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Joint ICPT / TWAS Workshop on Seismic Sources in Central America What is the largest earthquake each can produce ? Heredia, Costa Rica October 30 – November.

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Presentation on theme: "Joint ICPT / TWAS Workshop on Seismic Sources in Central America What is the largest earthquake each can produce ? Heredia, Costa Rica October 30 – November."— Presentation transcript:

1 Joint ICPT / TWAS Workshop on Seismic Sources in Central America What is the largest earthquake each can produce ? Heredia, Costa Rica October 30 – November 5, 2011 Geological Studies for Surficial Faults Managua, Nicaragua Marisol Echaverry L. & Antonio Álvarez C. Instituto Nicaragüense de Estudios Territoriales Dirección General de Geofísica Dirección de Geología Aplicada

2 La Femina, 2002 Geological Setting Managua Area

3 BACKGROUNDS Falla Estadio Centro Oeste Managua Richter: 5.8 Depth: 5Km Los Brasiles 16 Km. W Managua Richter: 5.5 Mercalli: VI Colonia Centroamérica Centro Sur de Managua Richter: 4.8 Mercalli: VI

4 Tiscapa Fault Managua Lake Richter : 6.2Depth: 5 Km

5 Investigation of Active Faulting in Managua, Nicaragua and Vicinity Vice Ministerio de Planificación Urbana, Gobierno de la Republica de Nicaragua. Woodward- Clyde Consultants. November de 1975.

6 Trench location Before, 80s Morfological surficial expression Exploratory trenches cartography Disruption and displacement key stratas

7 Managua Area Geological Formations Local Stratigraphy Aligneaments and Faults Age and Correlation Map of Faults, 1975

8 BACKGROUNDS

9 DATA BASE  Analysis and integration of consultant reports a  Copies of 400 reports for library  One hundred of lineal kilometers of trenches  Digitizing maps until 1981 (Brown et al., 1973)  Woodward - Clyde Consultants, 1975 and  Ministerio de la Vivienda y Asentamientos Humanos (MINVAH, 1981) THE INETER MAP OF FAULTS BM / ASDI Proyects, 2001

10 Objetives and scope Find evidence of faults: active or not Geological zoning of the land Not build on faults Guarantee the human life and prevent damages of properties

11 Inspection of Site Study for Soil Use Requirement Geological Method

12 Supervision of local geological studies for soil use requirements Método Geofísico

13 Inspection and Approval Process of the Study

14 Faults Map of Managua. March 2002, Escale 1:25,000

15 Distribución en el tiempo de estudios geológicos de falla local en Managua y alrededores Periodo 1990 a Fuente: Ineter, 2008 Estudios geológicos vs Tiempo : 1547 reports: lineal Km 2003 – 2008:Geological: 489 Geophysical: – 2011: 180 a 200

16 BOLETIN SISMOLÓGICO

17 CONCLUSIONS Datas about new fault sites, active or not, are available, and others could be aggregates, but limited. No data about Neotectonics and Paleo seismology are being colected. know its seismical activity, above all, the most important faults is necessary, and study that with no information but densely inhabited. Could be practical and useful combine these geological studies with geodetics studies of deformation for prevention of seismic hazard and risk, for Managua fault region and its vicinity


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