2Missions The mission was Spain’s main tool for colonizing Texas. In the Missions the native Texans were…converted to Christianity.taught to be good loyal citizens of SpainSpain financed the mission and the Catholic church provided priests.
3Was the Spanish mission system a success or a failure? Success or Failure?Essential Question:Was the Spanish mission system a success or a failure?You should keep this question in mind and be able to answer it at the end of the unit.
4Daily Life in the Mission Morning PrayersInstruction in the Catholic faithBreakfastWork all day in the fields, kitchen, or in the workshopsThe Native Texans that became part of the mission were often punished by the priest if they did not follow rules.Few Natives converted to Christianity.One of the few tribes that did convert was the Coahuiltecans in South Texas
5The front of Mission Concepción near San Antonio Spanish TexansThe Franciscan order of the Catholic Church ran the Missions.The Indians who were converted became Hispanics or “turned Spanish”The front of Mission Concepción near San Antonio
6The Spanish TexansIn the late 1700s, about 3,500 colonist were living in what is now Texas.Many of the colonists came to Texas to escape cruel conditions in New Spain (Mexico).They settled in San Antonio
7Inside the missionsMost missions were enclosed by four walls, with towers at the corner for protection.Land surrounding the mission was used for livestock and crops.There was also a mission chapel.
8Diagram of a Spanish Mission 8ChurchPriests’ QuartersWorkshopsKitchenStoreroomsWellIndian VillageWater Access7234165Spanish Mission
9Hard times in the missions Missions were less successful than Spain had hoped.The Native population shrank because of disease and escapees.The missions did not grow enough to pay back Spain.In the end, Spaniards had built 26 missions in Texas.
10presidiosPurpose: Soldiers provided military support and protection for the missions, and later settlersFrom attacks by Native TexansGuard cattle & horsesThey are like FORTS!Presidio soldiers also had to bring back escapees.
11Towns, Ranches, and Independence Life in Spanish TexasTowns, Ranches, and Independence
12TOWNS The Spanish built 4 towns when the missions closed. Former presidio families & Natives who adapted to Spanish culture lived there.Life was simple, but work was hard.
13Problems in the townsUnclean living conditions led to deadly epidemics of cholera, smallpox, and other diseases.There were muddy streets and standing water that carried mosquitoes that had diseases.Few doctors, medicines, or medical supplies.Always in danger of being raided by the Natives.Outlaws and smugglers also attacked the town to steal possessions and supplies.In your opinion, what do you think was the worst problem for the townspeople?
14Cattle industry and ranching begins Cattle were brought to Texas during Spain’s first attempt to colonize.By 1787, ranches replaced missions as the chief source of livestock in Texas.Which Region has enough rain to support the Cattle Industry?
15Which Region has Enough Rain to support the Cattle Industry? Gulf Coastal Plains-because of the surplus of rain, and flat land for the animals to graze.
16Spanish influence Continues on explored landfounded missionbuilt townsdeveloped ranches.One of Spain’s most important contributions has been the Spanish language.RiversCitiesLandformsfoodThe Spanish started the cattle industry, ranching, and the wool industry.
17Spanish Mission System This chart gives the BASICS… look in your book for DETAILS!!MISSIONSPRESIDIOSSETTLEMENTSDEFINITIONA religious settlementA Spanish military outpostA community that grows up around a mission and presidioPURPOSETo teach the Natives the Spanish way of life and to convert them to ChristianityTo protect the missions and settlementsTo create Spanish towns in Texas and to provide a home for the soldiers’ familiesINHABITANTSWho lived there?Spanish Catholic Friars (Priests)Native American men and their familiesSpanish Soldiers (worked there and lived in the settlements)SpaniardsNative AmericansAfrican AmericansMestizos and Tejano(a)sDAILY ACTIVITIESFarmingRanchingCraftsEducationScoutingControlling the Native populationPatrollingFarmingRanchingCrafts and TradesFiestasPROBLEMS1. Native Americanresentment2. Some did not want tostay at the missions1. Danger2. Low pay3. Lack of support/suppliesfrom the government1. Disease2. No schools
18What do you think Spain wanted more? Key QuestionWhat two purposes did missions in Texas serve Spain?Convert native peoples to Christianity and help Spain secure its claim to the land.What do you think Spain wanted more?