# Big Idea 8 Properties of Matter 2 nd Grade – Topic 2 Division of Academics - Department of Science.

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Big Idea 8 Properties of Matter 2 nd Grade – Topic 2 Division of Academics - Department of Science

Benchmarks SC.2.P.8.1 Observe and measure objects in terms of their properties, including size, shape, color, temperature, weight, texture, sinking or floating in water, and attraction and repulsion of magnets. SC.2.P.8.5 Measure and compare temperatures taken every day at the same time. SC.2.P.8.6 Measure and compare the volume of liquids using containers of various shapes and sizes. SC.2.N.1.2 Compare the observations made by different groups using the same tools. MAFS.2.MD.4.9 Generate measurement data by measuring lengths of several objects to the nearest whole unit, or by making repeated measurements of the same object. LAFS.2.W.3.8 Recall information from experiences or gather information from provided sources to answer a question. Division of Academics - Department of Science

2 nd Grade Topic II Lesson 1: Observing and Measuring Objects Based on their Properties Division of Academics - Department of Science

Matter Benchmarks: SC.2.P.8.1 – Observe and measure objects in terms of their properties, including size, shape, color, temperature, weight, texture, sinking or floating in water, and attraction and repulsion of magnets. (Also assesses SC.2.N.1.1, SC.2.N.1.2 and SC.2.N.1.2) Division of Academics - Department of Science

What is Matter? Stand up and place your hand on anything in the room. The object you are touching is matter. Touch something else! That is also matter. Touch your head, your toes, your clothes!...Everything around us, inside or outside is made of matter. Matter has properties. Division of Academics - Department of Science

What are properties of matter?properties of matter Properties are the words we use to describe things. For example, I can say that: A desk is brown, it is hard, it is 90cm long, and it is smooth. A piece of candy is small, yellow, round, and sweet. All these words describe what each object is. All these words are called PROPERTIES of Matter. Your turn: A cupcake is… Division of Academics - Department of Science

More Properties If we say something is blue, or red, or purple, we are naming the property of COLOR If we say something is a triangle, a circle, or a square, we are naming the property of SHAPE If we say that an object is 150 cm long, we are naming the property of LENGTH There are other properties of matter. Let’s brainstorm. Can you name other properties? Division of Academics - Department of Science

These are all properties of matter: Size (large/small) Shape Texture (smooth/rough) Color Weight (light/heavy) Temperature (warm/cool) Sinks/Floats Division of Academics - Department of Science

What are properties of matter that can be measured using tools? Length/width – Meter (m) – Centimeter (cm) Volume – Liter (L) – Milliliter (ml) Weight – Grams (g) Temperature – Degrees Celsius Division of Academics - Department of Science Now let’s tale a closer look at Measuring Matter. Measuring Matter

Properties of Matter can be Observed and Measured! What are properties that can be observed? Size Shape Texture Color Weight (light/heavy) Temperature (cold/hot) Sinks/Floats How do we observe these properties? ALL these PROPERTIES are OBSERVED using our FIVE SENSES: sight, touch, smell, hear, and taste.FIVE SENSES What are properties that can be measured? Length/width Volume Weight Temperature How do we measure these properties? ALL these PROPERTIES are MEASURED using TOOLS like: ruler, measuring cup, balance, and thermometer.TOOLS Division of Academics - Department of Science

Let’s Practice! – It’s Game Time! I will tell you what I need to do and ask you what tool I will need to use. Use your picture paddles to show me the answer. Division of Academics - Department of Science

I have… Who has? I have to measure the temperature of the water. Who has the tool to measure it? Division of Academics - Department of Science

I have… Who has? I have to measure the length and width of a rectangle. Who has the tool to measure it? Division of Academics - Department of Science

I have… Who has? I have to measure the volume of water or how much water I need for a recipe. Who has the tool to measure it? Division of Academics - Department of Science

I have… Who has? I have to measure the weight of a cookie. Who has the tool to measure it? Division of Academics - Department of Science

Let’s Experiment! Question: How Can You Measure Matter? Materials: Ruler Thermometer Measuring cup Balance and gram cubes Magnets 1 clear cup – filled with water 1 large paper clip 1 marker Tub filled with water Division of Academics - Department of Science

How Can You Measure Matter? Using Tools Using Our Senses Length of Book Volume of Water Weight of Balloon Temperature of Water Estimate cm mL g C Measurement cm mL g C Tool used Size (large/small) ShapeColorTemperature (warm/cool) TextureWeight (light/heavy) Sink / Float Attract / Repel Marker Water Paper Clip Division of Academics - Department of Science

Questions 1.Let’s compare and discuss the information you collected at each table. 2.What is the purpose of a measuring cup? 3. How is a ruler similar to a balance? 4. Look at a ruler and look at your thumb. To the nearest centimeter, how long do you think your thumb is? Now, measure it and compare it to your prediction. Were you close? Division of Academics - Department of Science

Matter Song (The Tune of London Bridge) Matter is everything we touch, smell and see, smell and see, Matter is everything we touch, taste and hear. Matter can be long and short, smooth and rough, warm and cool. Matter can be colorful, hot and cold. It could sink or it could float, sink or float, sink or float It is heavy and it’s light, in all stages. Matter is everything we touch, smell and see, smell and see, Matter is everything we touch, taste and hear. Matter is everything we touch morning, noon and night! Division of Academics - Department of Science

The End!! Division of Academics - Department of Science

2 nd Grade Topic II Lesson 2 Division of Academics - Department of Science Volume Temperature

Temperature and Volume Benchmarks SC.2.P.8.5 - Measure and compare temperatures taken every day at the same time. SC.2.P.8.6 - Measure and compare the volume of liquids using containers of various shapes and sizes. Division of Academics - Department of Science

Measuring and Comparing Temperature and Volume Raise your hand if you think matter can be measured. How is matter measured? Now, raise your hand if you think matter, once it is measured, can be compared. What does comparing mean? Division of Academics - Department of Science

Measuring and Comparing Temperature and Volume Today, we will measure and compare two properties of matter we learned about last class: VOLUME and TEMPERATURE. Let’s review! – What is volume? – What is temperature? Division of Academics - Department of Science

Measuring and Comparing Temperature and Volume Let’s sing a song about temperature! Thermometer Song - WatchKnowLearn.org Division of Academics - Department of Science

Let’s be Scientists! Measuring and Comparing Temperature Materials – Data Recording Sheet – Thermometer – Pencil Steps – Select a spot outside and another spot inside. Everyday, for 5 days, at the SAME TIME measure the temperature in both places. – Record the temperature in your Data Recording Sheet. – At the end of the week, compare the temperatures. Day 1 Day 2 Day 3 Day 4 Day 5 Inside Outside Division of Academics - Department of Science

Measuring Temperature Day 1Day 2Day 3Day 4Day 5 Date or Day of the Week Inside: Outside: Division of Academics - Department of Science

Measuring and Comparing Temperature After comparing your data, answer the following questions: 1. Are the temperatures between days 1-5 the about the same inside? 2. Are the temperatures between days 1-5 the about the same outside? 3. Are there any differences between the temperatures inside and the ones outside? 4. On what day did you record the highest temperature outside and inside? What was it? 5. On what day did you record the lowest temperature inside and outside? What was it? Division of Academics - Department of Science

Let’s Be Scientists! Measuring and Comparing Volume Materials – Measuring cup (labeled A) filled with colored water – Graduated cylinder (labeled B) – Beaker (labeled C) – Plastic plate (labeled D) – 8 oz cup (labeled E) – 4 oz cup (labeled F) – A bowl (labeled G) – A mug (labeled H) – Water – Food Coloring – Funnel Steps: – Get materials the measuring cup with water. (A) – Predict if the amount of water in A will fit in container B. Test it! – Look at container B and predict if the water in container B will fit in container C. Test it! – Predict and test C to D, D to E, E to F, F to G, and G to H. – Record your predictions and observations. Division of Academics - Department of Science

Will it fit? ABCDEFGH Prediction What Happened? Your Own: Division of Academics - Department of Science

Measuring and Comparing Volume Were you able to fit the starting amount of water from the measuring cup (A) into the graduated cylinder (B)? Why or why not? Which container held the most water? Does the size or shape of a container determine how much volume it has? Pick any two containers. Predict which one you think has the greatest volume. Test it by filling the one with the greatest volume with water and then pouring it into your second one. Division of Academics - Department of Science

What tools do we use to measure Volume and Temperature? Graduated cylinder Division of Academics - Department of Science Measuring cup Thermometer Ruler

Division of Academics - Department of Science The Thermometer Song from www.watchknowlearn.org When mercury goes up is getting HOTTER When mercury goes down is getting COLDER Thermometers are weather tools Telling us how hot or cool. Thermometers tell temperature! Check out the temperature 32 degrees Liquid turns to solid and water will freeze Check out the temperature 212 degrees Water gets hot and it might make you yell … because it is boiling But somewhere in the middle is 68 degrees “ Room temperature feels really great! When mercury goes up is getting HOTTER… Everyone can be a meteorologist. Studying the weather like how hot or cold it is. Look at the mercury in the thermometer Down means colder and up means hotter. Don ’ t forget digital thermometers They are even easier Just look at the numbers When mercury goes up is getting HOTTER…

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