Presentation on theme: "Ellis Island (NY) was the entry point for many European immigrants"— Presentation transcript:
1SSUSH12: The student will analyze important consequences of American industrial growth.
2Ellis Island (NY) was the entry point for many European immigrants Describe Ellis Island, the change in immigrants’ origins to southern and eastern Europe and the impact of this change on urban America.Ellis Island (NY) was the entry point for many European immigrantsImmigrants had to pass medical, mental, and legal exams and have at least $25 in order to enter into the U.S.
3European ImmigrationUp until the 1880s most European immigrants came from Northern and Western Europe (Ireland, England, Germany). Many of these “looked” like Americans, and had similar religious and cultural backgroundsBeginning in the late 1880s, a change began to occur in the origin of immigrants. These “new” immigrants began arriving from eastern and southern Europe (Italy, Greece, Poland, Russia).
4The “New” ImmigrantsMany of these new immigrants didn’t speak English, came from non democratic governments, had differing religions, and did not “look” American.
5The “New” Immigrants Why would these new These new immigrants often settled together in east coast cities (Little Italy), and worked in low paying factory jobsThis new wave ofimmigrants caused theemergence of nativism:an extreme dislike ofimmigrantsWhy would these newimmigrants want to settletogether in cities?
6Labor MovementAs American industry grew – more workers were needed to operate machinesTwo basic labor types developedCraft WorkCommon LaborA surplus of labor workers grew in big cities which drove down the wages of labor workers & made them less valuable to managementGroups of workers united in order to have “collective bargaining” powersHigher wages & more on-the-job rights were wonIn some places strikes & even bloody battles were fought between workers & owners
7Describe the 1894 Pullman Strike as an Example of Industrial Unrest In 1894 the American Railway Union, led by Eugene Debs, led a strike against the Pullman Company (IL) who manufactured railroad carsPresident Cleveland sent in U.S. troops and ordered the strike to end.The ARU collapsed as a Union as a result of government intervention
9Identify the American Federation of Labor and Samuel Gompers Samuel Gompers was the first leader of the AFLThe AFL promoted 8 hour work days, collective bargaining, and closed shopsGompers stayed out of politics and rejected communist ideasThe AFL is still in existence today (AFL-CIO)
10Mother Jones"In spite of oppressors, in spite of false leaders, in spite of labor's own lack of understanding of its needs, the cause of the working class continues onward. Slowly his standard of living rises to include some of the good and beautiful things of the world ... Slowly those who create the wealth of the world are permitted to share it. The future is in labor's strong hands."Mother Jones
11Describe the growth of the western population and its impact on Native Americans with reference to Sitting Bull and Wounded KneeAmericans moved westward in the 1860s to become ranchers, miners, and farmers.The settlers began to encroach on Native American hunting grounds and broke numerous treatiesHow would fencesthat were constructedby farmers and ranchersaffect Native Americans?
12Native American Conflict The Indian Removal Act enacted by President Andrew Jackson pushed the Eastern Natives westSettlers began to explore and build in the westThe Manifest Destiny mentality of the settlers combined with the hostility of the Natives
13Wounded KneeBy the late 1880s most western Indian tribes had been resettled onto reservationsSitting Bull, a Sioux Chief, helped defeat Custer at the Little Big HornHe moved onto a reservation and began performing the “Ghost Dance”his followers believed would bring back the buffalo & make the settlers disappearSitting Bull is ordered to stop - refuses and is killed while being arrested
14Wounded KneeMany of Sitting Bulls followers fled the reservation after his deathThey camped at Wounded Knee Creek with other SiouxThe U.S Calvary was sent to escort the Sioux back to the reservationThe Calvary attempted to disarm them and a fight broke out
15Wounded Knee 200 Sioux men, women, & children killed in the massacre Many of the injured froze to deathWounded Knee led many to question the treatment of Native AmericansThis was the last major resistance by Native Americans