Presentation on theme: "La independencia de Centroamérica. Los momentos importantes de Centroamérica 1492 Cristóbal Colón arrives on a Caribean island (República Dominicana)"— Presentation transcript:
La independencia de Centroamérica
Los momentos importantes de Centroamérica 1492 Cristóbal Colón arrives on a Caribean island (República Dominicana) for the first time. He calls the island Hispañola or Little SpainRepública Dominicana The island is occupied by natives called Tainos. After 2 or 3 years, the natives are enslaved and hundreds of thousands die due to illnesses brought by the Spanish.
Colón claims Central America for Spain. Los momentos importantes de Centroamérica
Los momentos importantes de Centroamérica The Spanish control the Guatemalan zone beginning in Chiapas, México and ending in the province of Costa Rica for nearly 300 years.
France occupies Spain until they defeat Napoleon in the Spanish Independence War in Los momentos importantes de Centroamérica Spain is weak and in great debt because of the war
1821 Mexico declares independence from Spain. They control Central America for 2 years. Los momentos importantes de Centroamérica
Los momentos importantes de Centroamérica 1823 Centroamérica declares its independence from the new nation of México
Los momentos importantes de Centroamérica 1823 The independent nations of Guatemala El Salvador, Nicaragua, Honduras, Costa Rica are formed
Los momentos importantes de Centroamérica Caudillos y corrupción en los gobiernos Corrupt leaders, often charismatic and supported by the common people, who take advantage of their power while their country suffers from poverty and oppression. Were often supported by the US because of the giant fruit companies and the owners who had great financial influence over political leaders. Effects: Countries such as el Salvador, Honduras, and Nicaragua still battle poverty and high crime rates.
¿Pusiste atención? Where did Colón land in 1492? What happened to the Taínos (natives of Hispañola)? How long did Spain rule over Central America? What circumstances allowed Mexico and Central America able to break away from Spain?