2Los momentos importantes de Centroamérica1492Cristóbal Colón arrives on a Caribean island (República Dominicana) for the first time. He calls the island “Hispañola” or “Little Spain”The island is occupied by natives called Tainos. After 2 or 3 years, the natives are enslaved and hundreds of thousands die due to illnesses brought by the Spanish.
3Los momentos importantes de Centroamérica190015001700160018001502Colón claims Central America for Spain.
4Los momentos importantes de CentroaméricaThe Spanish control the Guatemalan zone beginning in Chiapas, México and ending in the province of Costa Rica for nearly 300 years.19001500170016001800
5Los momentos importantes de CentroaméricaFrance occupies Spain until they defeat Napoleon in the Spanish Independence War in 1814.16001700180019002000Spain is weak and in great debt because of the war.
6Los momentos importantes de Centroamérica190017001600200018001821Mexico declares independence from Spain. They control Central America for 2 years.
7Los momentos importantes de Centroamérica1823Centroamérica declares its independence from the new nation of México.16001700180019002000
8Los momentos importantes de Centroamérica160017001800190020001823The independent nations of Guatemala El Salvador, Nicaragua, Honduras, Costa Rica are formed.
9Los momentos importantes de CentroaméricaCaudillos y corrupción en los gobiernosCorrupt leaders, often charismatic and supported by the common people, who take advantage of their power while their country suffers from poverty and oppression.Were often supported by the US because of the giant fruit companies and the owners who had great financial influence over political leaders.Effects: Countries such as el Salvador, Honduras, and Nicaragua still battle poverty and high crime rates.The countries of Centroamérica are not completely free.Usnavi
10¿Pusiste atención? Where did Colón land in 1492? What happened to the Taínos (natives of Hispañola)?How long did Spain rule over Central America?What circumstances allowed Mexico and Central America able to break away from Spain?