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M EMORY Chapter Review. Process by which we retain and recall something learned or experienced.

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Presentation on theme: "M EMORY Chapter Review. Process by which we retain and recall something learned or experienced."— Presentation transcript:

1 M EMORY Chapter Review

2 Process by which we retain and recall something learned or experienced.

3 What is memory?

4 Identify four parts of the brain were memory is stored. (lecture)

5 Hippocampus Amygdala Frontal Lobes/Cortex Cerebellum

6 Photographic memory is also called a. Eidetic memory b. Confabulation c. Mnemonic memory d. Recall

7 A. Eidetic memory

8 The three memory process are …

9 Encoding, storage, and retrieval

10 Items in your mind at any given moment are in ___memory.

11 Short term

12 Skills make use of ____memory.

13 Procedural

14 Psychologists refer to auditory sensory memory as ___

15 Echoic memory

16 Psychologists refer to visual sensory memory as______

17 Iconic memory

18 Which of the following describes your ability to identify the name of your first grade teacher in a newspaper article? a. Confabulation b. Selective attention c. Recognition d. recall

19 C; Recognition

20 Psychologist George Miller discovered that short- term memory is limited to about ___ a. Seven items b. 10 words c. One hour d. 14 numbers

21 A; seven items

22 Short term memory a. Lasts without rehearsal b. Lasts about one minute c. Lasts about one-half second d. Has a limited capacity.

23 D; has a limited capacity

24 Repeating information to yourself to keep information in short term memory for more than a few seconds is called _________.

25 Maintenance rehearsal

26 Which of the following does NOT result in forgetting? a. Decay b. Repression c. Interference d. confabulation

27 D; Confabulation

28 When old memories are blocked by new material, a person is experience _____________.

29 proactive interference

30 When you ____information, you transform it so the nervous system can process it.

31 encode

32 Short term memory capacity is increased when we break the info down into parts. This is called ______________.

33 Chunking

34 Subconsciously blocking memories of an embarrassing or frightening experience is called___________.

35 Repression

36 HOMES (an acronym for the five Great Lakes) is an example of this.

37 Mnemonic device

38 Two types of Long Term Memory are…

39 Implicit vs. Explicit Memory And Procedural vs. Declarative

40 __________memory is our memory of our own life, such as when you woke up this morning. Stored here are personal things where time of occurrence is important.

41 Episodic

42 ____________consists of permanent storage of learned skills that does not require conscious recollection.

43 Procedural

44 Our knowledge of language, including its rules, words, and meanings is stored in __________.

45 Semantic memory

46 When we need to retrieve information we learned a long time ago and haven’t rehearsed lately, we can relearn the information more quickly. This is called _____________.

47 Relearning.

48 When a person remembers information that was never stored in memory.

49 confabulation

50 When you remember items at the beginning and end of a list or story, it is called __________effect.

51 Serial position

52 When you tend to remember the first items in a list or story it is called ________effect.

53 Primacy

54 “Seen Before” ; current event provokes similar retrieval cues, but you haven’t done it.

55 Déjà vu

56 Try to retrieve familiar piece of info but can’t quite do it.

57 Tip of the Tongue Phenomena

58 Who conducted studies of forgetting grouping nonsense syllables together?

59 Hermann Ebbinghaus

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