Background knowledge The author: Rod Serling is one of the leading television playwrights today in the United States, best known for his science fiction TV series, The Twilight Zone. His religion is Judaism He married a protestant, Carol Kramer, which disagreed with the intention of both families. He was enlisted in the United States Army after graduation. Beginning in May 1944 he served with the 511th Parachute Infantry Regiment of the 11th Airborne Division in New Guinea and during the invasion of the Philippines. –He was awarded the Purple Heart for a severe wound to his knee. The war was also a permanent mental suffering: he would suffer from flashbacks, nightmares, and insomnia for the rest of his life. He co-wrote “Planet of the Apes” more movie scripts and teleplays. Seven Days in May, 1964 which showed Serling’s passion for nuclear disarmament and peace. Serling said, "If you want to prove that God is not dead first prove that man is alive." The Loner, 1965-1966, and Night Gallery, 1970-1973
Verne, Jules (1828-1905), the father of science fiction is a French author. In 1863 he achieved his first real success with the publication of Cinq semaines en ballon (Five Weeks in a Balloon, 1869). He forecast with remarkable accuracy many scientific achievements of the 20th century. He anticipated flights into outer space, submarines, helicopters, air conditioning, guided missiles, and motion pictures long before they were developed. His most popular books: Journey to the Center of the Earth (1864; trans. 1874), From the Earth to the Moon (1865; trans. 1873), 20,000 Leagues Under the Sea (1870; trans. 1873), Mysterious Island (1870; trans. 1875), and Around the World in Eighty Days (1873; trans. 1873). Around the World in Eighty Days (1873; trans. 1873).
Text Analysis Text Analysis 1.Title: Literal meaning of Monsters: alien/ETs (extraterrestrial beings) Implied meaning: monsters actually live in our own hearts.
2.Three fatal human weaknesses: Our deep suspicion and distrust of one another, Our eagerness to find a scapegoat, Our readiness to turn into a mob.
3. Questions: Who are the monsters? Are they really responsible for all the troubles that happen on Maple Street? Where are the real monsters? to be due: to be expected to happen or arrive at a particular time The train is due in 25 minutes. The meeting is due to start at 10 o’clock.
4.A Good Humor man a man who sells Good Humor products or works for Good Humor company
5. Another man waters his lawn. Water : n. v. The workers are landing goods from a ship. She slowly backed the car into the garage. Before we move in we have to paper the room first. Would you please book a ticket for me?
6.A flash of light plays on his face, … If light plays on something, it shines on it and moves about on it.
7. … the man … stands there speechless. The sun was burning hot. He was lying there, fast asleep. Three months later, she came back home, penniless.
8.We will get this all straightened out. straighten out: to settle a difficult situation by dealing with the things that cause problems or confusion. We still need to straighten out a few things before we sign the contract. It will take a while before the two countries can straighten out their difference.
9. Whatever gave you that idea? (emphatic) What on earth gave you that idea? A policeman came? Whatever did he want? It can’t be done? Whatever do you mean?
10. Why, there is no telling the sort of stuff it can do. Why: interjection: His son is so young. Why, he is not yet six. It is impossible to know what has happened or what will happen next.
11.The general impression holds that.. Most people believe that… hold: very formal, believe
12.a practical joke: a trick that is intended to give somebody a surprise or shock and make other people laugh
13.I just don ’ t understand it.. Any more than any of you do! I don’t earn any more than you do. Why do I have to pay more? I don’t like him any more than you do.
Word Formation (1) awful adj. awfulness n. awe v. n. comic adj. comic n. concern n. concern v. concerned, concerning adj. conscious adj. consciousness n. crash n. crash v. criminal n. criminal adj. crime n. desperate adj. desperation n. exchange v. exchange n. exchangeable adj. gossip v. gossip n. impression n. impress v. impressive adj.
Word Formation (2) lighten v. lightening n. menace v. menacing adj. menace n. optimistic adj. optimize v. optimism n. persistently adv. persistent adj. persist v. persistence n. precisely adv. precise adj. precision n. reluctant adj. reluctance n. reluct v. residential adj. reside v. residence n. resident n. sense n. sense v. sensitive, sensible, sensual, sensory adj. space n. spatial adj. weird adj. weirdness n. whirl v. whirl n.
1. consciousness, conscience a movement aimed at raising the general public's consciousness of social injustice. His conscience troubled him after he took the money.
2.concern v. 1) to have to do with or relate to: 涉及与 … 有关或相关： an article that concerns the plight of homeless people. 2) to be of interest or importance to: 关心有兴趣的或有 重要性的： This problem concerns all of us. 这个问题攸关我们全部 人 3) to engage the attention of; involve: 参与集中注意力 于 … ；卷入： We concerned ourselves with accomplishing the task at hand. 4) to cause anxiety or uneasiness in: 使担忧引起焦躁 或不安： The firm's weak financial posture is starting to concern its stockholders.
concern n. The managing director's only concern was how to improve the quality of their products.
3. The cars crashed into each other. The car hit the tree with a crash.
4. Gossiping and lying go together. You shouldn’t listen to gossip.
. The earth whirls on its axis. 地球绕轴自转。 。 My brain whirled. 我的头眩晕
6. residential, resident, residence, reside 1) Their residential building is located next to the park. 2) The real resides in the people. 3) He has a residence in the country. 4) City residents complain that migrant workers have threatened to take already scarce urban jobs. 5) the resident population adj. 现住人口
7. He sensed that his proposals were unwelcome. A sense of humor is a great asset for a person. ( 喻 ) in a sense 在某一方面；就某种意义来说 n. make sense 有 意义；意思清楚；有道理 n. make sense of 理解；懂；明白 n. There is no sense in … 是没道理的 the senses (=the five senses) 五官 a sense of sight [hearing, smell, taste, touch] a sense of humor 幽默感 a sense of duty 责任感 sense of righteousness 正义感 the sense of locality [direction] 对方位 [ 向 ] 的识别力 a man of sense 有理智的人 common sense 常识 [ 理 ] good sense 通情达理 keen [dull] sense of smell 敏锐 [ 迟钝 ] 的嗅觉 have plenty of sense 富有见识
8. sense ： sensible, sensory, sensitive, sensual 1) If you are sensible, you will say nothing to your boss. 2) She is sensitive to what people think of her. 3) Some religions condemn sensual pleasure as evil. 4) There is something wrong with his sensory nervous system.
Idiomatic Expressions lean against sth. cut through a place a couple of make sense check with sb. go off (said of power) play on one’s face (said of light) get sth. straightened out fill up gas turn on/off the switch be out of sth. in a tone screw in a bulb get down off a stool come by be at the wheel kneel down turn over (said of an engine) shut off start up back away whirl around demand for whirl around demand for be conscious of cut in be conscious of cut in make up a story hear of get the same deal prepare for sth. be caught in the middle of sth.
Assignment In about 100 words, write a summary of the play with the help of these questions. 1.When and where did the event take place? 2.What happened one night? 3.What were people’s first reactions? 4.What did Tommy tell the people?