Presentation on theme: "Ch.10 Imperialism America Claims an Empire. Imperialism The policy in which stronger nations take over weaker ones Economic: new markets, natural resources."— Presentation transcript:
Imperialism The policy in which stronger nations take over weaker ones Economic: new markets, natural resources Political: gain colonies, power, status Military: compete in arms race,power Belief in racial/ cultural superiority of people of European descent (Anglo/Saxon )
Global Imperialism Europe: had colonies for centuries Britain had the most colonies around the world, controlled a 25% of world’s land and people. Other nations wanted pieces for themselves.
African Imperialism Europe: had colonies for centuries Africa prime target in 19 th century Rich in natural resources, provided new markets. Only independent nations in Africa Were Liberia and Ethiopia
Asian Imperialism: Japan industrialized, modernized its government, built up its military. Needed natural resources, looked to China for trade. Other nations had begun to divide China into exclusive trade regions.
Economic Reasons American farmers has produced a surplus of goods Needed new markets to sell stuff Needed raw materials for factories Solution: foreign trade
Military Reasons Alfred Mahan Wanted to build up American navy Defend peacetime shipping lanes Needed to establish naval bases in Pacific and Caribbean U.S. became 3 rd largest naval power
Superiority Some Americans combined the philosophy of Social Darwinism (survivial of fittest) with free- market competition ( private ownership of business) with racial superiority to justify imperialism
Anti- Imperialism Cost too much in military protection Dominated peoples didn’t have same rights as American citizens Some Americans saw imperialism as a threat to Anglo-Saxon culture
Hawaii’s Economy 75% of wealth from sugar plantations Plantations owned by Americans Labor imported from Japan/ China
Hawaii’s Economy 1875 no duty on Hawaiian sugar 1887 king forced to grant voting rights to only wealthy landowners 1887 U.S. gained rights to Pearl Harbor
Hawaii’s Economy 1890 McKinley Tariff eliminated the duty-free status of Hawaiian sugar Hawaiian sugar had to compete with other sugar growers, especially Cuba Annexation of Hawaii would mean Hawaiian sugar would become duty- free
Deposing the Queen Queen Lil wanted to: end property qualifications for voting Restore power to native Hawaiians
Queen Lili’uokalani “ The cause of Hawaiian independence is larger and dearer than the life of any man connected with it. Love of country is deep seated in the breast of every Hawaiian, whatever his station.”
Deposing the Queen The Americans sugar growers : Organized a revolt against the Queen 1893 Queen Lil was arrested Sanford Dole became the temporary president of Hawaii
“The New Temptation on the Mount: “ Behold all this I will give thee, if thou wilt fall down and worship me.” A “World- Wide Empire” including Hawaii and the Philippines, is offered on the horizon.
Republic of Hawaii Pres. Cleveland wanted the queen restored to power. Dole refused to give up power. Cleveland recognized the Republic of Hawaii, but refused to annex Hawaii. 1897 Pres. McKinley made Hawaii an American territory.