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Looking after Children’s Teeth Produced by the Oral Health Promotion Department part of Buckinghamshire Priority Dental Service.

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Presentation on theme: "Looking after Children’s Teeth Produced by the Oral Health Promotion Department part of Buckinghamshire Priority Dental Service."— Presentation transcript:

1 Looking after Children’s Teeth Produced by the Oral Health Promotion Department part of Buckinghamshire Priority Dental Service

2 Who can do the most to help prevent tooth problems? You can Tooth decay and gum disease can be prevented This session will help you understand how

3 Why do teeth matter? Children need their milk teeth to:  Eat  Talk  Hold space for adult teeth  Develop face shape  Smile with confidence  Support their general health

4 Today’s problem Approximately 23% of 5 year olds in Buckinghamshire are affected by tooth decay * this may became painful and require multiple extractions treatment is often traumatic and may require a general anaesthetic *National Dental Epidemiology Programme for England: oral health survey of five-year-old children 2012 A report on the prevalence and severity of dental decay

5 Dental decay This picture shows a child who frequently snacked on foods and drinks which contained sugar during the day and at bedtime

6 Oral Heath is more important than you may think – it has been linked to:  Diabetes  Stroke  Heart Disease  Lung disease  Dementia  Low Birth Weight  Premature Birth  Delayed Conception

7 The dentist  To find an NHS dentist in Bucks log on to and type ‘find a dentist’ into the search box  Take your baby with you for your check-up  Children should ideally have their first visit by about 1 year old  Free NHS dentistry for children at school and pregnant women/new mothers until baby is 1 year old Regular check-ups are important

8 Tooth development  First adult tooth at about 6-7 years old  The last milk tooth falls out at about 12 years old

9 Tooth decay is preventable  Cleaning teeth  A tooth friendly approach to food and drink

10 Cleaning teeth Tooth brushing is important for two reasons 1 – Removing Plaque 2 – Applying Fluoride

11 Brushing children’s teeth  Brush gums as well to prevent gum disease  Use a toothbrush with a small head  Help with brushing until your child is at least 7 years old  Brush twice a day for 2 minutes  The brush before bedtime is the most important

12 Tooth brushing  Try to start in the same part of the mouth each time  Angle the toothbrush towards the gums & brush gently  Clean outside, inside and biting surfaces of the teeth with a small circular motion

13 Why use a Fluoride toothpaste? Fluoride acts in three ways:  It slows the growth of bacteria  It helps to strengthen the outer enamel layer of the teeth  It remineralises early decay back into tooth again Fluoride is fantastic for your teeth but do not allow your child to eat toothpaste from the tube

14 Toothpaste  From 3 years old use a small pea sized amount of 1350–1500 ppm of Fluoride toothpaste (adult strength paste)  Use mint flavoured toothpaste as fruit flavoured may not contain sufficient fluoride  Spit out excess paste but don’t rinse out after brushing

15 Sugar + bacteria = acid Acid + enamel = decay How tooth decay happens

16 Frequency of acid attacks through the day

17 Fruit flavoured squash  Children will drink for the sake of it as they like the sweet taste  This can result in them feeling full and not eating their meals  Harmful to teeth even if sugar free In contrast..... They will drink water when they are thirsty and it will quench their thirst but not affect their appetite

18 Remember Limit sugary foods and drinks to main mealtimes only

19 What can you give them between meals?  Fresh Fruit  Fresh vegetables  Bread  Cheese  Crackers  Plain yoghurt  Milk  Water  Any sugar free foods

20 Fruit  Should be eaten in natural form only  Smoothies or fruit juice will be acidic and cause damage to the enamel  Dried fruit causes decay so should not be eaten between meals

21 Thank you for listening and remember  Brush teeth and gums twice a day especially before bedtime  Use a toothpaste which provides optimum levels of fluoride  Spit don’t rinse out  Keep sugary foods and drinks to meal times  Visit your dentist regularly

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