Presentation on theme: "Cody Reardon Human Behavior"— Presentation transcript:
1Cody Reardon Human Behavior MemoryCody ReardonHuman Behavior
2What is Memory and why is it Important? Memory- is the process by which we recollect prior experiences, information, and skills learned in the past.We classify memory by knowledge, skills, and events.
3Episodic MemoryThe first type of memory is Episodic (or memory of a specific event that took place in the person’s presence)Some memories are so surprising and significant to us that is as if a flashbulb went off. Flashbulb memory is something that can be remembered in great detail.Examples?
4Generic MemoryGeneric Memory (memory that is general knowledge that people remember) is less specific in the where and when.Who was the first president?When did you learn that?
5Procedural MemoryThe third kind of memory Procedural Memory (consists of skills or procedures you may have learned)What are some of these skills you can remember off hand?How and when did you learn them?
6Three Processes of Memory 1. Encoding (the translation of information into a form in which it can be stored) is a way for people to individualize how they place their memories in their memory bank.Visual Codes (See the letters in your mind as a picture)Acoustic Codes (read and repeat out loud or silently)Semantic Codes (relating to meaning)
7Three Process of Memory 2. Storage (the maintenance of encoded information over a period of time)Maintenance Rehearsal- Repeating information over and overElaborative Rehearsal- relating new information to information already knownOrganizational Systems- Memories you organize in your mind for future use (chronological)
8Three Processes of Memory 3. Retrieval- locating stored information and returning it to conscious thoughtContext dependent memory- The memories that come back to you in a certain placeState Dependent memory- Memories that are retrieved because of the mood you are in.Tip of the tongue phenomenon- When we come close to retrieving information but the process in incomplete
9Three Stages of MemorySensory Memory- The First Stage of memory that consists of immediate, initial recordings of information through our sensesIconic Memory- like snapshots are extremely brief, photographic memories that last a fraction of a secondEidetic imagery- or what most of us refer to as photographic memories
10Three Stages of MemoryShort Term Memory- also known as working memory where info will remain in your sensory register where it can be held brieflyPrimacy Effect- Remembering the first few items in a groupRecency Effect- Remembering the last few items in a group
11Short Term Memory (contd.) Chunking- Grouping items into small manageable unitsInterference- When new information appears in short term memory and takes the place of what is already there.
12Three Stages of MemoryLong Term Memory- the third and final stage of memory where you want to remember something more than just briefly.The capacity of our memory is limited by how much we pay attentionMemory is Reconstructive and can be seen differently based of the experienceSchemas- Mental representations that we form of the world by organizing bits of information into knowledge
13Forgetting and Memory Improvement Basic Memory TasksRecognition- identifying objects or events that have been encountered before.Recall- When you try to bring something back to mind and reconstruct the event or objectRelearning- When we do not remember things that have already been taught to us, but are able to pick back up a skill very quickly
14Different Kinds of Forgetting 1. Repression- Some memories may be so painful or unpleasant that they make us feel anxiety, guilt, or shame.What kinds of actions may people want to forget.
15Different Kinds of Forgetting Amnesia- severe memory loss caused by brain injury, shock, fatigue, ill, or repressionInfantile Amnesia- cannot remember things before the age of threeAnterograde Amnesia- memory loss forming from trauma that prevents a person from forming new memoriesRetrograde Amnesia- forgetting the events leading up to a traumatic event.
16Improving MemoryDrill and Practice-repetition and practice seems to be the most basic way to improve memoryRelate to things you already knowForm unusual associationsConstruct linksUse Mnemonic Devices-HOMES