Fill in the blanks with the words given below. Change the form where necessary.compile ambition orderly confusion acquaintance supplementrenowned impressive assumption amuse legislation emigrate5. He has a wide circle of ______________ but very few close friends.acquaintances6. She's a __________ tennis player, but her real __________ is to become a writer.renownedambition
72 VocabularyIII. Fill in the blanks with the words given below. Change the form where necessary.compile ambition orderly confusion acquaintance supplementrenowned impressive assumption amuse legislation emigrate7. To avoid __________, you'd better start by explaining the whole idea from beginning to end in an __________ way.confusionorderly8. When you take a small child on a long trip, you need to bring lots of books and toys to keep him or her __________.amused
73 9. Most visitors to Shanghai find it a very __________________ city. VocabularyIII. Fill in the blanks with the words given below. Change the form where necessary.compile ambition orderly confusion acquaintance supplementrenowned impressive assumption amuse legislation emigrate9. Most visitors to Shanghai find it a very __________________ city.impressive/amusing10. They teach at night school to __________ their income, which otherwise wouldn't be sufficient to live on.supplement
75 ClozeSelect the most appropriate word from the four choices given. The choice “0” means that no additional word is appropriate.One of the most striking things about Americans is that they seem to expect everyone to like them wherever they go. Americans aren't of course the only people in the world who take __1__ that their cultural standards are generally admired—monoculturalism is typical __2__ every society in the world. But it isn't __3__ that Americans seemA. advantageB. grantedC. it as advantageD. it for granted2. A. for B. ofC. to D. 03. A. admirationB. admiringC. to be admiredD. you to admireDBA
76 Clozeto expect—they seem to expect __4__. This phenomenon, which the rest of the world finds both amusing and , may be at least partly to the American definition of friendliness. To Americans, friendliness means informal and cheerful and open to other people, even before you know them __8__ to be sure you like them. And it's important to note that real friendship may certainly arise4. A. being likedB. to be alikeC. to be likedD. you like5. A. being frustrated B. frustrate C. frustrated D. frustrating6. A. because B. beingC. having been D. to be7. A. addiction B. enthusiasmC. enthusiast D. obsession8. A. as well B. enough wellC. enough D. well enough9. A. although B. as though C. unless D. untilCDCBDA
77 Cloze__10__ acting friendly in this way, Americans do not mistake __11__ being friends. This can, of course, cause when Americans meet people from more reserved cultures. But if you consider __13__ American history, it's easier to see where this pattern of behavior comes from. In the pioneer days, if you acted too reserved and formal, no one __14__ any reason to help you if you got inA10. A. from B. inC. of D. 011. A. as B. inC. to D. for12. A. confuseB. confusedC. confusing D. confusion13. A. about B. at14. A. would giveB. would haveC. would have hadD. would’veDDDB
78 Clozetrouble (__15__ there was plenty of in the pioneer days). Having a wide circle of friendly acquaintances was a key 16 survival, so “friendliness” became a glorified pattern of behavior that every generation of Americans is trained to _17__ in a high degree. They're so good at being friendly – and it works at home – so Americans' __18__ is that it will work everywhere.C15. A. and B. thatC. which D. 016. A. for B. ofC. to D. 017. A. exhibitB. documentC. profile D. supplement18. A. ambitionB. assumptionC. confusionD. obsessionCAB
79 Translation — Chinese to English Ex. XIIEx. XIII
80 Translation — Chinese to English 《读写教程 III》: Ex. XII, p. 145
81 Translation — Chinese to English America can be a strange experience for a foreigner. My wife and I arrived in the United States in January after seven years overseas — four in France, three in Poland. From the jumble of first impressions, we compiled an A-to-Z explanation of why America can be such a foreign country to those who arrive here from Europe.I should explain at the outset that I am from Britain, but my Florida-born wife Lisa is as American as apple pie. In our list, however, A doesn’t stand for apple pie. It stands for:Ambition. In the Old World, people are taught to hide it. Here it’s quite proper to announce that you’re after the boss’s job or want to make a million dollars by the age of 30.America can be a strange experience for a foreigner. My wife and I arrived in the United States in January after seven years overseas — four in France, three in Poland. From the jumble of first impressions, we compiled an A-to-Z explanation of why America can be such a foreign country to those who arrive here from Europe.America can be a strange experience for a foreigner. My wife and I arrived in the United States in January after seven years overseas — four in France, three in Poland. From the jumble of first impressions, we compiled an A-to-Z explanation of why America can be such a foreign country to those who arrive here from Europe.从杂乱的初步印象中我们编了一套从A到Z的解释莉萨是个地道的美国人I should explain at the outset that I am from Britain, but my Florida-born wife Lisa is as American as apple pie. In our list, however, A doesn’t stand for apple pie. It stands for:在这儿，你宣称要谋取上司的职位或者想在30岁前赚到一百万美元也十分正当。Ambition. In the Old World, people are taught to hide it. Here it’s quite proper to announce that you’re after the boss’s job or want to make a million dollars by the age of 30.
82 Translation — Chinese to English 《读写教程 III》: Ex. XIII, p. 146
83 Translation — Chinese to English 1. 为了帮助外国投资者更好地了解上海，他们根据能找到的各种资料来源汇编了这本上海指南。get a better understanding of Shanghaithe various sources they could findcompileTo help foreign investors get a better understanding of Shanghai, they’ve compiled this little guide from the various sources they could find.
84 Translation — Chinese to English 2. 他是在计划实现之后才让大家知道的那种人。He is the sort of personkeep his plans to himself until they’re realizedHe is the sort of person who prefers to keep his plans to himself until they’re realized.
85 Translation — Chinese to English 3. 我千里迢迢到纽约来看他，结果却发现他两天前出国了。come to New York from far awayonly to findI came to New York from far away to see him, only to find he had gone abroad two days before.
86 Translation — Chinese to English 4. 现在很难想象没有电、没有电视、没有电话，我们是如何生存了如此之久的。it is difficult to imaginesurviveIt is difficult to imagine now how we’ve survived for so long without electricity, television or telephone.
87 Translation — Chinese to English 5. 只要钱是老老实实赚来的，新政策鼓励人们变得富有。encourageacquired honestlyThe new policy encourages people to become wealthy if the money has been acquired honestly.
88 Translation — Chinese to English 6. 如果我负责这个项目，我会更好地利用现有的资金。make better use ofbe in charge ofthe money that is availableIf I were in charge of the project, I’d make better use of the money that’s available.
89 Translation — Chinese to English 7. 他们拒绝给他进入这个国家的签证，理由是他是个危险分子。an entry permiton the grounds thatHe was refused an entry permit on the grounds that he was a dangerous person.
90 Translation — Chinese to English 8. 老师没有多久就发现, 汤姆总有迟交作业的借口。it didn’t take sb. long to catch onan excuse for being late with the assignmentsIt didn’t take the teacher long to catch on that Tom always had an excuse for being late with the assignments.
91 Structured WritingStructured WritingThe main writing skill in text A is LISTING. The author prefers an A-to-Z explanation arranged according to the sequence of alphabetical order. It is equally effective to use numerical order or apply phrases such as “one of the features” and “another feature”, as in the following example.Sample EssayWrite your own
92 Sample Essay Structured Writing Shanghai is famous as a paradise for shopping.One of the features of Shanghai is the number of big stores. They are spacious, with many high stories, in which you can buy almost anything you want, from a box of matches to a suite of furniture. Most of them are very modern, equipped with speedy elevators and escalators, well-planned lighting, ventilation, and heating. You can spend hours wandering around one of these stores, leisurely inspecting the items for sale. If you stay in a store so long that you feel hungry, you need not leave the building, for almost all the big stores have cafes, snack bars or restaurants.
93 Sample Essay Structured Writing Another feature of Shanghai's shopping is the chain-store, in which prices are usually lower and a wider variety of items are offered –mainly foodstuffs, household items, clothing and stationery. The items are displayed on open counters. Most of the chain-stores operate on the “serve yourself” method: you go in, pick up a basket, walk round the shop and choose what you want. At the exit there is a checkout lane where you pay for everything at one time.
94 Write Your Own Structured Writing Now use the writing technique of LISTING to write a short composition of about 150 words. Here are some ideas you can choose from if you like.some pieces of advice for English language learningsome differences between families in China and Americasome points that foreigners might feel confused about Chinasome points I have learned from my foreign teacherAn A-to-Z explanation of China
95 1. Review Text A2. Do exercises:• Cloze (Ex. XI, p. 144)• Translation (Ex. XII& XIII, p. 146)3. Structured Writing (p. 148)Assignment
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