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Chapter 10 America Claims An Empire. Ch 10 Id and Define Section 1 Queen Liluokalani Imperialism Alfred T. Mahan William Seward Pearl Harbor Sanford B.

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Presentation on theme: "Chapter 10 America Claims An Empire. Ch 10 Id and Define Section 1 Queen Liluokalani Imperialism Alfred T. Mahan William Seward Pearl Harbor Sanford B."— Presentation transcript:

1 Chapter 10 America Claims An Empire

2 Ch 10 Id and Define Section 1 Queen Liluokalani Imperialism Alfred T. Mahan William Seward Pearl Harbor Sanford B. Dole Section 2 Jose Marti Valeriano Weyler Yellow journalism U.S.S. Maine George Dewey Rough Riders San Juan Hill Treaty of Paris Section 3 Foraker Act Platt Amendment Protectorate Emilio Aguinaldo John Hay Open Door Notes Boxer Rebellion Section 4 Panama Canal Roosevelt Corollary Dollar diplomacy Francisco “Pancho” Villa Emiliano Zapata John J. Pershing

3 Section 1 Imperialism and America  American Expansionism Imperialism, policy in which stronger nations extend their economic, political, or military control over weaker territories Imperialism, policy in which stronger nations extend their economic, political, or military control over weaker territories Global competition Global competition European nations had been establishing colonies for centuriesEuropean nations had been establishing colonies for centuries

4 American manifest destiny  Desire for Military Strength  Thirst for new Markets  Belief in Cultural Superiority

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6 The United States Acquires Alaska  Secretary of state William Seward ( under Lincoln and Johnson) convinced the U.S. to buy Alaska from Russia  7.2 Million dollars or 2 cents an acre  Nick named Seward’s Folly or Seward’s Ice box Rich in Oil, gold, timber and minerals Rich in Oil, gold, timber and minerals

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9 The United States Takes Hawaii  American merchants had lived on the Hawaiian islands since 1790’s They sold sugar cane mostly to America They sold sugar cane mostly to America  In the Mid-19 th century Americans owned about ¾ of the wealth  The McKinley Tariff provoked a crisis by eliminating duty free sugar  The planters called for annexation

10 The End of a Monarchy  Hawaii for Hawaiians agenda of Queen Liliuokalani after she took over from her father King Kalakaua  encouraged revolt by American Sugar growers  Ambassador John L. Stevens organized a revolution with the help of the marines

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12 US troops in Hawaii

13 Cont.  Sanford B. Dole headed the new government  President Cleveland directed the queen be restored to her throne  Power was never truly restored  After William McKinley took office he annexed it on August 12, 1898 during the Spanish American war

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16 Section 2Spanish-American War  Cubans Rebel Against Spain A colony for over 300 years A colony for over 300 years  Spain sent The Butcher Weyler (Valeriano Weyler) to crush the rebellion  Yellow journalism Incites and adds to the resentment against Spain Incites and adds to the resentment against Spain De Lome – Spanish Ambassador wrote a letter in which he bad mouthed McKinley De Lome – Spanish Ambassador wrote a letter in which he bad mouthed McKinley The explosion of the U.S.S. Maine was blamed on Spain The explosion of the U.S.S. Maine was blamed on Spain

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18 Cont.  On April 30, 1898 Commodore George Dewey attacked the Spanish in the Philippine (Filipinos)  Rough Riders led by Theodore Roosevelt along with the10th Calvary – take Cuba  Treaty of Paris John Hay called it “a splendid little war” John Hay called it “a splendid little war” Puerto RicoPuerto Rico GuamGuam PhilippinesPhilippines CubaCuba Teller Amendment – give independence Teller Amendment – give independence Platt Amendment – delayed Cuba’s independence Platt Amendment – delayed Cuba’s independence

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22 Section 3 Acquiring New Lands  Ruling Puerto Rico Had not been promised independence Had not been promised independence Bring protection “protectorate” Bring protection “protectorate” Foraker Act – enabled military rule Foraker Act – enabled military rule Puerto Rico gained citizenship in 1917 Puerto Rico gained citizenship in 1917  Cuba Teller Amendment was delayed with the Platt Amendment Teller Amendment was delayed with the Platt Amendment Cuba could not make treatiesCuba could not make treaties U.S. had right to interveneU.S. had right to intervene Cuba could not go into debtCuba could not go into debt U.S. could buy or lease landU.S. could buy or lease land

23  Filipinos Rebel Emilio Aguinaldo believed that the U.S. had promised them independence Emilio Aguinaldo believed that the U.S. had promised them independence He led a revolt in Feb He led a revolt in Feb Anger at the U.S. suppressing a rebellion Anger at the U.S. suppressing a rebellion  After 3 years the rebellion was suppressed 20,000 Filipino rebels died 20,000 Filipino rebels died 4,000 Americans 4,000 Americans 400 million dollars 400 million dollars Gained its independence on July 4, 1946 Gained its independence on July 4, 1946

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25 Foreign Influence in China  Sphere of Influence – one country controlling another  John Hay wanted to keep China Open for trade Open Door Policy – everyone could trade equally in China Open Door Policy – everyone could trade equally in China  Boxer Rebellion in China was suppressed by both the Chinese government and the American/European forces

26 Section 4 America as a World Power  Theodore Roosevelt Peace Maker – Negotiating a settlement of Russo- Japanese war Peace Maker – Negotiating a settlement of Russo- Japanese war Nobel peace prize in 1906 Nobel peace prize in 1906

27 Panama Canal a man a plan a canal panama amanap lanac a nalp a nam a  Hay-Pauncefote – Britain gave the U.S. exclusive rights to build and control the canal  2 possible routes Nicaragua – much of it crossed a lake Nicaragua – much of it crossed a lake Panama ( a Colombian province) – shorter Panama ( a Colombian province) – shorter Panama U.S. needed to get permission from ColombiaU.S. needed to get permission from Colombia When negotiations broke down Philippe Bunau- Varilla helped to organize a rebellion against ColombiaWhen negotiations broke down Philippe Bunau- Varilla helped to organize a rebellion against Colombiarebellion againstrebellion against

28 Panama Canal

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30 Roosevelt Corollary Roosevelt Corollary  Addition to the Monroe Doctrine The U.S. will intervene if a Latin American country does something that may put them in danger. The U.S. will intervene if a Latin American country does something that may put them in danger. Dollar Diplomacy Dollar Diplomacy Guaranteed loans to foreign countries to keep European powers out of Latin AmericaGuaranteed loans to foreign countries to keep European powers out of Latin America

31 BIG STICK DIPLOMACY  Speak softly and Carry a big stick

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33 Woodrow Wilson’s Missionary Diplomacy  Diaz, Madero, Huerta, and Carranza Wilson looks to oust Huerta Wilson looks to oust Huerta Uses a incident to do so Uses a incident to do so Take notes on your own starting on 363 Take notes on your own starting on 363 Use the headlines in the bookUse the headlines in the book Underline names and termsUnderline names and terms There will be a quiz on this portion of your book tomorrowThere will be a quiz on this portion of your book tomorrow


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