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Uvalde Junior High. The Spanish Texans  In the late 1700s around 4,200 people lived in Texas in the San Antonio, La Bahia, Nuevo Santander, and Nacogdoches.

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Presentation on theme: "Uvalde Junior High. The Spanish Texans  In the late 1700s around 4,200 people lived in Texas in the San Antonio, La Bahia, Nuevo Santander, and Nacogdoches."— Presentation transcript:

1 Uvalde Junior High

2 The Spanish Texans  In the late 1700s around 4,200 people lived in Texas in the San Antonio, La Bahia, Nuevo Santander, and Nacogdoches areas.  Some moved here to escape hacienda life in New Spain or oppressive taxes. Others hoped to get rich or find good jobs on ranches.  Oppressive  Oppressive means unjust or cruel due to an abuse of power.

3 Four Types of Frontier Settlements  Settlers tended to stay together for protection from the dangers of frontier life.  The types of settlements they lived in were: 1. Missions 2. Presidios 3. Pueblos 4. Ranches These settlements strengthened Spain’s claim to Texas.

4 Missions  The mission was the main tool for colonizing Texas.  One goals of a mission was to convert Native Americans to the Catholic religion. subject  Spain tried to make Native Americans subjects to the Spanish crown. A subject is a person under the authority of a king or queen.  Spain would pay for the missions and priests would run them.  The missions were expected to support themselves.

5 Inside the Missions  Most missions consisted of a square compound enclosed by four walls. A compound is a fenced or walled in area containing residences.  The land outside the compound was used for farming and grazing.  The land inside contained offices and shops for carpentry, ironworking, and tailoring.  Church services were held in the chapel.

6 Four Walled Spanish Mission

7 Daily Life in the Missions  The day would begin with morning prayer and instruction in the Catholic faith.  After breakfast the people would go on to their daily work and children would go to school.  This was a very different life than what Native Texans were used to. Most Native Texans did not like this way of life.  Some tried to escape and some remained voluntarily.

8 Hard Times in the Missions  Many missions were not successful. The Native population began to shrink and women often died during childbirth. Some Natives died of European diseases.  The Natives did not like their new diets.  By the end of the 1700s Spain began to see the missions as being to expensive.  By missions had been built in Texas.

9 Presidios  Presidios provided military support for the missions.  They protected colonists from attack by Natives Texans.  Soldiers brought back natives who ran away from the missions.  They also guarded herds and supplies.  Presidios were rectangular with four large walls and one huge entrance.

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12 Presidio Life  Soldiers enlisted for 10 years.  Work was hard and dangerous.  Native Texans were often hostile.  Often they did not get along well with the priests.  Soldiers were poorly paid. commissary  They bought their supplies at a commissary, a store for military people.  Sometimes soldiers had to take extra jobs to get by.  Soldiers often married locals and settled there.

13 Write A Summary  Don’t forget pictures!


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