Presentation on theme: "Lesson Six The Monsters Are Due on Maple Street Book 1 创作单位 : 长江大学外国语学院."— Presentation transcript:
Lesson Six The Monsters Are Due on Maple Street Book 1 创作单位 : 长江大学外国语学院
Part I: Background Information Part II : Text Analysis Part III: Language Study Part IV: Text Appreciation part Ⅴ : Group Task—Discussion part Ⅵ : Drama Performance Book 1 Lesson 6 The Monsters Are Due on Maple Street Contents
Part I: Background Information Science fiction----usually describes imaginary future developments in science, such as “Round the World in 80 Days” by Jules Verne. But unlike those traditional ones, today's’ science fiction often tries to give a moral message. Therefore, it is more “fiction” than “science”. The present text is a good example.
Part I: Background Information ETs----extraterrestrial beings, who are out to destroy us human beings on earth (earthlings or earth people). Warming up Questions: Do you believe there are Ets in outer space? Do you believe the story of UFO? Why or why not?
Part I: Background Information Monster----an imaginary of legendary creature, such as a centaur or Harpy, that combines parts from various animal or human forms. Question: In this text, what does: ‘monster” refer to?
Part I: Background Information About the Author Rod Serling (1924--) is one of the leading television playwrights today in the US. This little play, adapted from Tomorrow Scholastic Literature Anthology is a kind of science fiction. The author obviously is not just telling us an interesting story. He has something else to tell us. And it is important for us to understand his message.
Part II. Text Analysis ☺ Structure analysis ☺ Main idea ☺ Discussion & questions based on the understanding of the text.
Structure Analysis Part 1 (Para. 1)----It briefly introduces where & when the story happens Part 2 (para2—29): People are surprised about the light flying overhead Part 3 (para.30-56): Tommy tells people it is about monsters from outer space Part 4 (Para.57-78): People are suspicious of Goodman, one of their neighbor
Structure Analysis A short 2-act play ☺ Setting & background ☺ Characters & their relations ☺ The plot & dramatic conflict—what is happening ☺ Climax----how the drama leads to the climax or how the dramatic conflict is resolved
Main Idea & Message Summarize the play with the help of the following questions: 1. When & where did the event take place? 2. What happened one night? 3. what we people’s first reactions? 4. What was the effect of Tommy’s words? 5. What is the message of the story ?
Discussion & questions based on the understanding of the text. Read the second time for a better understanding Read aloud the paragraph 86—72. Answer the following questions on students book page135.&p140 Ask each other questions on the text.
Part III Language Study 1. Words and Phrases 2. Sentence Paraphrase 2. Sentence Paraphrase
Sentence Paraphrase a Good Humor man –a man who sells Good Humor products or works for Good Humor company to be due: to be expected to happen or arrive at a particular time –The train is due in 25 minutes. –The meeting is due to start at 10 o’clock.
Sentence Paraphrase Another man waters his lawn. –(n. v.) The workers are landing goods from a ship. She slowly backed the car into the garage. Before we move in we have to paper the room first. Would you please book a ticket for me?
Sentence Paraphrase A flash of light plays on his face, … –If light plays on something, it shines on it and moves about on it. … the man … stands there speechless. –The sun was burning hot. –He was lying there, fast asleep. –Three months later, she came back home, penniless.
Sentence Paraphrase We will get this all straightened out. –straighten out: to settle a difficult situation by dealing with the things that cause problems or confusion. We still need to straighten out a few things before we sign the contract. It will take a while before the two countries can straighten out their difference.
Sentence Paraphrase Whatever gave you that idea? (emphatic) –What on earth gave you that idea? A policeman came? Whatever did he want? It can ’ t be done? Whatever do you mean? Why, there is no telling the sort of stuff it can do. –Why: interjection: His son is so young. Why, he is not yet six. It is impossible to know what has happened or what will happen next
Sentence Paraphrase The general impression holds that.. –Most people believe that … –hold: formal a practical joke: –a trick that is intended to give somebody a surprise or shock and make other people laugh
Sentence Paraphrase I just don ’ t understand it.. Any more than any of you do! –I don’t earn any more than you do. Why do I have to pay more? –I don’t like him any more than you do.
Word Formation Awful adj. Awfulness n. Awe v. n. Comic adj. Comic n. Concern n. Concern v. concerned, concerning adj. Conscious adj. consciousness n. Crash n. Crash v. Criminal n. criminal adj. crime n. Desperate adj. Desperation n. Exchange v. exchange n. exchangeable adj. Gossip v. gossip n. Impression n. impress v. impressive adj. Lighten v. lightening n. Menace v. menacing adj. menace n.
Word Formation Optimistic adj. optimize v. optimism n. Persistently adv. Persistent adj. persist v. persistence n. Precisely adv. Precise adj. precision n. Reluctant adj. reluctance n. reluct v. Residential adj. reside v. residence n. resident n. Sense n. sense v. Sensitive, sensible, sensual, sensory adj. Space n. Spatial adj. Weird adj. weirdness n. Whirl v. whirl n.
Word Study –consciousness, conscience a movement aimed at raising the general public's consciousness of social injustice. His conscience troubled him after he took the money. crash, gossip, whirl –The cars crashed into each other. –The car hit the tree with a crash. –Gossiping and lying go together. –You shouldn ’ t listen to gossip. –The earth whirls on its axis. 地球绕轴自转。 –My brain whirled. 我的头眩晕
Word Study residential, resident, residence, reside –Their residential building is located next to the park. –The real resides in the people. –He has a residence in the country. –City residents complain that migrant workers have threatened to take already scarce urban jobs. –the resident population adj. 现住人口
Word Study concern v. –to have to do with or relate to: 涉及与 … 有关或相关： an article that concerns the plight of homeless people. –to be of interest or importance to: 关心有兴趣的或有重要性的： This problem concerns all of us. 这个问题攸关我们全部人 –to engage the attention of; involve: 参与集中注意力于 … ；卷入： We concerned ourselves with accomplishing the task at hand. –to cause anxiety or uneasiness in: 使担忧引起焦躁或不安： The firm's weak financial posture is starting to concern its stockholders. concern n. –The managing director's only concern was how to improve the quality of their products.
Word Study He sensed that his proposals were unwelcome. A sense of humour is a great asset for a person. ( 喻 ) in a sense 在某一方面；就某种意义来说 –make sense 有 意义；意思清楚；有道理 –make sense of 理解；懂；明白 –There is no sense in … 是没道理的
Word Study sense ： sensible, sensory, sensitive, sensual –If you are _____, you will say nothing to your boss. –She is _____ to what people think of her. –Some religions condemn ____ pleasure as evil. –There is something wrong with his _____ nervous system.
phrases Lean against sth. Cut through a place A couple of make sense Check with sb.Go off (said of power) Play on one ’ s face (said of light) get sth. Straightened out Fill up gasturn on/off the switch Be out of sth. In a tone Screw in a bulbget down off a stool Come bybe at the wheel Kneel downturn over (said of an engine) Shut offstart upback away Whirl arounddemand for be conscious of cut in Make up a storyhear of get the same deal Prepare for sth.Be caught in the middle of sth.
Part IV Text Appreciation LanguageLanguage Special features of oral EnglishSpecial features of oral English
Language This play is good for learning spoken English. Students should pay particular attention to the pronunciation & intonation.
Special features of oral English Contractions Ellipse Colloquial expressions
Text Appreciation Title: –Literal meaning of Monsters: alien/ETs (extraterrestrial beings) –Implied meaning: monsters actually live in our own hearts. Three fatal human weaknesses: –Our deep suspicion and distrust of one another, –Our eagerness to find a scapegoat, –Our readiness to turn into a mob.
Group Task—Discussion Why did people on Maple Street start to blame each other for something they did not understand? What kind of human weakness did the story reveal? How do you think the story will continue in Act 1? How do you think it will end?