To empower half the world’s population as equal partners in preventing conflict and building peace in countries threatened and affected by war, violence and insecurity. Achieving this goal is critical to our national and global security.” The U.S. National Action Plan on Women, Peace, and Security
1. Overview: UN SCR 1325 and Women,Peace and Security Agenda (WPS). 2. U.S. implementation of Women, Peace and Security policies: (U.S. National Action Plan) 3. WAND’s WPS Program 4. What can you do? Action items.
Adopted unanimously in October 2000, UN Security Council Resolution 1325 on Women, Peace and Security is a landmark commitment to women in conflict that seeks to: ◦ Repair the lack of equal participation of women in peace and post-conflict negotiations across the world ◦ Safeguard women and children wherever conflict erupts Resolution 1325 makes it clear that women’s participation and security is critical for international peace and security It also provides a groundbreaking policy and practical framework for women’s participation in peacebuilding
SCR 1325 plus subsequent resolutions 1820, 1888, 1889, and 1960 make up the Women, Peace and Security agenda (WPS). – Follow up resolutions address sexual violence, women and conflict, and women’s participation in government and peace processes. Resolution 1325 requires UN member states to develop National Action Plans (NAPs) that provide for women’s participation in peace and conflict decision-making; the protection of women and girls; and gender training. Countries are more peaceful and prosperous when women are accorded full and equal rights and opportunity.” Former Sec. of State Clinton
Women fighters turning in mortar shells during Liberia's disarmament and demobilization process. Accessed at www.un.org
Secretary Clinton at the Conference on Disarmament in Geneva. (Feb. 28, 2011)
Transitional Justice Training Workshop in Yemen (April 2012 ). accessed at www.womenpress.org
Parliamentarians, Farida Hamidi and Frishta Amini, delegates from Nimroz Province in Southwest Afghanistan. accessed at /www.ndi.org
Woman drawing water from a well in Darfur. accessed at www.policyinnovations.org
◦ There are roughly 40 active conflicts in the world, today. ◦ More than ½ of all peace agreements fail within the first 10 years. ◦ Women are grossly underrepresented in peace and conflict negotiations. ◦ Of the 40 conflicts in the last decade, 31 represent repeated cycles of violence with a disproportionate impact on women and children.
Sexual and gender based violence (SGBV) against women and girls has been deployed as a deliberate tool of war – often with impunity ( no prosecution or justice). Forced displacement associated with conflict exposes refugees, particularly women and girls, to additional risks of violence and exploitation. Evidence shows that increased violence against women can be an early indicator of impending conflict. Frequently, women hold critical knowledge about impending or escalating conflict, but are overlooked or unable to report their concerns safely. **
There is a correlation between return to violent conflict and lack of healthcare, economic opportunity, and education for women. Women carry much of the burden of rebuilding communities in post-conflict settings. When included as meaningful participants women expand the scope of discussion to include the broader set of critical priorities required for just and lasting peace.**
Under its Presidency of UN Security Council, the U.S. introduced 3 out of the 4 follow up resolutions. ( SCR 1820, 1888, 1960). WPS has had Bi-Partisan political support. -In 2000, the UN Security Council passed Resolution 1325 with the backing of a Democratic administration. -In 2008, a Republican administration sponsored the follow-up UNSCR1820 recognizing rape as a tactic of war and threat to peace and security. U.S. is a major stakeholder in peace processes.
“ The only way to reduce the number of conflicts around the world, to eliminate rape as a weapon of war, to combat the culture of impunity for sexual violence, to build sustainable peace– is to draw on the full contributions of both men and women in every aspect of peacemaking, peacekeeping and peace building.” U.S. Secretary of State, Hilary Rodham Clinton
Joining 35 other countries around the world committed to advancing the goals of UNSCR 1325 and Women Peace and Security.
The engagement and protection of women as agents of peace and stability will be central to the United States’ efforts to promote security, prevent, respond to, and resolve conflict, and rebuild societies. In executing this policy, the U.S. will be guided by the principle of inclusion, seeking out the views and participation of a wide variety of stakeholders—women and girls, men and boys, and members of marginalized groups. The U.S. will ensure that the WPS agenda is coordinated among all relevant govt. department and agencies, and integrated into relevant U.S. foreign policy initiatives and engagement with international partners. U.S. governmental agencies will be accountable for the implementation of the NAP. U.S. NAP on WPS 2011
National Integration and Institutionalization of a Gender Responsive Approach Access to Relief and Recovery Protection from Violence Participation in Peace Processes and Decision-Making Conflict Prevention
Within the next few months Congress will re-introduce the WPS Act. A BILL To ensure that the United States promotes women's meaningful inclusion and participation in mediation and negotiation processes undertaken in order to prevent, mitigate, or resolve violent conflict and implements the United States National Action Plan on Women, Peace, and Security. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,
How does WAND’s work advance the Women, Peace and Security Agenda? Grass Roots Grass Tops
WAND’s Women, Peace, and Security (WPS) Program leverages the work and resources of WAND, our grassroots organization and WiLL our network of nearly 700 women state and federal legislators to ensure that women are at the tables of power where decisions are made concerning U.S. engagement on matters of peace and security.
Strengthen and promote the role of women as agents of change in political life, conflict prevention, and peace-building, Ensure effective implementation of the U.S. WPS Agenda as directed by the United States’ National Action Plan on Women, Peace, and Security, (NAP) and its accompanying Executive Orders.
U.S. NAP on Women, Peace and Security WAND/EastWest Institute Partnership: Advancing Women’s Global Leadership; Promoting Women’s Security and Rights in Afghanistan WPS Clearing House: Tool-Kits and Policy Resources UN and SCR 1325
As a concerned citizen, what can you do to advance the Women, Peace and Security Agenda ? 1. Call or write your Representatives and tell them to support the WPS Act of 2013 to make the U.S. National Action Plan law! 2. Call or write your Representatives and tell them that we must protect and promote Afghan women rights following the expedited withdrawal of U.S. troops from Afghanistan! 3. Support women’s organizations that strengthen and promote the role of women as leaders and agents of change in political life, conflict prevention, and peace-building. Give to the grassroots and to the grass-tops! Thank You!!
Tanya Henderson, Public Policy Director WAND National Office 691 Massachusetts Ave Arlington, MA 02476 | 781-643-6740 email@example.com WAND Washington, DC 322 4th St. NE Washington, DC 20002 | 202-544-5055 WAND Atlanta 250 Georgia Ave. Ste 202 Atlanta, GA 30312 | 404-524-5999 www.wand.org www.willwand.org