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TSUNAMI READY PROGRAM ZONAS SISMICAS Victor A. Huérfano MAPA DE INUNDACION Aurelio Mercado.

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Presentation on theme: "TSUNAMI READY PROGRAM ZONAS SISMICAS Victor A. Huérfano MAPA DE INUNDACION Aurelio Mercado."— Presentation transcript:

1 TSUNAMI READY PROGRAM ZONAS SISMICAS Victor A. Huérfano MAPA DE INUNDACION Aurelio Mercado

2 ZONAS SISMICAS Y SISMICIDAD LOCAL

3 BACKGROUND Puerto Rico Dominican Rep. HaitiJamaica Cuba Virgin Islands Lesser Antilles Trinidad

4 PLATE BOUNDARIES Cocos Plate Caribbean Plate South America Plate North America Plate Puerto Rico Trench Muertos Trough Anegada Passage 19ºN Fault Zone Septentrional Fault Mona Canyon

5 casualties (100) casualties (1790) casualties (???) casualties (???) casualties (???) casualties Shepherd, et al, (1992) 1670 MM = VII, San Germán y San Juan 1787 = VII-VIII, Costa Norte, Este y Oeste 1867 M =7.3, MM = VIII, Islas Vírgenes, Tsunami 20’ 1918 M = 7.3, MM = VIII, Área Oeste de PR, Tsunami 20’ 1943 M = 7.5, MM = V, Noreste de Puerto Rico Soufriere Kick’em Jenny EARTHQUAKES, TSUNAMIS and Active Volcanoes

6 MEDICIONES DE GPS Jansma, 2000

7 TSUNAMIS EN PUERTO RICO IntensityH (m) I-V< 1.0 VI2.0 VII-VIII4.0 IX-X8.0 XI16.0 XII32.0 Puerto Rico Trench Septentrional Fault Zone Mona Canyon Muertos Trough Anegada Passage Sombrero Seismic Zone 19ºN Fault Zone VI Basin

8 CARIBBEAN PLATE PUERTO RICO PLACAS TECTONICAS: Sismicidad Mundial

9 Clinton, Cua, Huèrfano, von Hillebrandt and Martinez (2006)

10 DISTRIBUCION LOCAL DE SISMICIDAD Clinton, Cua, Huèrfano, von Hillebrandt and Martinez (2006)

11 (J. Joyce) (ten Brink) (P. Dillon) PUERTO RICO FAULT SYSTEMS

12 || ( Masson and Scanlon ) PUERTO RICO FAULT SYSTEMS

13 || ( D. Larue ) PUERTO RICO FAULT SYSTEMS

14 (N. Grindlay )

15 PUERTO RICO FAULT SYSTEMS (W. McCann )

16

17

18 ZONAS SISMICAS Y MODELAJE NUMERICO PRT-A Segments: 24 Maximum M: 8.0 Recurrence T: 3800 PRT-B Segments: 27 Maximum M: 8.0 Recurrence T: ºN Segments: 16 Maximum M: 7.6 Recurrence T: 3300 SOMBRERO SZ Segments: 24 Maximum M: 7.7 Recurrence T: 1200 ANEGADA P. Segments: 28 Maximum M: 7.7 Recurrence T: 3700 LEEWARD LZ. Segments: 11 Maximum M: 7.0 Recurrence T: 3000 MUERTOS T. Segments: 28 Maximum M: 7.7 Recurrence T: 3700 SEPTENTRIONAL F. Segments: 14 Maximum M: 7.8 (ref) Recurrence T: 1900 MONA CANYON Segments: 24 Maximum M: 7.5 Recurrence T: 2000 EASTERN DR. Segments: 9 Maximum M: 7.2 Recurrence T: 800 SOUTHWESTERN Segments: 36 Maximum M: 6.6 Recurrence T: 1800 NORTH PLATFORM Segments: 25 Maximum M: 6.8 Recurrence T: 2500 PUERTO RICO REGION Faults: 102 Segments: 268 Maximum M (Faults): 7.6 Maximum M (Segments): 7.2 Seismic Catalogue: Waveform Catalogue: 3518 Quakes used: 4422 Depth: ≤ 50 km Offshore Seismicity Completeness: 3.2 Ml (Outside) ( Huérfano )

19 PR-TWMP Numerical Data Base

20

21 TSUNAMI GENERATION ANDATACK

22 GEOMETRY, SIZE and TIMING HYPOCENTER

23 MALLAS UTILIZADAS EN LAS SIMULACIONES A : 27 sec/arc B : 9 sec/arc C : 3 sec/arc

24 R5: Strike = 122 Dip = 80 Rake = 90 Mw = 7.7 { Geometry Size…….

25

26 TSUNAMI EVACUATION MAP Aguadilla, PR

27 QUE PODEMOS HACER?


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