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Why Carry Out Esthetic Bonded Restorations on Posterior Teeth?

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Presentation on theme: "Why Carry Out Esthetic Bonded Restorations on Posterior Teeth?"— Presentation transcript:

1 Why Carry Out Esthetic Bonded Restorations on Posterior Teeth?

2 Prevention 과 oral hygiene 이 잘 유지되고 있는 35 세 환자의 caries free mouth.

3 Traditional approach using amalgam : 증례 (1) u recurrent caries around old composite restoration on M & PM u cavity prep & pin placement for amalgam u completed amalgam filling

4 Traditional approach using amalgam : 증례 (2) u interproximal caries on #14,15 u intact occlusal surface u traditional approach occlusal extension prep for amalgam u 술후 사진.

5 More conservative approach using adhesive technique u similar case above u maximum sound tissue preservative cavity form u direct composite restoration

6 Evolution of decayed tooth u a) “classical” approach “natural caries decay” 의 진행, 수복물의 변성, mechanical failure 발생 빈법 –(left arrow) unfavorable condition : mesiodistal fissure 로 진행 - premature root canal tx.- protective crowning –(right arrow) onlay 만으로 더 이상의 진행 prevention.

7 u B) “ adhesive” approach mechanical failure 발생 감소.

8 Fractured tooth Fractured tooth : 증례 (1) u sensitivity to pressure u intact on radiography u deep fractured fissure on mesial side u direct composite restoration 으로 sealing & reinforce : sensitivity 감소

9 Fractured tooth Fractured tooth : 증례 (2) u frail & wide class 1 amalgam filling. ( No cuspal coverage) : spontaneous & pressure induced pain u 일차적으로 composite inlay 수복으로 symptom 완화 시도. u 술후 방사선 사진 : 와동형성을 심부까지 extension 하지 않음.

10 Fractured tooth Fractured tooth : 증례 (3) u superficial class 2 : not visible defect but thermal change & pressure 에 sensitivity u deep,discolaorated fissure ( leakage ) u endodontic therapy u crown for prevent from further crack progression

11 prevention form 의 retoration 은 많은 양의 치질 삭제를 요한다.

12 Decmentation of gold inlay u 부적절한 marginal fit 으로 severe secondary caries 발생.

13 rich blend color 로 natural anatomy 와 esthetic, optimal function 을 만족시키고 있는 수복형태.

14 new esthetic material 의 만족 할만한 long-term behavior u after 5-year u after 9-year

15 Bonded ceramic inlay 구치부 심미 수복 중 most long lasting. But, 과정이 복잡하고 가격이 비싸다 u after 3-year u after 5-year

16 Traditional approach vs modern approach


18 1) esthetic intracoronal restoration 1) esthetic intracoronal restoration : not a modern concept (1) 1856 prefabricated ceramic inlay sealed with gold foil (2) 1882 fired ceramic inlay (Herbest, Germany)

19 (3) 1888 fired ceramic inlays over platinum foil (Land) (4) 1895 ceramic inlay was introduced well before amalgam (5) 1905 resinous adhesive + porcelain etching (Nyman)

20 Low fusing ceramic inlay (Ducera) 에 fatigue test (mechanical loading & thermocycling) : porcelain etching 과 new adhesive 에 의한 adhesion remain ( D:dentin LC:luting composite C:ceramic )

21 (6) 1871 silicate cement : direct esthetic m. 의 real development begin (Fletcher) (7) 1937 unfilled resin (8) 1938 development of epoxy molecule (Castan Swiss) (9) 1951 acid conditioning (Hager, Swiss) (10) 1952 “hybrid layer” first description

22 (11) 1955 further development of enamel etchin (Buonocore) (12) 1962 Bowen’s Bis-GMA formulation 에 의한 composite resin (Bowen) : moder adhesive dentistry 의 beginning (13) 수년 전까지 posterior esthetic material 은 amalgam 이나 gold filling 과 경쟁이 되지 않았다. Biological & physiochemical short comings

23 2-2 a.b amalgam restoration 의 satisfactory long-term behavior - amalgam over 20 year - free of recurrent decay

24 2-3 a.b gold inlay 의 excellent long term behavior - 24 year old gold inlay

25 (14) limitation of esthetic material 의 durabillity a. marginal degradation b. wear c. mechanical failure

26 a. Recurrent decay b. pulpal injury c. loss of function


28 Bonded posterior restoration Bonded posterior restoration 에 이용되는 material 의 기능 에 의한 분류 u Liner u Base u Adhesive u Luting composite u Restorative material

29 Direct composite filling Direct composite filling : enamel, dentin 각각에 대한 adaptation 비교 u Enamel : perfect adaptation u Dentin : separation

30 Dentin etching Dentin etching (phosporic acid, 10 sec) u exposure collagen fiber network u porius structure u No over etching! Collagen fiber denaturation & weakening 으로 dentinal tubule collapse

31 Hybrid layer or interdiffusion zone u intertubular dentin 과 peritubular dentin 사이로 resin tag 형성.

32 Ceramic bonded inlay Ceramic bonded inlay : 1.5year loading (thermal & functional) u resist

33 Hybrid layerdentin bonding failure example Hybrid layer 에 의한 dentin bonding failure example u 원인 Maybe spontaneous collagen collapse or compression during etching & dehydration

34 Liner application under Direct composite u deepest part 에 pulp protection 위해 calcium hydroxide cement 을 partial lining.

35 Base,liner application marginal seal Base,liner application 이 marginal seal 에 미치는 영향 u Base,liner : fluorecent resin leakage u bonding agent : full surface adhesion

36 Prep for adhesive restoraion u PM : direct filling u M: compomer base 로 resin inlay 위한 형태 형성. Resin restoration volume 감소.

37 Conventional glass ionomer cements Conventional glass ionomer cements : structure u developed by Wilson & Kent by 1972 u polycarboxylate cement liquid (polyacrylic acid) u + silicatecement liquid (aluminisilicate glass)

38 u final state : 2 phase Matrix : gelation of polyacid by metal ions from the glass during the initial acid attack Filler –large particle : intact glass core sheathed by siliceous hydrogel –small particle : completely degraded in siliceous hydogel

39 Compomer 1 Compomer 1 : Dyrect 의 structure u Resin 과 유사한 matrix 에 GI filler (aluminosilicate glass) 첨가

40 u Advantage Ease of manipulation due to long working time and rapid set ( light activation) Resistance to early contamination by water and to dehydration Higher early strength and superior mechanical properties Fluoride release

41 Compomer 2 Compomer 2 : temporary restoration & base u Delay the final steps of the restorative procedure

42 Base,liner : rationale for using & selecting

43 Ceramics 1 Ceramics 1 “heterogeneous conventional dental porcelain” u 2 phase : glassy matrix & crystalline inclusion u after firing u after HF acid etching : imprints of leucite crystal Reinforced heterogeneous porcelain : higher proportion of alumina & leucite

44 Ceramics 2 Ceramics 2 “glass ceramic(Dicor)” u glassy matrix + crystalline inclusion u 1st step : casting of glass (amorphous glass) u after “thermal ceramization” : development of crystalline structure

45 Ceramics 3 Ceramics 3 “slip casting (In Ceram) u crystalline matrix + infiltrated glass u 1st processing : sintering spinell crystals u infiltrated by a glass

46 Ceramics 4 Ceramics 4 “low fusing ceramic (LFC,Ducera) u homogeneous porcelain u firing phase : melting glass particle u final stage : homogeneous glass react superficially with water & produce a reinforced hydroxylated layer.

47 Composite resins : structure

48 Composite resin : surface roughness

49 Composite resin Composite resin : polymerization u light activated pore-free structure homogeneity of activation possibility of multilayer application u chemically cured numerous void from hand mixing

50 Composite resin 1 Composite resin 1 : monomodal heterogeneous microfilled composite u Prepolymerized complex with higher filler density u Filler : pyrolytic silica

51 Composite resin 2 Composite resin 2 : monomodal spheroidal composite u milled rounded, various size particle

52 Composite resin 3 Composite resin 3 : hybrid composite

53 Composite resin 4 Composite resin 4 : small hybrid composite

54 composite kit including different opacities u dentin u enamel u translucent

55 Ceramic inlay : fracture


57 Esthetic restorative technique for post.teeth Esthetic restorative technique for post.teeth ; 3 group u Direct technique u Semidirect technique u indirect technique

58 Basic requirement for successful bonding u Perfectly healthy soft tissue u Margins preferably placed supra or juxta gingivally u Clean & dry operating field ysing rubber dam –“ wet bonding” = on dentin humid substrate, no saliva or blood bonding

59 Indications for adhesive restoration u excellent oral hygiene u low caries susceptibility u true esthetic demend

60 Direct technique u small & medium size intraoral cavity

61 Semidirect technique u 1-3 teeth (within different quadrant) 의 wide class II,III or occlusal coverage

62 Indirect technique u full arch or quadrant rehabillitation

63 Fractured buccal wall due to resin polymerization stress in largr cavity

64 Modification of the conventional prep. for a luted restoration u Direct technique if thickness of the remaining wall is enough,more prefarable u Luted restoration significant tissue loss

65 Marginal seal u Direct filling minimal enamel thickness at the gingival margin (1mm at least) & bevel : satisfactory marginal seal butt margin : leakage

66 u Luted restiration perfect marginal seal regardless of finishing design or enamel thickness dentin margin : modern adhesive technique 으로 best adaptation & seal

67 Technique selection by gingival enamel thickness u Direct technique small restorations with thick margin u Luted technique large prep. with thin enamel margin (less than 1mm thickness & height)

68 Hybrid restoration u amalgam base : sealing dentin margin u composite surface : esthetic

69 Functional strain distribution u last molar : maximum u decrease progressively toward the anterior teeth

70 Anatomic factor influencing the strength of the restored tooth u cuspal inclination u enamel thickness u extension of the pulp horn u cusp form & demension u cervical concavity & other defect (erosion,abrsion lesion)

71 Relationship with Crown inclination and restored tooth strength u amalgam filled mandibular post.teeth 의 lingual inclination 으로 인하여 functional stress 하에서 non-supporting cusp fracture u candidate for adheive restoration

72 Relation to cervical concavity u conventional amalgam filling : risk of mesiodistal fracture u candidate for adhesive restoration

73 Conservative treatment Conservative treatment : fissured or partially fractured tooth

74 Combined technique u Complete rehabilitation after completion of the orthodontic phase u Fractured worn restoration removal u New direct composite filling u Ceramic overlay was placed on the premolar to restore the vertical dimension & proper function

75 Full upper arch restoration using composite inlay & PFM crown

76 Prosthetic indications u The ultimate goal of adhesive dentistry is to reduce and postpone the prosthetic solution u The extent of delay or existing restoration may contraindicate an adhesive option

77 Tooth Preparation

78 Tissue characteristics related to preparations for adhesive Technique 1 u Thick enamel margin bevel u transitional line between the bottom of the cavity & bevel u exposed prism on bevel perpendicular to their long axes

79 Tissue characteristics related to preparations for adhesive technique 2. u Thin gingival enamel margin u SEM view of cavity border u enamel prism less structural arrangement minimally to adhesion

80 Tissue characteristics related to preparations for adhesive technique 3. u Preparation extending into cervical dentin u enamel is missing on the gingival margin u SEM view of outer dentin few number of dentinal tubule mostly cross sectioned

81 Tissue characteristics related to preparations for adhesive technique 4. u Changes in prism orientation along the entire DEJ

82 Tissue characteristics related to preparations for adhesive technique 5. Tissue characteristics related to preparations for adhesive technique 5. : Section of the cervical region u changes in the orientation and organization of rod in the last millimeters of enamel apical inclination approximately 30% of teeth obstacle for bonding because the margins present unsupported prisms

83 Tissue characteristics related to preparations for adhesive technique 6 Tissue characteristics related to preparations for adhesive technique 6 : Different orientation of the tubule on the various surface of class II cavity u bevel provides sections of tubule that are more perpendicular to their long axes than with a butt preparation

84 General principles 1 General principles 1 “Principle of maximum preservation” u conventional approach extension for prevention u modern rule selective removal of decayed tissue u proximal ridge,enamel bridge,sound occlusal surface have to be preserved (even where the enamel is not fully supported by dentin)

85 General preinciples 2 General preinciples 2 : Technique selection u by remaining sound tissue amount & morphology u cavity prep for direct filling vs for semidirect inlay

86 General principles 3 General principles 3 : direct technique 증례 u small lesion in the buccodistal groove necessitated the coverage the fragile distal cusp. u extreamly frail wall 은 composite shrinkage 로 발생되는 stress 로부터 protection 해주어야 한다.

87 Tooth preparation for direct fillings 1 Tooth preparation for direct fillings 1 : different design u most conservative approach for superficial carious lesion u “adhesive preparation” for more deeply invasive preparation ovoid cavity design with some area of unsupported enamel

88 u “micro cavity”,”tunnel cavity”, “buccolingual cavity for conservative treatment of proximal lesion u “bevelled conventional” preparation for replacement of existing metallic restoration

89 Tooth preparaion for direct fillings 2 Tooth preparaion for direct fillings 2 : two different design 증례

90 Tooth preparation for luted restoraions 1 Tooth preparation for luted restoraions 1 : different design u unrestored severe carious lesion selective removal of decayed tooth internal tapered design obtained by liner and base u replacement of large existing restoration modification with base

91 Tooth preparation for luted restorations 2 Tooth preparation for luted restorations 2 : Preparation for indirect ceramic overlays u no sharp angle (esp. internal line angle)

92 Margin design of luted restorations 1 Margin design of luted restorations 1 : butt margin u prism on occlusal margin parallel to long axes u prism on gingival enamel margin same

93 Margin design of luted restortions 2 Margin design of luted restortions 2 : hollow-ground chamfer ( concave bevel) u prism on occlusal margin more or less transversly sectioned u prism on base of the chamfer almost perpendicular to long axes more appropriate for eching

94 Margin design of luted restorations 3 Margin design of luted restorations 3 : 증례 (1) u fracture of hollow- ground chamfer occlusal margin

95 Margin design of luted restorations 4 Margin design of luted restorations 4 : 증례 (2) u concave bevel design for buccal finishing line only other concave beveled margin will enlarge the occlusal surface

96 Cavity configuration and Geometry of luted retorations 1 u semidirect intraoral technique require more taper than 15 degree to faciliate removal

97 u indirect technique & semidirect extraoral technique small internal undercuts are tolerated by die spacer (indirect) or grinding locally after removal from the elastic model (semidirect extraoral)

98 Cavity configuration and Geometry of luted restorations 2 Cavity configuration and Geometry of luted restorations 2 : parameters of general preparation design u Restoration margins should not coincide with occlusal contacts(esp.ceramic)

99 u Minimal thickness & width of occlusal isthmus, occlusal coverage u Optimal overhang of the restorative material necessary to obtain a satisfactory proximal contact u Extension into critical esthetic zones must be considered with caution


101 General indications for direct technique

102 Direct filling method 1 Direct filling method 1 : bulk technique u only for minimal cavity volume

103 Direct filling method 1 Direct filling method 1 : 증례 (1) u initial occlusal groove caries

104 Direct filling method 1 Direct filling method 1 : 증례 (2) u superficial proximal caries

105 Direct filling method 2 Direct filling method 2 : multilayer technique u In narrow but deeper cavity u composite resin shrinkage compensation

106 Direct filling method 2 Direct filling method 2 : 증례 u Replacement of failed restoration

107 Direct filling method 2 : Direct filling method 2 : procedure(1) - “conventional horizontal layering” u Decayed 1st upper molar u Proximal extension of the prep u Failure to place a clear plastic matrix band u Metallic band & wooden wedge for class II cavity,conventional metallic matrix improves polymerization by light reflex

108 Direct filling method 2 Direct filling method 2 : procedure(2) u Base of light curing GI u Additional horizontal increment were made to complete the proximal wall u Remaining cavity volume was filled with three last increments u Internal characterization

109 Direct filling method 2 Direct filling method 2 : final

110 Tunnel approach u Very superficial proximal lesion u Only when decayed tissue can be completely removed without excessive weakning of the occlusal ridge

111 Three-sited light cure technique Three-sited light cure technique : rationale u provide optimal proximal adaptation & seal traditional GI base to reduce resin bulk placement of translucent matrix & reflecting wedge placement 1st resin increment on the bottom of proximal prep indirectly cured through the wedge 2nd,third increment cured through the cusp

112 Three-sited light cure technique Three-sited light cure technique : 증례 u Replacement of the amalgam filling due to recurrent caries u Clear matrix & translucent reflecting wedge u 1st composite layer on the gingival floor & cured through the wedge u 2nd increment was placed buccaly to fill the main volume & cured through the cusp

113 Three-sited light cure technique Three-sited light cure technique : 증례 u 3rd increment filled the remaining proximal space u in the occlusal part oblique layer & cured through the remaining wall u last increment & shaping

114 Three-sited light cure technique Three-sited light cure technique : final

115 CONTA PRO u special clear,plastic instrument to improve quality of contact point u used to force the matrix against the neighboring teeth to abtain tight proximal contact

116 u The tapered channel at the top of the instrument is first filled with composite place in the cavity box wedged & moved to push the matrix removal 후 small band of resin remain in the cavity restorative step

117 Polymerization shrinkage control 1 Polymerization shrinkage control 1 : polymerization tip u composite condensation & polymerization at the same time

118 Polymerization shrinkage control 2 Polymerization shrinkage control 2 : ceramic ingot or prefabricated ceramic inlay

119 Oblique incremental technique u medium class I cavity u horizontal layering 에서 발생되는 opposing wall 에대한 tension 발생을 막고 marginal quality improvwmwnt

120 Oblique technique Oblique technique : 증례 u Replacement of an occlusal amalgam filling u buccolingual extension of the cavity u colored liquid resin

121 Oblique technique Oblique technique : 증례 u additional small incremental resin u shaping with spatula & brush u final

122 Anatomic layering of direct composite restoration u dentin layer u enamel layer u translucent layer

123 Instrument Instrument : simple set u sharp point u spatula u round condenser


125  Semidirect technique 의 indication 1) accessible large lesion extended to CEJ 2) restoration replacement of limited number of tooth (at the same time)

126 u Transitional restoration of young patient young patient : low cost 로 luted restoration 제작 가능하므로 성인기에 이를 때 까지 prosthetic solution 을 delay 시킬 수 있는 바람직한 수복재 역할

127 u Young pt 에서의 적용례 2 : reduced coronal height, pulp less single tooth 의 conservative & economic therapeutic option

128 u Direct filling methods 의 common problem in class II lesion common problem in class II lesion : adequate proximal contour & contact 형성이 어렵다 luted restoration semidirect tech 은 one appointment 로 chairside 에서 제작

129 u Intraoral semidirect composite inlay 제작 과정 composite inlay 제작 과정 a. 술 전 b. prep & GZ base ( 약간의 undercut 허용 ) c. insulating medium d. incremental resin build e. shaping f. 분리 후 post curing g. cementation h. complete

130 u Cavity design for intraoral semidirect tech semidirect tech : even. One or two surface prep require to prevent locking

131 u Semidirect intramural technique 을 이용한 수복예 technique 을 이용한 수복예 a. initial view b. extended cavity 에 separator 바르고 matrix place c. composite filling & shaping d. locking 으로 인해 rotary instrument 로 removal

132 u Microretention by coarse diamond bur

133 u Semidirect extraoral technique a. failed amalgam & provisional filling b. frail fissured cervical enamel & substantial cavity width & volume c. working model < fast setting silicon material

134 d. separated die 상에 three layer composite filling (chairside) e. enamel. Incisal layer & characterized color resin f. completion g. try in I. Cementation

135 u Special silicone die 를 이용한 resin restoration 제작 과정 resin restoration 제작 과정 a. Color, viscosity, setting time 이 적절한 special silicone die b. shaping c. surface characterization is easy

136 u Very natural appearance. within short working time

137  simple post-curing method : boning water for five minute more superficial staining

138 u Post-curing occlusion check (photothermal treatment) after a few minute 내 - continuing polymerization 으로 인한 internal marginal -stress 저하 - hardness & wear. Resistance 증가

139  Advantage of post curing 1) maximal conversion rate 2) definitive dimensional stability in a few minute 3) improve margin quality

140 u Try in if necessary, some composite and he added on non-postcured material

141 u Prosthetic rehabilitation root canal treated tooth 를 포함한.

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