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Chapter 18 Section 1 Part 2. The United States Acquires Alaska Early supporter of expansionism was William Seward 1867 – Seward arranged to buy Alaska.

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Presentation on theme: "Chapter 18 Section 1 Part 2. The United States Acquires Alaska Early supporter of expansionism was William Seward 1867 – Seward arranged to buy Alaska."— Presentation transcript:

1 Chapter 18 Section 1 Part 2

2 The United States Acquires Alaska Early supporter of expansionism was William Seward 1867 – Seward arranged to buy Alaska from Russia for $7.2 million

3 Some thought it was silly to buy what they called “Seward’s Folly” or “Seward’s Icebox” Time showed how wrong they were In 1959, Alaska became a state, for about two cents an acres, the US had acquired a land rich in timber, minerals, and oil

4 Acquiring Hawaii US took over the Midway Islands Hawaiian Islands economically important for nearly a century Since 1790’s, American merchants had stopped there on their way to China and East India

5 In the 1820’s, missionaries founded schools and churches Their children and grandchildren became sugar planters who sold crops to US

6 The Cry for Annexation American owned sugar plantations accounted for about ¾ of the island’s wealth By 1900, laborers and foreigners outnumbered native Hawaiians 1875 – the US agreed to import Hawaiian Sugar duty-free

7 The McKinley Tariff provoked crisis by eliminating the duty-free Hawaiian sugar growers faced competition American planters in Hawaii called for the US to annex the islands so they wouldn’t have to pay the duty

8 US Military and economic leaders already knew value of islands 1887 – they pressured for naval base at Pearl Harbor, the kingdom’s best port The base became a refueling station for American ships

9 The End of A Monarchy Hawaii’s king strong armed by white business leaders in 1887 Forced to amend Hawaii’s constitution, limiting voting rights to wealthy landowners

10 Kalakaua died in 1891, leaving his sister to rule She proposed removing the property-owning qualifications for voting Using the marines, business owners overthrew the queen & set up a government led by Sanford B. Dole

11 Cleveland, Dole, or McKinley Who wanted queen back on throne? Who refused to surrender his power, forcing the president to accept Republic… 1897 – Who became President? 1898 – Congress makes Hawaii an American territory

12 Review: Imperialism Alfred T. Mahan Social Darwinism William Seward McKinley Tariff Queen Liliuokalani Sanford Dole


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